THE RECONCILIATION WITH WARWICK
N the fall of 1469, Margaret's mind was aroused to new life and excitement by
news which came from England that great opposition had gradually grown up in the
realm against the government of Edward, that many of his best friends had
forsaken him, and that the friends and partisans of the Lancaster line were
increasing in strength and courage to such a degree as to make it probable that
the time was drawing nigh when Henry might be restored to the throne. The most
important circumstance connected with the change which had taken place was that
the great Earl of Warwick, who had been the most efficient and powerful
supporter of the house of York, and the most determined enemy of Margaret and
Henry during the whole war, had now abandoned Edward, and had come to France,
and was ready to throw all the weight of his power and influence on the other
 Of course, these tidings produced a great excitement all over France. King Louis
XI. was specially interested in them, as they afforded a hope that Margaret
might regain her throne, and so be able to redeem her mortgage, or else deliver
up to him the security; so he called a council at Tours to consider what was
best to be done, .and he sent for Margaret at Verdun to come with the prince
and. attend it. He also sent for René, her father, and other influential family
friends. It is said that when Margaret arrived and met her father, she was so
much agitated by the news, and by the hopes which it awakened in her bosom,
that, in embracing him, she burst into tears from the excess of her excitement
But she could not endure the idea of a reconciliation with Warwick. At first she
positively refused to see or to speak to him. When, however, at, length he
arrived at Tours, the king introduced him into Margaret's presence, but for a
longtime she refused to have any thing to do with him.
"She could never forgive him,'' she said. "He had been the chief author of the
downfall of her husband, and of all the sorrows and
 calamities which had since befallen her and her son.
"Besides," she said, "even if she were willing to forgive him for the
intolerable wrongs which he had inflicted upon her, it would be very prejudicial
to her husband's cause to enter into any agreement or alliance with him
whatever; for all her party and friends in England, whom Warwick had done so
much to injure, and who had so long looked upon him as their worst and deadliest
foe, would be wholly alienated from her if they were to know that she had taken
him into favor, and thus she would lose much more than she would gain."
Warwick replied to this as well as he could, pleading the injuries which he had
himself received from the Lancaster party as an excuse for his hostility against
them. Then, moreover, he had been the means of unsettling King Edward in his
realm, and of preparing the way for King Henry to return; and he promised that,
if Margaret would receive him into her service, he would thenceforth be true and
faithful to her as long as he lived, and be as much King Edward's foe as he had
hitherto been his friend. He appealed, moreover, to the King of France to be his
surety that he would faithfully perform these stipulations.
 The King of France said that he would be his surety, and he begged that Margaret
would pardon Warwick, and receive him into favor for his sake, and
for the great love that he, the king, bore to him. He would do more for him, he
added, than for any man living.
Margaret at last allowed herself to be persuaded, and Warwick was forgiven.
There were several other great nobles, who had come over with Warwick, that were
received into Margaret's favor at the same time, and, when the grand
reconciliation was completely effected, the whole party set out together to go
down the Loire to Angers, where the Countess of Warwick, the earl's wife, and
his youngest daughter, Anne, were awaiting them. The countess and Anne were
presented to the queen, and a short time afterward Louis ventured to propose a
marriage between Anne and Prince Edward.
Margaret received this proposal with astonishment, and rejected it with scorn.
She said she could see neither honor nor profit in it, either for herself or for
her son. But at length, after a fortnight had been spent in reasoning with her
on the advantages of the connection, and the aid which she would derive from
such an alliance with Warwick in endeavoring to
 recover her husband's kingdom, she finally yielded. She was influenced at last,
in coming to this decision, by the advice of her father, who counseled her to
consent to the match.
The parties united in a grand religious ceremony in the cathedral church of
Angers to seal and ratify the covenants and agreements by which they were now to
There was a fragment of the true cross, so supposed, among the relics in the
cathedral; and this was an object of such veneration that an oath taken upon it
was considered as imposing an obligation of the highest sanctity. Each of the
three great parties took an oath, in turn, upon this holy emblem.
First, the Earl of Warwick swore that he would, without change, always hold to
the party of King Henry, and serve him, the queen, and the prince, as a true and
faithful subject ought to serve his sovereign lord.
Next; the King of France swore that he would help and. sustain, to the utmost of
his power, the Earl of Warwick in the quarrel of King Henry.
And, finally, Queen Margaret swore to treat the earl as true and faithful to
King Henry and the prince, and "for his deeds past never to make him any
 It was furthermore agreed at this time that Anne, the Earl of Warwick's
daughter, who was betrothed to the prince, should be delivered to Queen
Margaret, and should remain under her charge until the marriage should be
consummated. But this, was not to take place until the Earl of Warwick had been
into England and had recovered the realm, or the greater portion of it at least,
and restored it to King Henry. Thus the consummation of the marriage was to
depend upon Warwick's success in restoring Henry his crown.
Still, a sort of marriage ceremony, or, more strictly, a ceremony of betrothal,
was celebrated at Angers between the prince and' his affianced bride a few days
afterward, with great parade, and then Warwick, leaving his countess and his
daughter behind with Margaret, set out for England with a troop of two thousand
men which Louis had furnished him.
After Warwick had gone, Margaret remained at Angers for some weeks, and then set
out for Paris, escorted by a guard of honor. Her party arrived at the capital in
November, and Margaret, by Louis's orders, was received with all the ceremonies
and marks of distinction due to a queen. The streets through which she passed
were hung with tapestry, and ornamented
 with flags and banners, and with every other suitable decoration. The people
came out in throngs to see the grand procession pass; for, in addition to the
guard of honor which had conducted the party to the capital, all the great
public functionaries and high officials joined in the procession at the gates,
and accompanied it through the city, thus forming a grand and imposing
Queen Margaret and her party were in this way conducted to the palace, and
lodged there in great splendor. Their hearts were gladdened, too, on their
arrival, by receiving the news that Warwick had landed in England, and had been
completely successful in his undertaking. King Edward was deposed, and King
Henry had been released from his imprisonment in the Tower and placed upon the
Margaret, of course, at once determined that she would immediately make
preparations for returning to England.
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