I MAKE AN UMBRELLA
 AS the years went by the things which I had brought from the
ship were used up or worn out.
My biscuits lasted more than a year; for I ate only one cake
My ink soon gave out, and then I had no more use for pens or
At last my clothes were all worn out.
The weather was always warm on my island and there was
little need for clothes. But I could not go without them.
It so happened that I had saved the skins of all the animals
I had killed.
I stretched every skin on a framework of sticks. and hung it
up in the sun to dry.
In time I had a great many of these skins. Some were coarse
and stiff and fit for nothing. Others were soft to the touch
and very pretty to look at.
One day I took one of the finest and made me
 a cap of it. I left all the hair on the outside, so as to
shoot off the rain.
It was not very pretty; but it was of great use, and what
more did I want?
I did so well with the cap that I thought I would try
something else. So, after a great deal of trouble, I made me
a whole suit.
I made me a waistcoat and a pair of knee breeches. I wanted
them to keep me cool rather than warm. So I made them quite
You would have laughed to see them. They were funny things,
I tell you. But when I went out in the rain, they kept me
This, I think, put me in mind of an umbrella.
I had seen umbrellas in Brazil, although they were not yet
common in England. They were of much use in the summer when
the sun shone hot.
I thought that if they were good in Brazil, they would be
still better here, where the sun was much hotter.
So I set about the making of one.
I took great pains with it, and it was a long time before it
pleased me at all.
I could make it spread, but it did not let down.
 And what would be the use of an umbrella that could not be
I do not know how many weeks I spent at this work. It was
play work rather than anything else, and I picked it up only
at odd times.
At last I had an umbrella that opened and shut just as an
I covered it with skins, with the hair on the outside. In the
rain it was as good as a shed. In the sun it made a pleasant
I could now go out in all kinds of weather. I need not care
whether the rain fell or the sun shone.
For the next five years I lived very quietly. I kept always
busy and did not allow myself to feel lonely.
I divided each day into parts according to my several
After reading in my Bible, it was my custom to spend about
three hours every morning in search of food. Through the
heat of the day, I busied myself in the shade of my castle
In the evening, when the sun was low, I worked in my fields.
But sometimes I went to work very early in the morning and
left my hunting until the afternoon.