|A Story of the Golden Age of Greek Heroes|
|by James Baldwin|
|This book paves the way to an enjoyable reading of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, by presenting the legends about the causes of the Trojan War woven into a continuous narrative, ending where the story of the Iliad begins. The youthful Odysseus is the hero, as he journeys to visit his grandfather Autolycus, then Nestor and Menelaus, hearing the old stories as he goes. Ages 8-12 |
THE AFTER WORD
 AND now, if you would learn more concerning the great
heroes of the Golden Age, you must read the noble poems
in which the story of their deeds is told. In the Iliad
of Homer, oldest and grandest of all poems written by
men, you will read of what befell the Greeks before the
walls of Troy,—of the daring of Diomede; of the
wisdom of Nestor; of the shrewdness of Odysseus; of the
foolish pride of Agamemnon; of the nobility of Hector;
of the grief of old King Priam; of the courage of
Achilles. In the Æneid of Virgil, you will read
of the last day of the long siege, and the fatal folly
of the Trojans; of crafty Sinon; of the sad end of
Laocoön, who dared suspect the object of the
wooden horse; of the destruction of the mighty city;
and of the wanderings of Æneas and the remnant of
the Trojans until they had founded a new city on the
far Lavinian shore. In the tragedies of Æschylus,
you will read of the return of the heroes
 of Greece; of
the sad death of Agamemnon in his own great
banquet-hall; of the wicked career of Clytemnestra; of
the terrible vengeance of Orestes; of what befell
Iphigenia in Tauris, and how she returned to her native
land. And in the Odyssey of Homer, second only to the
Iliad in grandeur, you will read of the strange
adventures of Odysseus; how he, storm-tossed and
wind-driven, strove for ten weary years to return to
Ithaca; how, after the fall of Troy,—
"He overcame the people of Ciconia; how he passed
thence to the rich fields of the race who feed upon the
lotus; what the Cyclops did, and how upon the Cyclops
he avenged the death of his brave comrades, whom the
wretch had piteously slaughtered and devoured; and how
he came to Æolus, and found a friendly welcome,
and was sent by him upon his voyage; yet 'twas not his
fate to reach his native land; a tempest caught his
fleet, and far across the fishy deep bore him away,
lamenting bitterly. And how he landed at Telepylus,
among the Læstrigonians, who destroyed his ships
and warlike comrades, he alone in his black ship
escaping." . . .
You will read, too, of how he was driven to land upon
the coast where Circe the sorceress dwelt, and
 how he
shrewdly dealt with her deceit and many arts:—
"And how he went to Hades' dismal realm in his good
galley, to consult the soul of him of Thebes, Tiresias,
and beheld all his lost comrades and his mother,—her
who brought him forth, and trained him when a child;
and how he heard the Sirens afterward, and how he came
upon the wandering rocks, the terrible Charybdis, and
the crags of Scylla,—which no man had ever passed in
safety; how his comrades slew for food the oxen of the
Sun; how mighty Zeus, the Thunderer, with a bolt of
fire from heaven smote his swift bark; and how, his
gallant crew all perished, he alone escaped with life.
And how he reached Ogygia's isle, and met the nymph
Calypso, who long time detained and fed him in her
vaulted grot, and promised that he ne'er should die,
nor know decay of age, through all the days to come;
yet moved she not the purpose of his heart. And how he
next through many hardships came to the
Phæacians, and they welcomed him and honored him
as if he were a god, and to his native country in a
bark sent him with ample gifts of brass and gold and
How he made himself known to old Eumæus the
 swineherd, and to his son Telemachus, and how his old
nurse, Eurycleia, knew him by the scar which he had
received when a boy from the wild boar on Mount
Parnassus. How he found his palace full of rude suitors
seeking the hand of faithful Penelope; and how, with
the great bow of Eurytus, he slew them all, and spared
. . ."Never shall the fame
Of his great valor perish; and the gods
Themselves shall frame, for those who dwell on earth,
Sweet strains in praise of sage Penelope."
NOTE 1.—ODYSSEUS AND HIS NURSE. Page 12.
 IN the Odyssey, Book I., lines 425-444, a similar incident is
related concerning Telemachus and Euryclcia. Many of the illustrations
of life and manners given in this volume have been taken,
with slight changes, from Homer.
It has not been thought necessary to make distinct
mention of such passages. The student of
Homer will readily recognize them.
NOTE 2.—APOLLO AND THE PYTHON. Page 43.
Readers of the "Story of Siegfried" cannot fail to notice the
resemblance of the legends relating to that hero, to some of
the myths of Apollo. Siegfried, like Apollo, was the bright being
whose presence dispelled the mists and the gloom of darkness.
He dwelt for a time in a mysterious but blessed region far to the
north. He was beneficent and kind to his friends, terrible to his
foes. Apollo's favorite weapons were his silver bow and silent
arrows; Siegfried's main dependence was in his sun-bright armor
and his wonderful sword Balmung. Apollo slew the Python, and
left it lying to enrich the earth; Siegfried slew Fafnir the dragon,
and seized its treasures for his own.—See
The Story of Siegfried.
NOTE 3.—SISYPHUS. Page 50.
"Yea, and I beheld Sisyphus in strong torment, grasping a
monstrous stone with both his hands. He was pressing thereat
 with hands and feet, and trying to roll the stone upward toward the
brow of the hill. But oft as he was about to hurl it over the top,
the weight would drive him back: so once again to the plain rolled
the stone, the shameless thing. And he once more kept heaving
and straining; and the sweat the while was pouring down his
limbs, and the dust rose upwards from his head."—Homer's
Odyssey, XI. 595.
NOTE 4.—A SON OF HERMES. Page 50.
Autolycus was said to have been a son of Hermes, doubtless on
account of his shrewdness and his reputation for thievery. Hermes
is sometimes spoken of as the god of thieves.
NOTE 5.—THE CHOICE OF HERACLES. Page 61.
This moral lesson is, of course, of much later date than that of
our story. It Is the invention of the Greek sophist Prodicus, who
was a contemporary of Socrates.
NOTE 6.—MELEAGER. Page 68.
Readers of the
"The Story of Roland"
will readily recognize several
points of resemblance between the legend of Meleager's childhood
and the story of Ogier the Dane. It is, indeed, probable that very
much of the latter is simply a mediæval adaptation of the
former.—See also the account of the three Norns in
The Story of Siegfried.
NOTE 7.—THE DEATH OF ASCLEPIUS. Page 91.
The story of Balder, as related in the Norse mythology, has
many points of resemblance to that of Asclepius. Balder, although
a being of a higher grade than Asclepius, was the friend and
benefactor of mankind. He was slain through the jealousy of the evil
one: his death was bewailed by all living beings, birds, beasts,
trees, and plants.—See
The Story of Siegfried.
NOTE 8.—PARIS AND OENONE. Page 109.
A very beautiful version of this story is to be found in Tennyson's
poem entitled "Œnone." It will well repay reading.
NOTE 9.—THE SWINEHERD'S STORY. Page 119.
This story was afterwards related to Odysseus under very
different circumstances. The curious reader is referred to the
Odyssey, Book XV., 390-485.
NOTE 10.—PRAYERS. Page 129.
"The gods themselves are placable, though far
Above us all in honor and in power
And virtue. We propiate them with vows,
Incenses, libations, and burnt-offerings,
And prayers for those who have offended. Prayers
Are daughters of almighty Jupiter,—
Lame, wrinkled, and squint-eyed,—that painfully
Follow Misfortune's steps; but strong of limb
And swift of foot Misfortune is, and, far
Outstripping all, comes first to every land,
And there wreaks evil on mankind, which Prayers
Do afterwards redress. Whoe'er receives
Jove's daughters reverently when they approach,
Him willingly they aid, and to his suit
They listen. Whosoever puts them by
With obstinate denial, they appeal
To Jove, the son of Saturn, and entreat
That he will cause Misfortune to attend
The offender's way in life, that he in turn
May suffer evil, and be punished thus."
The Iliad (Bryant's Translation), IX. 618-636.
A sacrifice to Poseidon similar to that described here is spoken
of in the Odyssey, III. 30-60.
NOTE 11.—THE LABORS OF HERCULES. Page 140.
It seems to have been one of the unexplainable decrees of fate,
that Heracles should serve Eurysthcus twelve years, and that at
his bidding he should perform the most difficult undertakings.
The account of the twelve labors of Heracles, undertaken by
command of his master, belongs to a later age than that of Homer.
The twelve labors were as follows:—
- The fight with the Nemean lion.
- The fight with the Lernæan hydra.
- Capture of the Arcadian stag.
- Destruction of the Erymanthian boar.
- Cleansing the stables of Augeas.
- Putting to flight the Harpies, or Stymphalian birds.
- Capture of the Cretan bull.
- Capture of the mares of Thracian Diomede.
- Seizure of the girdle of the queen of the Amazons.
- Capture of the oxen of Geryones.
- Fetching the golden apples of the Hesperides.
- Bringing Cerbcrus from the lower world.
NOTE 12. Page 151.
The description of the palace of Tyndareus given here has
many points of resemblance to the description of the palace of
Alcinous.—See Odyssey, VII. 85.
NOTE 13.—THE VENGEANCE OF ODYSSEUS. Page 221.
Palamedes, according to the ancient story, went to Troy with
the heroes, where he distinguished himself by his wisdom and
courage. But Odysseus, who could never forgive him, caused a
captive Phrygian to write to Palamedes a letter in the name of
Priam, and bribed a servant of Palamedes to conceal the letter
under his master's bed. He then accused Palamedes of treachery.
 Upon searching the tent, the letter was found, and Palamedes was
stoned to death. When Palamedes was led to death, he exclaimed,
"Truth, I lament thee, for thou hast died even before me!" There
are other stories as to the manner of the death of Palamedes. Some
say that Odysseus and Diomede induced him to descend into a
well, where they pretended they had discovered a treasure; and
when he was below, they cast stones upon him, and killed him.
Others state that he was drowned by them while fishing; and others
that he was killed by Paris with an arrow.—See Smith's
NOTE 14.—THE GARDEN OF LYCOMEDES. Page 230.
The curious reader may find in the description of the garden
of Alcinous (Odyssey, VII. 85, et seq.) some resemblance to the
description here given of the garden of Lycomedes.
NOTE 15.—THE CASKETS OF ZEUS. Page 233.
"Beside Jove's threshold stand
Two casks of gifts for man. One cask contains
The evil, one the good; and he to whom
The Thunderer gives them mingled sometimes falls
Into misfortune, and is sometimes crowned
With blessings. But the man to whom he gives
The evil only stands a mark exposed
To wrong, and, chased by grim calamity,
Wanders the teeming earth, alike unloved
by gods and men."
The Iliad, XXIV, 663-672.
NOTE 16.—DEATH OF AJAX. Page 258.
"The soul of Ajax, son of Telamon, alone stood apart, being
still angry for the victory wherein I prevailed against him, in the
suit by the ships concerning the arms of Achilles that his lady
mother had set for a prize; and the sons of the Trojans made
award and Pallas Athené. Would that I had never prevailed
and won such a prize!"—Odyssey, XI. 544-548.
INDEX TO PROPER NAMES
 [The figures in parentheses indicate the page or pages on which the name receives fullest mention.]
Acarnānīa (3, 72), the most western province of Hellas.
Acastus (92), son of Pelias, king of Iolcos; he was slain by Peleus.
Achaia (5), the northern coast of Peloponnesus.
Achilles (91, 109, 225-236, 246, 255), son of Peleus and the sea-nymph Thetis. The chief hero among the Hellenes.
Actæon (87), a celebrated huntsman. He was changed by Artemis into a stag, and torn to pieces by his own dogs.
Admetus (90, 166), king of Pheræ in Thessaly.
Æson (80), son of Cretheus, and father of Jason. He was excluded from the kingship of Iolcos by his half-brother Pelias.
Ætolia (5), a country north of the Corinthian Gulf (Bay of Crissa), and east of Acarnania.
Agamemnon (150, 233, 238, 251), king of Mycenæ, and commander-in-chief of the Hellenic forces in the war against Troy.
Ajax Telamon, sometimes called the greater Ajax (150, 234, 257), son of Telamon, king of Salamis. He was a nephew of Peleus, and hence a cousin of Achilles.
Ajax Oileus, sometimes called the lesser Ajax (151, 234), son of Oileus, king of the Locrians.
Alcestis (166), daughter of Pelias, and wife of Admetus.
Alpheus (132), a river which flows through Arcadia and Elis.
Althea (65), the mother of Meleager.
Amphithea (53), grandmother of Odysseus.
Amphitryon (55), the stepfather of Heracles.
Anticleia (2, 219), daughter of Autolycus, and mother of Odysseus.
Antilochus (131, 151), son of Nestor.
Aphāreus (125, 187), founder of the town of Arene in Messene, and father of Idas and Lynceus.
Aphrodīte (99-110, 160), goddess of love and beauty.
Apollo (37-46, 189, 208), son of Zeus and Leto. He was the god of prophecy and of music and song, the punisher of evil, and the helper of men.
Arcadia (5, 132), a country in the middle of Peloponnesus.
Ares (233), the god of war. Mars.
Arethusa (133), a sea-nymph.
Argo (2, 89), the ship upon which Jason and his companions sailed to Colchis.
Argolis, see Argos.
Argonauts (2, 67), "the sailors of the Argo."
Argos (2, 5), a name frequently applied by Homer to the whole of the Peloponnesus. A district north of Laconia, often called Argolis.
Argus (196), a monster having a hundred eyes, appointed by Here to be the guardian of Io.
Artĕmis (134, 239), daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin-sister of Apollo. She was the goddess of the chase, and the protectress of the young and helpless. Diana.
Asclepius (87-90), son of Apollo, and god of the healing art. Æsculapius.
Atalanta (68, 162), daughter of Iasus and Clymene; the fleet-footed wife of Milanion.
Athēné (10,14, 99-105), goddess of wisdom, and "queen of the air;" often called Pallas Athene. Minerva.
Atropos (66, 98), one of the Fates.
Aulis (233, 239-251), a harbor in Bœotia, on the Euripus.
Autolycus (48), the grandfather of Odysseus.
Balios and Xanthos (97), the horses of Peleus.
Bœōtia, a district north of the Corinthian Gulf, bounded on the east by Euripus, and on the west by Phocis.
Bosphŏrus (197), the "ox ford," the strait connecting the Sea of Marmora with the Black (Euxine) Sea.
Cadmus (217), a Phœnician who settled in Hellas, and founded the city of Thebes. He is said to have brought the alphabet from Phœnicia.
Calchas (225, 241-252), the wisest soothysayer among the Hellenes. He died of grief because the soothsayer Mopsus predicted things which he had not foreseen.
Calydōn (66-76), an ancient town and district of Ætolia, on the Evenus River.
Castor (56, 68, 146, 185), twin-brother of Polydeuces.
Centaurs (84-86), an ancient race inhabiting Mount Pelion and the neighboring districts of Thessaly.
Cephallenia (183), a large island near Ithaca.
Charybdis (155), a dreadful whirlpool on the side of a narrow strait opposite Scylla.
Cheiron (58, 78, 170), a Centaur, "the wisest of men," and the teacher of the heroes.
Chryse (252), an island in the Ægæan Sea; also a city on the coast of Asia Minor, south of Troy.
Circe (270), daughter of Helios, a sorceress who lived in the island of Ææa.
Cleopatra (67-76), wife of Meleager.
Clotho (66, 98), one of the Fates.
Clytemnestra (152, 242-252), daughter of Tyndareus and Leda, and sister of Castor and Polydeuces and Helen. She was married to Agamemnon, and became the mother of Iphigenia and Orestes.
Colchis (2, 87-89), a country of Asia, at the eastern extremity of the Black Sea.
Copāis (40), a lake in Bœotia.
Corinth (5, 49, 110), a city on the isthmus between the Corinthian Gulf and the Ægæan Sea.
Corycia (51), a nymph who lived on Mount Parnassus.
Crissa (5, 29), the ancient name of the Gulf of Corinth; also the name of a town in Phocis.
Cronus (11, 182), the youngest of the Titans, and the father of Zeus. Saturn.
Cythēra (165), an island off the south-western point of Laconia.
Deianeira (142, 171-181), wife of Heracles.
Delos (38), the smallest of the Cyclades islands in the Ægæan Sea.
Delphi (5, 30-45), a town on the southern slope of Mount Parnassus.
Deucălion (200), son of Prometheus, and father of Hellen.
Diomēde (151, 235), son of Tydeus, and king of Argos.
Dodona (171, 225), an ancient oracle of Hellas, situated in Epirus in a grove of oaks and beeches.
Echion (61, 76), son of Autolycus.
Elis (125), a country on the western coast of the Peloponnesus, south of Achaia.
Epaphos (16, 198), son of Zeus and Io.
Eris (98), the goddess of discord.
Erymanthus (139), a mountain in Arcadia.
Eubœa, the largest island of the Ægæan Sea, separated from Bœotia by the Euripus.
Eumæus (114-119), the swineherd of Ithaca.
Euripus (233), the narrow strait between Eubœa and Bœotia.
Eurycleia (12), the nurse of Odysseus and of Telemachus.
Eurystheus (138), the master of Heracles, king of Argolis.
Eurytion (71, 92), king of Phthia.
Eurytion (85), a Centaur.
Eurytus (55,136-144), king of Œchalia.
Evēnus (176), a river in Ætolia.
Ganymēdes (208), the most beautiful of mortals, son of Tros.
Glaucus (25), a fisherman who became immortal by eating of the divine herb which Cronus had sown.
Gorgons (27), three daughters of Phorcys and Ceto.
Gray Sisters (26), daughters of Phorcys.
Hades (89, 170), the god of the lower regions. Pluto.
Hēbē (98), the goddess of youth.
Hector (101, 255), son of Priam; the chief hero of the Trojans.
Helen (145-162, 216, 267), daughter of Tyndareus and Leda of Lacedæmon, represented in mythology as the daughter of Zeus and Leda. "The most beautiful woman in the world."
Hĕlĕnus (258), son of Priam, soothsayer of the Trojans.
Hēlios (5, 15-19), the god of the sun. Sol.
Hellas, the name which the Greeks applied to their country. Greece.
Hellen (203), son of Deucalion and Pyrrha, and ancestor of all the Hellenes.
Hephæstus (90, 160, 193), the god of fire. Vulcan.
Hērē (99-105), the wife of Zeus. Juno.
Heracles (55, 87-90, 138-144, 169-181, 211-214), the most celebrated of all the old heroes. Hercules.
Hermes (100-104, 196), the herald of the gods, son of Zeus and Maia. Mercury.
Hēsiŏne (210-213), the sister of Priam.
Hesperia (19), "the western land."
Hesperides (5, 27, 139), guardians of the golden apples which Earth gave to Here on her marriage day—said by some to be the daughters of Phorcys and Ceto.
Hippodameia (84, 167), wife of Peirithous.
Hyllus (176), son of Heracles.
Hyperboreans (6, 39), a people living in the far North.
Iasus (163), an Arcadian, father of Atalanta.
Icarius (155, 162), brother of Tyndareus, and father of Penelope.
Ida (102-109, 208), a mountain-range of Mysia in Asia Minor, east of Troy.
Idas (67, 185), "the boaster," son of Aphareus, and father of Cleopatra.
Idŏmĕneus (151, 215, 235), king of Crete.
Ilios (206-214, 253), a name applied to the district in which Troy was situated. Ilium.
Ilus (208), son of Dardanus.
Inachus (196), the first king of Argos.
Io (196-199), daughter of Inachus, and mother of Epaphos from whom was descended Heracles.
Iolcos (77-110), an ancient town of Thessaly at the head of the Pegasæan Gulf.
Iole (138-144, 173-181), daughter of Eurytus of Œchalia, beloved by Heracles.
Iphigenīa (242-252), daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra.
Iphitus (136-153, 172), son of Eurytus, one of the Argonauts.
Ithaca (1, 113), a small island in the Ionian Sea, the birthplace of Odysseus.
Jason (2, 68, 87), leader of the Argonauts.
Lacedæmon (5, 145-169, 189-204), a district of Laconia in which was situated Sparta. The name is also applied to the town of Sparta.
Lachĕsis (66), one of the Fates.
Laconia (5, 145), a country in the south-east of Peloponnesus.
Laertes (2, 182), king of Ithaca, father of Odysseus.
Laodamīa (254), daughter of Acastus, and wife of Protesilaus.
Laŏmĕdon (208-214), king of Troy, father of Priam.
Lăpiths (84), a people inhabiting the country adjoining Mount Pelion in Thessaly.
Leda (146), wife of Tyndareus of Lacedæmon.
Lemnos (253, 260), an island in the Ægæan Sea.
Lichas (174-179), the herald of Heracles.
Linus (56), a musician, brother of Orpheus.
Lycomēdes (228), king of Scyros.
Lydia (173), a district of Asia Minor.
Lynceus (185), son of Aphareus, brother of Idas.
Machāon (151, 262), son of Asclepius, the surgeon of the Greeks in the Trojan war.
Medēa (89), daughter of Æétes, king of Colchis, celebrated for her skill in magic.
Medusa (27), one of the Gorgons.
Meleāger (66-76), son of Oineus and Althea, husband of Cleopatra.
Menelāus (150, 234), brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen.
Messēne (120),a country in the south-western part of the Peloponnnesus.
Milanion (163), the husband of Atalanta.
Mycēnæ (150), an ancient town in Argolis.
Mysia (239), a country in Asia Minor.
Nedon (131), a river of Messene.
Nēleus (125, 173), son of Poseidon and Tyro, brother of Pelias, and father of Nestor.
Nessus (176), a Centaur, ferryman at the River Evenus.
Nestor (125, 235), king of Pylos, son of Neleus.
Nireus (151, 160, 235), one of the heroes of the Trojan war.
Ocĕănus (194), god of the Ocean.
Odysseus, the hero of this story, son of Laertes, husband of Penelope. Ulysses.
Œchālia (138, 174), a town supposed to be somewhere in Eubœa.
Œnōne (103, 263), daughter of the river-god Cebren, and wife of Paris.
Œta (171, 180) a rugged pile of mountains in the south of Thessaly.
Oineus (65), king of Pleuron and Calydon.
Olympus (5, 79), a mountain in Thessaly, on the summit of which Zeus held his court.
Omphalé (173), a queen of Lydia.
Orestes (244), son of Agamemnon.
Orpheus (248), the greatest of the old musicians.
Orsilochus (129, 134), son of Alpheus, king of Messene.
Ortygia (134), an island near the coast of Sicily.
Palamēdes (166, 217-224), son of Nauplius, king of Eubœa.
Pallas Athene, see Athene.
Paris (101-110, 204-216), son of Priam of Troy.
Parnassus (5, 30-36, 201), a mountain, or group of mountains, a few miles north of the Corinthian Gulf.
Patrŏclus (227, 234), the friend of Achilles.
Peirĭthŏus (84, 167), king of the Lapiths, son of Ixion and Dia.
Pēleus (71, 91-100, 227), son of Æacus and Endeis the daughter of Cheiron.
Pĕlĭas (80, 125), son of Poseidon and Tyro, and brother of Neleus. He made himself king of Iolcos, by excluding his half-brother Æson from the throne.
Pēlĭon (79-110), a lofty mountain in Thessaly not far from Iolcos.
Peloponnesus, all that part of Hellas south of the Corinthian Gulf (Bay of Crissa).
Pĕnĕlŏpē (152, 162-168), daughter of Icarius, cousin of Helen, and wife of Odysseus.
Perseus (27), one of the older heroes, son of Zeus and Danaë.
Phăĕthon (15-19), son of Helios and Clymene.
Phēmius (3, 14), a celebrated minstrel.
Pherae, or Pharæ (130-144), an ancient town in Messene on the river Nedon. Also (90), a town in Thessaly of which Admetus was king.
Philoctētes (159, 180, 252, 260-263), a friend of Heracles, and the most celebrated archer in the Trojan war.
Phorcys (20-27), "the old man of the sea."
Phthia (92), a district in the south-east of Thessaly.
Polydeuces (146, 185), brother of Castor and Helen. Pollux.
Poseidon (22-27, 208), the god of the sea. Neptune.
Priam (101, 207-214), the last king of Troy, son of Laomedon, and father of Hector and Paris.
Promētheus (191-203), a Titan, son of Iapetus, the friend of man.
Protesilāus (254), a hero from Phylace in Thessaly.
Proteus (23), the prophetic shepherd of the sea.
Pylos (125-131), a town on the south-west coast of Messene.
Pyrrha (201), the wife of Deucalion.
Pyrrhus (259-262), the son of Achilles, also called Neoptolemus.
Pythia (34), a name applied to the priestess of Apollo at Delphi.
Rhadamanthus (6, 56), son of Zeus and Europa, and judge and ruler in the Islands of the Blest.
Scandia (164), a harbor in Cythera.
Scylla (155), a monster with six heads, which guarded one side of a narrow strait.
Scyros (228, 259), a small island east of Eubœa.
Sinon (265), a grandson of Autolycus, and cousin of Odysseus.
Sisyphus (49), son of Ælus. He is said to have built the town of Ephyra, afterward Corinth.
Sparta, see Lacedæmon.
Stymphālus (139), a town in the north-east of Arcadia.
Syma (151), a small island off the south-western coast of Caria in Asia Minor.
Syria, or Syra (115), one of the Cyclades islands.
Talthybius (250), the herald of Agamemnon.
Tāygĕtes (149, 185), a lofty range of mountains between Laconia and Messene.
Tĕlămŏn (214), son of Æacus and Endeis, and brother of Peleus, king of Salamis. He was the father of Ajax by Peribœa, his second wife; after the death of Peribœa, he married Hesione, the sister of Priam.
Tēlĕmăchus (219), the son of Odysseus and Penelope.
Telephus (239, 241, 252), son of Heracles and Auge, and king of Mysia.
Theseus (147), the great hero of Attica, and king of Athens.
Thessaly, the largest division of Hellas.
Thetis (95), a sea-nymph, wife of Peleus, and mother of Achilles.
Tilphussa (40), a nymph dwelling at Lake Copais.
Tiryns (143), a city in Argolis, not far from Mycenæ.
Trāchis (143, 171), a town of Thessaly.
Trophonius (41), one of the architects of the temple at Delphi.
Tyndărĕus (146-169, 184-188), king of Lacedæmon.
Zacynthus (183), an island west of Messene.
Zeus (182, 191), son of Cronus, "the ruler of gods and men." Jupiter.
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