| By Pond and River|
|by Arabella Buckley|
|Second volume in the Eyes and No Eyes series, introduces children to the variety of plant and animal life around ponds and rivers. Through life stories of frogs, dragon-flies, fish, water-bugs, water birds, otters, and voles, children's interest in water creatures is awakened. An exhibit of water plants at a flower show concludes the volume. Seven color illustrations and numerous black and white drawings complement the text. 5.5 x 8.5 inches. Ages 8-10 |
 WHEN Wednesday came, Peggy's pan was ready. She had
taken it to the pond and dipped it gently under the
duckweed. She brought it up quite full, and picked it
over very carefully, leaving only the best plants. Then
she carried it to the show-room.
There she put the yellow lily into the middle of the
pan, so that the flower, and the stalk with the
seed-vessel, fitted into the hollow between the ears of
the large green leaf just at the leaf-stalk. Next she
put pieces of the water-crowfoot here and there, the
pretty white blossoms streaked with yellow resting upon
the top of the water.
She stuck two spikes of bog-bean, with their leaves,
one on each side of the water-lily. Lastly, she put
spikes of the water-milfoil round the edge of the pan.
Their leaves made little green stars in the water all
the way round, and their tiny pink flower-spikes made a
Then she wrote her card. This is what she said:
1. The yellow water-lily grows in the pond near the
farm. It has a thick stem rooted in the mud down at the
bottom. I saw it once when they cleaned the pond. We
see nothing on top of the water in March. But in May
 shining green leaves have grown to the top of the
water on long stalks. They are shaped rather like
heart, but are pointed at the tip.
In June the buds come up. They are like green knobs
tipped with yellow. But as they grow bigger, the five
outer leaves, or sepals, open, and they are quite
yellow inside. Then we can see the small inner
flower-leaves, or petals, arranged in two rows; after
them come a number of stamens, made of thin threads,
with dust-bags on the top. Then right in the middle is
the seed-box, or ovary. It is shaped like a
water-bottle with a round cushion on the top, and has a
number of sticky points, which lie on the cushion in
the shape of a star. Little beetles are often found
 in the flowers. They fly in, and suck the honey at
the back of the petals.
2. The water-crowfoot grows in our pond. It is a kind
of buttercup. It has five outer green leaves, or
sepals. They turn back against the stem when the flower
is open. They often fall off. There are five white
petals. They are streaked with yellow near the middle
of the flower, where there are drops of honey. After
the petals, come many stamens, and then, in the middle
of the flower, a number of seed-boxes, each with one
WATER-BUTTERCUP, WITH ITS TWO KINDS OF LEAVES.
The water-crowfoot has two kinds of leaves. The leaves
which float on top of the water are flat and cut into
three half rounds. The leaves under water are cut into
threads and spread out on all sides.
 3. There is a great deal of duckweed in our pond. Each
plant has one little root in the water and a kind of
stem at the top. It has no leaves. The tiny flowers
sometimes come out of a slit in the side of the stem.
Each flower is nothing but two dust-spikes and a tiny
4. The bog-bean, or duck-bean, is nearly out of flower
now. It grows at the edge of the pond , and its leaves
are cut into three long parts. The pinkish flowers
stand out on little stalks upon a tall stem. They are
cup-shaped, with five points, and have a number of
white hairs inside.
5. The water-milfoil grows almost all under water. Only
the small pink flowers stand in a spike out in the air.
The flowers at the top of the spike have only stamens
in them. Lower down some have both dust-bags and
seed-boxes. The ones at the bottom have seed-boxes, or
ovaries, only. Milfoil leaves are narrow, like grass,
but quite short. They stand round the stem like the
spokes of a wheel, or the rays of a star.
Peggy's water-nosegay and show-card won the prize.
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