HOW THE HEATHEN AND THE FRENCH PREPARED FOR BATTLE
LIVER climbed to the top of a hill, and saw from thence the whole army of the heathen. He cried to Roland his
companion, "I hear a great sound of men coming by way of Spain, and I see the flashing of arms. We men of
France shall have no small trouble there from. This is the doing of Ganelon the traitor."
"Be silent," answered Roland, "till you shall know; say no more about him."
Oliver looked from the hilltop, and saw how the Saracens came on. So many there were that he could not count
their battalions. He descended to the plain with all speed, and came to the array of the French, and said, "I
have seen more heathen than man ever yet saw together upon the earth. There are a
 hundred thousand at the least. We shall have such a battle with them as has never before been fought. My
brethren of France, quit you like men, be strong; stand firm that you be not conquered." And all the army
shouted with one voice, "Cursed be he that shall fly."
Then Oliver turned to Roland, and said, "Sound your horn, my friend, Charles will hear it, and will return." "I
were a fool," answered Roland, "so to do. Not so; but I will deal these heathen some mighty blows with Durendal
my sword. They have been ill-advised to venture into these passes. I swear that they are condemned to death one
After a while, Oliver said again, "Friend Roland, sound your horn of ivory. Then will the King return, and
bring his army with him, to our help." But Roland answered again, "I will not do dishonour to my kinsmen, or to
the fair land of France. I have my sword; that shall suffice for me. These evil-minded heathen are gathered
together against us to their own hurt. Surely not one of them shall escape from death." "As for me," said
Oliver, "I see not where the dishonour would be. I saw the valleys and the mountains covered with the great
multitude of Saracens.
 Theirs is, in truth, a mighty array, and we are but few." "So much the better," answered Roland. "It makes my
courage grow. 'Tis better to die than to be disgraced. And remember, the harder our blows the more the King
will love us."
Roland was brave, but Oliver was wise. "Consider," he said, "comrade. These enemies are over-near to us, and
the King over-far. Were he here, we should not be in danger; but there are some here to-day who will never
fight in another battle."
Then Turpin the Archbishop struck spurs into his horse, and rode to a hilltop. Then he turned to the men of
France, and spake: "Lords of France, King Charles has left us here; our King he is, and it is our duty to die
for him. To-day our Christian Faith is in peril: do ye fight for it. Fight ye must; be sure of that, for there
under your eyes are the Saracens. Confess, therefore, your sins, and pray to God that He have mercy upon you.
And now for your soul's health I will give you all absolution. If you die, you will be God's martyrs, every one
of you, and your places are ready for you in His Paradise."
Thereupon the men of France dismounted, and knelt upon the ground, and the Archbishop
 blessed them in God's name. "But look," said he, "I set you a penance—smite these pagans." Then the men of
France rose to their feet. They had received absolution, and were set free from all their sins, and the
Archbishop had blessed them in the name of God. After this they mounted their swift steeds, and clad themselves
in armour, and made themselves ready for the battle.
Said Roland to Oliver, "Brother, you know that it is Ganelon who has betrayed us. Good store he has had of gold
and silver as a reward; 'tis the King Marsilas that has made merchandise of us, but verily it is with our
swords that he shall be paid." So saying, he rode on to the pass, mounted on his good steed Veillantif. His
spear he held with the point to the sky; a white flag it bore with fringes of gold which fell down to his
hands. A stalwart man was he, and his countenance was fair and smiling. Behind him followed Oliver, his
friend; and the men of France pointed to him, saying, "See our champion! "Pride was in his eye when he looked
towards the Saracens; but to the men of France his regard was all sweetness and humility. Full courteously he
spake to them: "Ride not so fast, my lords," he said; "verily these heathen are come hither, seeking
 martyrdom. 'Tis a fair spoil that we shall gather from them to-day. Never has King of France gained any so
rich." And as he spake, the two hosts came together.
Said Oliver, "You did not deem it fit, my lord, to sound your horn. Therefore you lack the help which the King
would have sent. Not his the blame, for he knows nothing of what has chanced. But do you, lords of France,
charge as fiercely as you may, and yield not one whit to the enemy. Think upon these two things only—how to
deal a straight blow and to take it. And let us not forget King Charles's cry of battle." Then all the men of
France with one voice cried out, "Mountjoy!" He that heard them so cry had never doubted that they were men of
valour. Proud was their array as they rode on to battle, spurring their horses that they might speed the more.
And the Saracens, on their part, came forward with a good heart. Thus did the Frenchmen and the heathen meet in
the shock of battle.