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HOW ROLAND SOUNDED HIS HORN
OUNT ROLAND saw how grievously his people had suffered and spake thus to Oliver his comrade: "Dear comrade,
you see how many brave men lie dead upon the ground. Well may we mourn for Fair France, widowed as she is of so
many valiant champions. But why is our King not here? O Oliver, my brother, what shall we do to send him
tidings of our state?" "I know not," answered Oliver. "Only this I know—that death is to be chosen rather than
After a while Roland said again, "I shall blow my horn; King Charles will hear it, where he has encamped beyond
the passes, and he and his host will come back." "That would be ill done," answered Oliver, "and shame both you
and your race. When I gave you this counsel you would have none of it.
 Now I like it not. 'Tis not for a brave man to sound the horn and cry for help now that we are in such case."
"The battle is too hard for us," said Roland again, "and I shall sound my horn, that the King may hear." And
Oliver answered again, "When I gave you this counsel, you scorned it. Now I myself like it not. 'Tis true that
had the King been here, we had not suffered this loss. But the blame is not his. 'Tis your folly, Count Roland,
that has done to death all these men of France. But for that we should have conquered in this battle, and have
taken and slain King Marsilas. But now we can do nothing for France and the King. We can but die. Woe is me for
our country, aye, and for our friendship, which will come to a grievous end this day."
The Archbishop had perceived that the two were at variance, and spurred his horse till he came where they
stood. "Listen to me," he said, "Sir Roland and Sir Oliver. I implore you not to fall out with each other in
this fashion. We, sons of France, that are in this place, are of a truth condemned to death, neither will the
sounding of your horn save us, for the King is far away, and cannot come in time. Nevertheless, I hold it to be
 you should sound it. When the King and his army shall come, they will find us dead—that I know full well. But
they will avenge us, so that our enemies shall not go away rejoicing. And they will also recover our bodies,
and will carry them away for burial in holy places, so that the dogs and wolves shall not devour them."
"You say well," cried Roland, and he put his horn to his lips, and gave so mighty a blast upon it, that the
sound was heard thirty leagues away. King Charles and his men heard it, and the King said, "Our countrymen are
fighting with the enemy." But Ganelon answered, "Sire, had any but you so spoken, I had said that he spoke
Then Roland blew his horn a second time; with great pain and anguish of body he blew it, and the red blood
gushed from his lips; but the sound was heard yet further than at first. The King heard it, and all his nobles,
and all his men. "That," said he, "is Roland's horn; he never had sounded it were he not in battle with the
enemy." But Ganelon answered again: "Believe me, Sire, there is no battle. You are an old man, and you have
the fancies of a child. You know what a mighty man of valour is this Roland. Think you that any
 one would dare to attack him? No one, of a truth. Ride on, Sire, why halt you here? The fair land of France is
yet far away."
Roland blew his horn a third time, and when the King heard it he said, "He that blew that horn drew a deep
breath." And Duke Naymes cried out, "Roland is in trouble; on my conscience he is fighting with the enemy. Some
one has betrayed him; 'tis he, I doubt not, that would deceive you now. To arms, Sire! utter your war-cry, and
help your own house and your country. You have heard the cry of the noble Roland."
Then King Charles bade all the trumpets sound, and forthwith all the men of France armed themselves, with
helmets, and hauberks, and swords with pummels of gold. Mighty were their shields, and their lances strong, and
the flags that they carried were white and red and blue. And when they made an end of their arming they rode
back with all haste. There was not one of them but said to his comrade, "If we find Roland yet alive, what
mighty strokes will we strike for him!"
But Ganelon the King handed over to the knaves of his kitchen. "Take this traitor," said he, "who has sold his
country." Ill did Ganelon fare among them. They pulled out
 his hair and his beard and smote him with their staves; then they put a great chain, such as that with which a
bear is bound, about his neck, and made him fast to a pack-horse.
This done, the King and his army hastened with all speed to the help of Roland. In the van and the rear sounded
the trumpets as though they would answer Roland's horn. Full of wrath was King Charles as he rode; full of
wrath were all the men of France. There was not one among them but wept and sobbed; there was not one but
prayed, "Now, may God keep Roland alive till we come to the battlefield, so that we may strike a blow for him."
Alas! it was all in vain; they could not come in time for all their speed.