THE ORIGIN OF FRANCIS LOLONOIS
Of the origin of Francis Lolonois, and the beginning of his robberies.
 FRANCIS LOLONOIS was a native of that territory in France which is called Les Sables d'Olone, or The Sands of Olone.
In his youth he was transported to the Caribbean islands, in quality of servant, or slave, according
to custom; of which we have already spoken. Being out of his time, he came to Hispaniola; here he
joined for some time with the hunters, before he began his robberies upon the Spaniards, which I
shall now relate, till his unfortunate death.
At first he made two or three voyages as a common mariner, wherein he behaved himself so
courageously as to gain the favour of the governor of Tortuga, Monsieur de la Place; insomuch that
he gave him a ship, in which he might seek his fortune, which was very favourable to him at first;
for in a short time he got great riches. But his cruelties against the Spaniards were such, that the
fame of them made him so well known through the Indies, that the Spaniards, in his time, would
choose rather to die, or sink fighting, than surrender, knowing they should have no mercy at his
hands. But Fortune,
 being seldom constant, after some time turned her back; for in a huge storm he lost his ship on the
coast of Campeche. The men were all saved, but coming upon dry land, the Spaniards pursued them, and
killed the greatest part, wounding also Lolonois. Not knowing how to escape, he saved his life by a
stratagem; mingling sand with the blood of his wounds, with which besmearing his face, and other
parts of his body, and hiding himself dexterously among the dead, he continued there till the
Spaniards quitted the field.
They being gone, he retired to the woods, and bound up his wounds as well as he could. These being
pretty well healed, he took his way to Campeche, having disguised himself in a Spanish habit; here
he enticed certain slaves, to whom he promised liberty if they would obey him and trust to his
conduct. They accepted his promises, and stealing a canoe, they went to sea with him. Now the
Spaniards, having made several of his companions prisoners, kept them close in a dungeon, while
Lolonois went about the town and saw what passed. These were often asked, "What is become of your
captain?" To whom they constantly answered, "He is dead:" which rejoiced the Spaniards, who made
bonfires, and, knowing nothing to the contrary, gave thanks to God for their deliverance from such a
cruel pirate. Lolonois, having seen these rejoicings for his death, made haste to escape, with the
slaves above-mentioned, and came safe to Tortuga, the common
 refuge of all sorts of wickedness, and the seminary, as it were, of pirates and thieves. Though now
his fortune was low, yet he got another ship with craft and subtlety, and in it twenty-one men.
Being well provided with arms and necessaries, he set forth for Cuba, on the south whereof is a
small village, called De los Cayos. The inhabitants drive a great trade in tobacco, sugar, and
hides, and all in boats, not being able to use ships, by reason of the little depth of that sea.
Lolonois was persuaded he should get here some considerable prey; but by the good fortune of some
fishermen who saw him, and the mercy of God, they escaped him: for the inhabitants of the town
dispatched immediately a vessel overland to the Havannah, complaining that Lolonois was come to
destroy them with two canoes. The governor could very hardly believe this, having received letters
from Campeche that he was dead: but, at their importunity, he sent a ship to their relief, with ten
guns, and ninety men, well armed; giving them this express command, "that they should not return
into his presence without having totally destroyed those pirates." To this effect he gave them a
negro to serve for a hangman, and orders, "that they should immediately' hang every one of the
pirates, excepting Lolonois, their captain, whom they should bring alive to the Havannah." This ship
arrived at Cayos, of whose coming the pirates were advertised beforehand, and instead of flying,
went to seek it in the river Estera,
 where she rode at anchor. The pirates seized some fishermen, and forced them by night to show them
the entry of the port, hoping soon to obtain a greater vessel than their two canoes, and thereby to
mend their fortune. They arrived, after two in the morning, very nigh the ship; and the watch on
board the ship asking them, whence they came, and if they had seen any pirates abroad? They caused
one, of the prisoners to answer, they had seen no pirates, nor anything else. Which answer made them
believe that they were fled upon hearing of their coming.
But they soon found the contrary, for about break of day the pirates assaulted the vessel on both
sides, with their two canoes, with such vigour, that though the Spaniards behaved themselves as they
ought, and made as good defence as they could, making some use of their great guns, yet they were
forced to surrender, being beaten by the pirates, with sword in hand, down under the hatches. From
hence Lolonois commanded them to be brought up, one by one, and in this order caused their heads to
be struck off: among the rest came up the negro, designed to be the pirates' executioner; this
fellow implored mercy at his hands very dolefully, telling Lolonois he was constituted hangman of
that ship, and if he would spare him, he would tell him faithfully all that he should desire.
Lolonois, making him confess what he thought fit, commanded him to be murdered with the rest. Thus
he cruelly and barbarously put them all to
 death, reserving only one alive, whom he sent back to the governor of the Havannah, with this
message in writing: "I shall never henceforward give quarter to any Spaniard whatsoever; and I have
great hopes I shall execute on your own person the very same punishment I have done upon them you
sent against me. Thus I have retaliated the kindness you designed to me and my companions." The
governor, much troubled at this sad news, swore, in the presence of many, that he would never grant
quarter to any pirate that should fall into his hands. But the citizens of the Havannah desired him
not to persist in the execution of that rash and rigorous oath, seeing the pirates would certainly
take occasion from thence to do the same, and they had an hundred times more opportunity of revenge
than he; that being necessitated to get their livelihood by fishery, they should hereafter always be
in danger of their lives. By these reasons he was persuaded to bridle his anger, and remit the
severity of his oath.
Now Lolonois had got a good ship, but very few provisions and people in it; to purchase both which,
he resolved to cruise from one port to another. Doing thus, for some time, without success, he
determined to go to the port of Maracaibo. Here he surprised a ship laden with plate, and other
merchandises, outward bound, to buy cocoanuts. With this prize he returned to Tortuga, where he was
received with joy by the inhabitants; they congratulating his happy success, and
 their own private interest. He stayed not long there, but designed to equip a fleet sufficient to
transport five hundred men, and necessaries. Thus provided, he resolved to pillage both cities,
towns, and villages, and finally, to take Maracaibo itself. For this purpose he knew the island of
Tortuga would afford him many resolute and courageous men, fit for such enterprises: besides, he had
in his service several prisoners well acquainted with the ways and places designed upon.