PHILIP BEGINS HIS CONQUESTS
AS we have already seen, when Philip found himself in
the wrong, he was not afraid to admit his mistake, and
to try to do better. He was also very patient and
forgiving. On one occasion he heard that a man named
Nicanor was always speaking ill of him.
 He therefore sent for the man, who came in fear and
trembling, thinking that the king would either imprison
or slay him. Philip, however, received him kindly, made
him sit at his own table, and let him go only after
giving him many rich gifts. As the king had not found
fault with him in any way, Nicanor was greatly
surprised, and vowed that he would not speak another
word against so generous a man.
As soon as Philip had made sure of his authority at
home, drilled his army, and piled up enough gold, he
began to carry out his bold plans. First of all, he
wished to subdue a few of his most unruly neighbors,
such as the Thracians and Olynthians.
An archer named Aster came to him just before he began
this war. This man offered his help to the king, and
began to boast how well he could shoot. Philip, who
believed only in spears for fighting, sent the man
away, after saying that he would call for his help when
he began to war against starlings and other birds.
This answer made Aster so angry that he went over to
the enemy and enlisted in their ranks. Philip soon came
to besiege the city where Aster was stationed; and as
soon as the archer heard of it, he got an arrow upon
which he wrote, "To Philip's left eye."
Aster then went up on the wall, took careful aim, and
actually put out the king's left eye. Philip was so
angry when he heard of the writing on the arrow, that
he ordered another shot into the city. On this arrow
was written, "If Philip takes the city, he will hang
The city was taken, and the archer hung; for Philip
 always prided himself upon keeping promises of this
kind. The Olynthians, finding that they would not be
able to resist long, now wrote a letter to the
Athenians, begging them to come to their rescue.
The Athenians read the letter in the public square, so
that every one could hear it, and then began to discuss
whether they should send any help. As was always the
case, some were for, and others against, the plan, and
there was much talking. Among the best speakers of the
city was the orator Demosthenes, a very
clear-sighted man, who suspected Philip's designs. He
therefore warmly advised the Athenians to do all they
could to oppose the Macedonian king, so as to prevent
his ever getting a foothold in Greece. Indeed, he spoke
so eloquently and severely against Philip, and told the
people so plainly that the king was already plotting to
harm them, that violent speeches directed against any
one have ever since been called "Philippics," like
these orations against the King of Macedon.