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THE PEACE OF ANTALCIDAS
 THE Athenians hated the Spartans, and were only waiting
for an excuse to make war against them: so they were
only too glad to accept the bribe which Artaxerxes
offered, and were paid with ten thousand Persian coins
on which was stamped the figure of an archer.
As soon as the Spartan ephors heard that the Athenians
had revolted, they sent a message to Agesilaus to tell
him to come home. The Spartan king was about to deal a
crushing blow to the Persians, but he was forced to
obey the summons. As he embarked he dryly said, "I
could easily have beaten the whole Persian army, and
still ten thousand Persian archers have forced me to
give up all my plans.
The Thebans joined the Athenians in this revolt, so
Agesilaus was very indignant against them too. He
energetically prepared for war, and met the combined
Athenian and Theban forces at Coronea, where he
defeated them completely.
The Athenians, in the mean while, had made their
alliance with the Persians, and used the money which
they had received to strengthen their ramparts, as you
have seen, and to finish the Long Walls, which had been
ruined by the Spartans ten years before.
All the Greek states were soon in arms, siding with the
Athenians or with the Spartans; and the contest
continued until everybody was weary of fighting. There
was, besides, much jealousy among the people
themselves, and even the laurels of Agesilaus were
 The person who was most opposed to him was the Spartan
Antalcidas, who, fearing that further warfare would
only result in increasing Agesilaus' popularity and
glory, now began to advise peace. As the Greeks were
tired of the long struggle, they sent Antalcidas to Asia
to try to make a treaty with the Persians.
Without thinking of anything but his hatred of
Agesilaus, Antalcidas consented to all that the
Persians asked, and finally signed a shameful treaty,
by which all the Greek cities of Asia Minor and the
Island of Cyprus were handed over to the Persian king.
The other Greek cities were declared independent, and
thus Sparta was shorn of much of her power. This treaty
was a disgrace, and it has always been known in history
by the name of the man who signed it out of petty