THE OVERTHROW OF THE THIRTY TYRANTS
ALTHOUGH the Thirty Tyrants ruled in Athens but a short
time, they condemned fifteen hundred men to death, and
drove many good citizens into exile. During their brief
period of authority they even found fault with
Socrates, and would have liked to kill him, though he
was the greatest philosopher the world has ever known.
 As the rule of the Thirty Tyrants had been forced upon
them by the victorious Spartans, the Athenians soon
resolved to get rid of them. Among the good citizens
whom these cruel rulers had driven away into exile, was
Thrasybulus, who was a real patriot.
He had seen the sufferings of the Athenians, and his
sympathy had been roused. So he began plotting against
the Thirty Tyrants, assembled a few brave men, entered
the city, drove out the Spartans, and overturned their
government when they least expected it.
Some years later the Athenians rebuilt the Long Walls
which Lysander, the Spartan general, had torn down
to the sound of festive music. They were so glad to be
rid of the cruel tyrants, that they erected statues in
honor of Thrasybulus, their deliverer, and sang songs
in his praise at all their public festivals.
The Spartans, in the mean while, had been changing
rapidly for the worse; for the defeat of the Athenians
had filled their hearts with pride, and had made them
fancy they were the bravest and greatest people on
earth. Such conceit is always harmful.
Lysander, in capturing Athens and the smaller towns of
Attica, had won much booty, which was all sent to
Sparta. The ephors refused at first to accept or
distribute this gold, saying that the love of wealth
was the root of all evil; but they finally decided to
use it for the improvement of their city.
Lysander himself was as noble a man as he was a good
general, and kept none of the booty for his own use. On
the contrary, he came back to Sparta so poor, that,
when he died, the city had to pay his funeral expenses.
 The Spartans felt so grateful for the services which he
had rendered them, that they not only gave him a fine
burial, but also gave marriage portions to his
daughters, and helped them get good husbands.