THE emperor Hadrian's chief delight was in building.
For instance, he gave orders for the rebuilding of
Carthage, and when he visited Egypt he had Pompey's
tomb carefully repaired.
In Palestine, Hadrian would have liked to rebuild
Jerusalem. The Jews were delighted when they heard
this, because the Christians had declared that the city
would never rise again. Their joy, however, did not
 for they and the Romans soon began a terrible quarrel
which ended in a war. More than five hundred thousand
Jews perished in the struggle, and countless Romans and
Christians also were killed.
After making two journeys to visit all the different
parts of his empire, Hadrian went back to Rome, where
he hoped to end his life in peace among learned men,
and in devising new laws and erecting new buildings.
He built a palace at Tibur, and a fine tomb on the
banks of the Tiber. This tomb was long knows as
"Hadrian's Mole," but is now generally called the
"Castle of St. Angelo," on account of the statue of the
angel Michael which surmounts it.
Tomb of Hadrian.
 Hadrian, as we have seen, had been gentle and forgiving
during the first part of his reign; but he now began to
suffer from a disease which soon made him cross and
suspicious. He therefore became very cruel, and,
forgetting that he had once quite approved of the
Christians, he ordered a fourth persecution, in which
many were put to death.
To make sure that the Romans would be governed well
after his death, Hadrian selected as his successor a
very good and wise man named Antoninus. Then,
feeling that his sufferings were more than he could
bear, he implored his servants to kill him. They all
refused, so he sent for many doctors, and took all the
medicines they prescribed.
This, of course, somewhat hastened his death; and we
are told that he spent the last moments of his life in
dictating verses addressed to his soul. These are well
known, and perhaps you will some day read them when you
learn Latin, the language in which they were written.
Hadrian was buried in the tomb which he had built on
the banks of the Tiber; and, when you go to Rome, you
will surely visit this building, although it is so old
that many changes have been made in it since it was