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TARQUIN AND THE EAGLE
AS Tullus Hostilius was dead, the Romans wished to elect
a new king; and they soon chose Ancus Martius, a grandson of the good and pious Numa Pompilius who had
governed them so well. The new ruler was very wise and good.
Although he could not keep peace with all his neighbors,
as his grandfather had done, he never went to war
except when compelled to do so.
There were now so many people in Rome that it was not
easy to govern them as before. In fact, there were so
many wrongdoers that Ancus was soon forced to build a
prison, in which the criminals could be put while awaiting
judgment. The prison was made as solid as possible,
with thick stone walls. It was so strong that it still
exists, and one can even now visit the deep and dark
dun-  geons where the prisoners used to be kept more than
six hundred years before Christ.
During the reign of Ancus Martius, as in those of the
kings before him, many strangers came to settle in Rome.
They were attracted thither by the rapid growth of the
city, by the freedom which the citizens enjoyed, and by
the chances offered to grow rich and powerful.
Among these strangers was a very wealthy Greek, who had
lived for some time in a neighboring town called
Tarquinii. This man is known in history as Tarquinius Priscus, or simply Tarquin, a name given him to remind people where he had
lived before he came to Rome.
As Tarquin was rich, he did not come to Rome on foot,
but rode in a chariot with his wife Tanaquil. As they were driving along, an eagle came into view,
circling for a while above them, suddenly swooped down
and snatched Tarquin's cap off his head. A moment later
it flew down again, and replaced the cap on Tarquin's
head, without doing him any harm.
Tarquin and the Eagle.
This was a very strange thing for an eagle to do, as
you can see, and Tarquin wondered what it could mean.
After thinking the matter over for a while, he asked his
wife, Tanaquil, who knew a great deal about signs; and
she said it meant that he would sometime be king of Rome.
This prophecy pleased Tarquin very much, because he was
ambitious and fond of ruling.
Tarquin and his wife were so rich and powerful that they
were warmly welcomed by the Romans. They took up their
abode in the city, spent their money freely, tried to
make themselves as agreeable as possible, and soon made
a number of friends among the patricians.
Ancus Martius became acquainted with Tarquin, and,
finding him a good adviser, often sent for him to talk
about the affairs of state. Little by little, the man
grew more and more intimate with the king; and when
Ancus died, after a reign of about twenty-four years, no
one was surprised to hear that he had left his two young
sons in Tarquin's care.