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UNION OF SABINES AND ROMANS
THE Sabine army had taken the citadel, thanks to
Tarpeia's vanity; and on the next day there was a
desperate fight between them and the Romans who lived
on the Palatine hill. First the Romans and then the
Sabines were beaten back; and finally both sides paused
The battle was about to begin again, and the two armies
were only a few feet apart, threatening each other with
raised weapons and fiery glances, when all at once the
women rushed out of their houses, and flung themselves
between the warriors.
In frantic terror for the lives of their husbands on
one side, and of their fathers and brothers on the
other, they wildly besought them not to fight. Those
who had little children held them up between the lines
of soldiers, and the sight of these innocent babes
disarmed the rage of both parties.
Instead of fighting any more, therefore, the Romans and
Sabines agreed to lay down their arms and to become
friends. A treaty was made, whereby the Sabines were
invited to come and live in Rome, and Romulus even
agreed to share his throne with their king, Tatius.
 Thus the two rival nations became one, and when Tatius
died, the Sabines were quite willing to obey Romulus,
who was, at first, an excellent king, and made many
As it was too great a task for him to govern the unruly
people alone, Romulus soon formed an assembly of the
oldest and most respected men, to whom he gave the name
of senators. They were at first the advisers of the
king; but in later times they had the right to make
laws for the good of the people, and to see that these
laws were obeyed.
The younger and more active men were named cavaliers,
or knights. These were the men who fought as horsemen
in time of war; but before long the name was given only
to those who had a certain amount of wealth.
The sons and relatives of the senators and knights, and
all the earliest inhabitants of Rome, received also the
name of Patricians, or nobles; while the people whom
they had conquered, or who came to dwell there later,
were called Plebeians, or ordinary people.