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THE FALL OF GREECE
 THE states of Greece tried again and again to throw off the
Macedonian yoke. Unfortunately, however, they often
quarreled with one another and were not united against
Macedonia. For this reason the kings of that state kept
their place as masters of Greece for another hundred years.
Then the Romans invaded the country, and in a battle fought
near a town called Pydna the Macedonians were defeated and
their king Perseus was taken prisoner. This brought the
Macedonian kingdom to an end. Macedonia was made part of
the Roman Empire and men were sent from Rome to rule it.
Epirus was next captured. A hundred and fifty thousand of
its inhabitants were sold into slavery and the state was
made a Roman province.
After the fall of Macedonia the other states of Greece still
continued fighting with one another. So in about twenty
years (B.C. 146) a Roman army was sent against them. A
battle was fought near
 Corinth in which the Greeks were completely defeated.
Corinth at that time was one of the richest and most
beautiful cities in the world. After the battle the Roman
general let his soldiers enter the houses and take what they
pleased. Pictures, marble statues and jewelry were taken
and shipped to Rome. It is said that two of the rough Roman
soldiers played a game of dice on one of the finest
pictures,—so little did they value works of art.
LAST DAYS OF CORINTH
Two thousand of the men of Corinth were put to death by the
Romans, and the women and children were made slaves. After
the buildings of the city had been plundered they were set
 And now Athens, Thebes, Sparta and the other Greek states
became, like Macedonia, parts of the Empire of Rome.
From the rule of Rome Greece passed, in the Middle Ages,
under the rule of Turkey, and it was only about seventy-five
years ago that she revolted from Turkey and became once more
an independent country.
If ever you go to Greece, as thousands of people do, to
visit the places where her great men lived, you will see
little but ruins. The columns of the temples are broken, the
stones of their walls lie scattered on the ground.
RUINS OF THE ACROPOLIS AND TEMPLE OF THESEUS
And yet Greece, even amid ruin and decay,
 is still teaching the world. Many of the words that stand
for branches of learning in our language to-day are Greek
words. Such words are arithmetic and
show plainly that the first teachers of mathematics in
Europe were Greeks. Gymnasium and
athletics are also Greek
words. They show that the Greeks set us the example of
running races, wrestling, jumping, throwing quoits and doing
other such things to make our bodies strong. Poet, too, and
poem are Greek, and remind us that the Greeks taught us how
to write poetry. Grammar, rhetoric
and geography are Greek
words. So are logic, astronomy and
surgery. These and
hundreds of other
 words in daily use show how much we have
inherited from the Greeks.
RUINS OF THE PARTHENON
Although the old-time glory of Greece has waned, the light
of art and science which she kindled in the world grows
brighter as time rolls on.