THE OLIVE ORCHARD AND THE HIGH PRIEST'S HALL
Matthew xxvi: 36 to 75; Mark xiv: 32 to 72; Luke xxii: 40 to 62; John xviii: 1 to 27.
T the foot of the Mount of Olives, near the path over the
hill toward Bethany, there was an orchard of olive
trees, called "The Garden of Gethsemane." The word
"Gethsemane" means "oil press." Jesus often went to
this place with his disciples, because of its quiet
shade. At this garden he stopped, and outside he left
eight of his disciples, saying to them, "Sit here,
while I go inside and pray."
He took with him the three chosen ones, Peter, James,
and John, and went within the orchard. Jesus knew that
in a little while Judas would be there with a band of
men to seize him; that within a few hours he would be
beaten, and stripped, and led out to die. The thought
of what he was to suffer came upon him and filled his
soul with grief. He said to Peter, and James, and John:
"My soul is filled with sorrow; a sorrow that almost
kills me. Stay here and watch while I am praying."
He went a little further among the trees, and flung
himself down upon the ground, and cried out:
"O, my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass
away from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou
So earnest was his feeling and so great his suffering,
that there came out upon his face great drops of sweat
like blood, falling upon the ground. After praying for
a time, he rose up from the earth, and went to his
three disciples, and found them all asleep. He awaked
them, and said to Peter:
"What, could you not watch with me one hour? Watch and
 pray, that you may not go into temptation. The spirit
indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak."
JESUS FINDS HIS DISCIPLES ASLEEP
He left them, and went a second time into the woods,
and fell on his knees, and prayed again, saying:
"O, my Father, if this cup cannot pass away, and I must
drink it, then thy will be done."
He came again to the three disciples, and found them
sleeping; but this time he did not wake them. He went
once more into the woods, and prayed, using the same
words. And an angel from heaven came to him, and gave
He was now ready for the fate that was soon to come,
and his heart was strong. Once more he went to the
three disciples, and said to them:
"You may as well sleep on now, and take your rest, for
the hour is at hand; and already the Son of man is
given by the traitor into the hands of sinners. But
rise up, and let us be going. See, the traitor is
The disciples awoke; they heard the noise of a crowd,
and saw the flashing of torches, and the gleaming of
swords and spears. In the throng they saw Judas
standing, and they knew now that he was the traitor of
whom Jesus had spoken the night before. Judas came
rushing forward, and kissed Jesus, as though he were
glad to see him. This was a signal that he had given
beforehand to the band; for the men of the guard did
not know Jesus, and Judas had said to them, "The one
that I shall kiss is the man that you are to take;
seize him and hold him fast."
Jesus said to Judas, "Judas, do you betray the Son of
man with a kiss?"
Then he turned to the crowd, and said, "Whom do you
They answered, "Jesus of Nazareth."
Jesus said, "I am he."
When Jesus said this, a sudden fear came upon his
enemies; they drew back, and fell upon the ground.
After a moment, Jesus said again, "Whom do you seek?"
And again they answered, "Jesus of Nazareth."
And Jesus said, pointing to his disciples, "I told you
that I am he. If you are seeking me, let these
disciples go their own way."
But as they came forward to seize Jesus, Peter drew his
sword, and struck at one of the men in front, and cut
off his right ear.
 The man was a servant of the high-priest, and his name
Jesus said to Peter, "Put up the sword into its sheath;
the cup which my Father has given me, shall I not drink
it? Do you not know that I could call upon my Father,
and he would send to me armies upon armies of angels?"
Then he spoke to the crowd: "Let me do this." And he
touched the place where the ear had been cut off, and
it came on again and was well. Jesus said to the rulers
and leaders of the armed men, "Do you come against me
with swords and clubs as though I were a robber? I was
with you every day in the Temple, and you did not lift
your hands against me. But the words in the Scriptures
must come to pass; and this is your hour."
When the disciples of Jesus saw that he would not allow
them to fight for him, they did not know what to do. In
their sudden alarm they all ran away, and left their
Master alone with his enemies. These men laid their
hands on Jesus, and bound him, and led him away to the
house of the high-priest. There were at that time two
men called high-priests by the Jews. One was Annas, who
 been high-priest until his office had been taken away
from him by the Romans, and given to Caiaphas, his
son-in-law. But Annas still had great power among the
people; and they brought Jesus, all bound as he was,
first before Annas.
Simon Peter and John, the disciple whom Jesus loved,
had followed after the crowd of those who carried Jesus
away, and they came to the door of the high-priest's
house. John knew the high-priest and went in, but Peter
at first stayed outside, until John went out and
brought him in. He came in, but did not dare to go into
the room where Jesus stood before the high-priest
Annas. In the courtyard of the house they had made a
fire of charcoal, and Peter stood among those who were
warming themselves at the fire.
Annas, in the inner room, asked Jesus about his
disciples and teaching. Jesus answered him, "What I
have taught has been open in the synagogues and in the
Temple. Why do you ask me? Ask those that heard me;
they know what I said."
Then one of the officers struck Jesus on the mouth,
saying to him, "Is this the way that you answer the
Jesus answered the officer calmly and quietly, "If I
have said anything evil, tell what the evil is; but if
I have spoken the truth, why do you strike me?"
While Annas and his men were thus showing their hate
toward Jesus, who stood bound and alone among his
enemies, Peter was still in the courtyard, warming
himself at the fire. A woman, who was a serving-maid in
the house, looked at Peter sharply, and finally said to
him, "You were one of those men with this Jesus of
Peter was afraid to tell the truth, and he answered
her, "Woman, I do not know the man, and I do not know
what you are talking about."
And to get away from her he went out into the porch of
the house. There another woman-servant saw him, and
said, "This man was one of those with Jesus!"
And Peter swore with an oath that he did not know Jesus
at all. Soon a man came by, who was of kin to Malchus,
whose ear Peter had cut off. He looked at Peter, and
heard him speak, and said, "You are surely one of this
man's disciples, for your speech shows that you came
Then Peter began again to curse and to swear, declaring
that he did not know the man of whom they were
 Just at that moment the loud, shrill crowing of a cock
startled Peter, and at the same time he saw Jesus, who
was being dragged through the hall from Annas to the
council-room of Caiaphas, the other high-priest. And
the Lord turned as he was passing and looked at Peter.
Then there flashed into Peter's mind what Jesus had
said on the evening before, "Before the cock crows
to-morrow morning, you will three times deny that you
have ever known me."
Then Peter went out of the high-priest's house into the
street, and he wept bitterly because he had denied his
PETER WENT OUT AND WEPT BITTERLY