GOVERNOR MANCO AND THE SOLDIER
 WHILE Governor Manco, or the "one-armed," kept up a show of military state in the Alhambra, he became nettled at the
reproaches continually cast upon his fortress, of being a nestling-place of rogues and smugglers. On a sudden,
the old potentate determined to reform, and setting vigorously to work, ejected whole nests of vagabonds out
of the fortress and the gypsy caves with which the surrounding hills are honeycombed. He sent out soldiers,
also, to patrol the avenues and footpaths, with orders to take up all suspicious persons.
One bright summer morning a patrol, consisting of the testy old corporal who had distinguished himself in the
affair of the notary, a trumpeter, and two privates, was seated under the garden-wall of the Generalife,
beside the road which leads down from the Mountain of the Sun, when they heard the tramp of a horse, and a
male voice singing in rough, though not unmusical tones, an old Castilian campaigning-song.
Presently they beheld a sturdy, sunburnt fellow, clad in the ragged garb of a foot-soldier, leading a powerful
Arabian horse caparisoned in the ancient Morisco fashion.
Astonish d at the sight of a strange soldier descending, steed in hand, from that solitary mountain, the
corporal stepped forth and challenged him.
Who goes there?"
 "A friend."
"Who and what are, you?"
"A poor soldier just from the wars, with a cracked crown and empty purse for a reward."
By this time they were enabled to view him more narrowly. He had a black patch across his forehead, which,
with a grizzled beard, added to a certain dare-devil cast of countenance, while a slight squint threw into the
whole an occasional gleam of roguish good-humor.
Having answered the questions of the patrol, the soldier seemed to consider himself entitled to make others in
return. "May I ask," said he, "what city is that which I see at the foot of the hill?"
"What city!" cried the trumpeter; "come, that's too bad. Here's a fellow lurking about the Mountain of the
Sun, and demands the name of the great city of Granada!"
"Granada! can it be possible?"
"Perhaps not!" rejoined the trumpeter; "and perhaps you have no idea that yonder are the towers of the
"Son of a trumpet," replied the stranger, "do not trifle with me; if this be indeed the Alhambra, I have some
strange matters to reveal to the governor."
"You will have an opportunity," said the corporal, "for we mean to take you before him." By this time the
trumpeter had seized the bridle of the steed, the two privates had each secured an arm of the soldier, the
corporal put himself in front, gave the word, "Forward—march!" and away they marched for the Alhambra.
The sight of a ragged foot-soldier and a fine Arabian horse, brought in captive by the patrol, attracted the
attention of all the idlers of the fortress, and of those gossip
 groups that generally assemble about wells and fountains at early dawn. The wheel of the cistern paused in its
rotations, and the slip-shod servant-maid stood gaping, with pitcher in hand, as the corporal passed by with
his prize. A motley train gradually gathered in the rear of the escort.
Knowing nods and winks and conjectures passed from one to another. "It is a deserter," said one; "A smuggler,"
said another; "A robber," said a third;—until it was affirmed that a captain of a desperate band of
robbers had been captured by the prowess of the corporal and his patrol. "Well, well;" said the old crones,
one to another, "captain or not, let him get out of the grasp of old Governor Manco if he can, though he is
Governor Manco was seated in one of the inner halls of the Alhambra, taking his morning's cup of chocolate, a
demure, dark-eyed damsel, the daughter of his house-keeper, attending upon him. When word was brought that a
suspicious stranger had been taken lurking about the fortress, and was actually in the outer court, in durance
of the corporal, waiting the pleasure of his Excellency, the pride and stateliness of office swelled the bosom
of the governor. He called for his sword, girded it to his side, twirled up his moustaches, took his seat in a
large high-backed chair, assumed a bitter and forbidding aspect, and ordered the prisoner into his presence.
The soldier was brought in, still closely pinioned by his captors, and guarded by the corporal. He maintained,
however, a resolute, self-confident air, and returned the sharp, scrutinizing look of the governor with an
easy squint, which by no means pleased the punctilious old potentate.
"Well, culprit," said the governor, after he had regarded
 him for a moment in silence, "what have you to say for yourself—who are you?"
"A soldier, just from the wars, who has brought away nothing but scars and bruises."
"A soldier—humph—a foot-soldier by your garb, I understand you have a fine Arabian horse. I
presume you brought him too from the wars, besides your scars and bruises."
"May it please your Excellency, I have something strange to tell about that horse. Indeed, I have one of the
most wonderful things to relate. Something too that concerns the security of this fortress, indeed of all
Granada. It is a matter to be imparted only to your private ear, or in presence of such only as are in your
confidence. But I am perfectly willing," said he, "that the damsel should remain."
The governor considered for a moment, and then directed the corporal and his men to withdraw, but to post
themselves outside of the door and be ready at a call.
When they had withdrawn, the soldier commenced his story. He was a fluent, smooth-tongued varlet, and had a
command of language above his apparent rank.
"May it please your Excellency," said he, "I am, as I before observed, a soldier, and have seen some hard
service, but my term of enlistment being expired, I was discharged, not long since, from the army at
Valladolid, and set out on foot for my native village in Andalusia. Yesterday evening the sun went down as I
was traversing a great dry plain of Old Castile."
"Hold!" cried the governor, "what is this you say? Old Castile is some two or three hundred miles from this."
"Even so," replied the soldier, coolly. "I told your
 Excellency I had strange things to relate; but not more strange than true, as your Excellency will find, if
you will deign me a patient hearing."
"Proceed, culprit," said the governor, twirling up his moustaches.
"As the sun went down," continued the soldier, "I cast my eyes about in search of quarters for the night, but
as far as my sight could reach there were no signs of habitation. I saw that I should have to make my bed on
the naked plain, with my knapsack for a pillow; but your Excellency is an old soldier, and knows that to one
who has been in the wars, such a night's lodging is no great hardship."
The governor nodded assent, as he drew out his pocket-handkerchief to drive away a fly that buzzed about his
"Well, to make a long story short," continued the soldier, "I trudged forward for several miles until I came
to a bridge over a deep ravine, through which ran a little dread of water, almost dried up by the summer heat.
At one end of the bridge was a Moorish tower, the upper end all in ruins, but a vault in the foundation quite
entire. Here, thinks I, is a good place to make a halt; so I went down to the stream, and took a hearty drink,
for the water was pure and sweet, and I was parched with thirst; then, opening my wallet, I took out an onion
and a few crusts, which were all my provisions, and seating myself on a stone on the margin of the stream,
began to make my supper, intending afterwards to quarter myself for the night in the vault of the tower; and
capital quarters they would have been for a campaigner just from the wars, as your Excellency, who is an old
soldier, may suppose."
 "I have put up gladly with worse in my time," said the governor, returning his pocket-handkerchief into the
hilt of his sword.
"While I was quietly crunching my crust," pursued the soldier, "I heard something stir within the vault; I
listened—it was the tramp of a horse. By and by a man came forth from a door in the foundation of the
tower, close by the water's edge, leading a powerful horse by the bridle. I could not well make out what he
was, by the starlight. It had a suspicious look to be lurking among the ruins of a tower, in that wild,
solitary place. He might be a mere wayfarer, like myself; he might be a smuggler; he might be a robber! what
of that? thank heaven and my poverty, I had nothing to lose; so I sat still and crunched my crust.
"He led his horse to the water, close by where I was sitting, so that I had a fair opportunity of
reconnoitring him. To my surprise he was dressed in a Moorish garb, with a cuirass of steel, and a polished
skull-cap that I distinguished by the reflection of the stars upon it. His horse, too, was harnessed in the
Morisco fashion, with great shovel stirrups. He led him, as I said, to the side of the stream, into which the
animal plunged his head almost to the eyes, and drank until I thought he would have burst.
"'Comrade,' said I, 'your steed drinks well; it's a good sign when a horse plunges his muzzle bravely into
"'He may well drink,' said the stranger, speaking with a Moorish accent; 'it is a good year since he had his
"'That beats even the camels I have seen in Africa,'
 said I. 'But come, you seem to be something of a soldier, will you sit down and take part of a soldier's
fare?' In fact, I felt the want of a companion in this lonely place, and was willing to put up with an
infidel. Besides as your Excellency well knows, a soldier is never very particular about the faith, of his
company, and soldiers of all countries are comrades on peaceable ground."
The governor again nodded assent.
"Well, as I was saying, I invited him to share my supper, such as it was, for I could not do less in common
hospitality. 'I have no time to pause for meat or drink,' said he, 'I have a long journey to make before
'In what direction?' said I.
'Andalusia,' said he.
"'Exactly my route,' said I; 'so, as you won't stop and eat with me, perhaps you will let me mount and ride
with you. I see your horse is of a powerful frame; I'll warrant he carry double.'
"'Agreed,' said the trooper; and it would not have been civil and soldierlike to refuse, especially as I had
offered to share my supper with him. So up he mounted, and up I mounted behind him.
"'Hold fast,' said he, 'my steed goes like the wind.'
"'Never fear me,' said I, and so off we set.
"From a walk the horse soon passed to a trot, from a trot to a gallop, and from a gallop to a harum-scarum
scamper. It seemed as if rocks, trees, houses, everything, flew hurry-scurry behind us.
"'What town, is this?' said I.
"'Segovia,' said he; and before the word was out of his mouth, the towers of Segovia were out of sight. We
swept up the Guadarama mountains, and down by the
 Escurial; and we skirted the walls of Madrid, and we scoured away across the plains of La Mancha. In this way
we went up hill and down dale, by towers and cities, all buried in deep sleep, and across mountains, and
plains, and rivers, just glimmering in the starlight.
"To make a long story short, and not to fatigue your Excellency, the trooper suddenly pulled up on the side of
a mountain. 'Here we are,' said he, 'at the end of our journey.' I looked about, but could see no signs of
habitation; nothing but the mouth of a cavern. While I looked I saw multitudes of people in Moorish dresses,
some on horseback, some on foot, arriving as if borne by the wind from all points of the compass, and hurrying
into the mouth of the cavern like bees into a hive. Before I could ask a question, the trooper struck his long
Moorish spurs into the horse's flanks, and dashed in with the throng. We passed along a steep winding way,
that descended into the very bowels of the mountain. As we pushed on, a light began to glimmer up, by little
and little, like the first glimmerings of day, but what caused it I could not discern. It grew stronger and
stronger, and enabled me to see everything around. I now noticed, as we passed along, great caverns, opening
to the right and left, like halls in an arsenal. In some there were shields, and helmets, and cuirasses, and
lances, and cimeters, hanging against the walls; in others there were great heaps of warlike munitions and
camp-equipages lying upon the ground.
"It would have done your Excellency's heart good, being an old soldier, to have seen such grand provision for
war. Then, in other caverns, there were long rows of horsemen armed to the teeth, with lances raised and
 banners unfurled, all ready for the field; but they all sat motionless in their saddles, like so many statues.
In other halls were warriors sleeping on the ground beside their horses, and foot-soldiers in groups ready to
fall into the ranks. All were in old-fashioned Moorish dresses and armor.
"Well, your Excellency, to cut a long story short, we at length entered an immense cavern, or I may say
palace, of grotto-work, the walls of which seemed to be veined with gold and silver, and to sparkle with
diamonds and sapphires and all kinds of precious stones. At the upper end sat a Moorish king on a golden
throne, with his nobles on each side, and a guard of African blacks with drawn cimeters. All the crowd that
continued to flock in, and amounted to thousands and thousands, passed one by one before his throne, each
paying homage as he passed. Some of the multitude were dressed in magnificent robes, without stain or blemish,
and sparkling with jewels; others in burnished and enameled armor; while others were in mouldered and mildewed
garments, and in armor all battered and dented and covered with rust.
"I had hitherto held my tongue, for your Excellency well knows it is not for a soldier to ask many questions
when on duty, but I could keep silent no longer.
"Prithee, comrade,' said I, 'what is the meaning of all this?'
"'This,' said the trooper, 'is a great and fearful mystery. Know, O Christian, that you see before you the
court and army of Boabdil the last king of Granada.'
"'What is this you tell me?' cried I. 'Boabdil and his court were exiled from the land hundreds of years
agone, and all died in Africa.'
 "'So it is recorded in your lying chronicles,' replied the Moor; 'but know that Boabdil and the warriors who
made the last struggle for Granada were all shut up in the mountain by a powerful enchantment. As for the king
and army that marched forth from Granada at the time of the surrender, they were a mere phantom train of
spirits and demons, permitted to assume those shapes to deceive the Christian sovereigns. And furthermore let
me tell you, friend, that all Spain is a country under the power of enchantment. There is not a mountain cave,
not a lonely watch-tower in the plains, nor ruined castle on the hills, but has some spellbound warriors
sleeping from age to age within its vaults, until the sins are expiated for which Allah permitted the dominion
to pass for a time out of the hands of the faithful. Once every year, on the eve of St. John, they are
released from enchantment, from sunset to sunrise, and permitted to repair here to pay homage to their
sovereign! and the crowds which you beheld swarming into the cavern are Moslem warriors from their haunts in
all parts of Spain. For my own part, you saw the ruined tower of the bridge in Old Castile, where I have now
wintered and summered for many hundred years, and where I must be back again by daybreak. As to the battalions
of horse and foot which you beheld drawn up in array in the neighboring caverns, they are the spellbound
warriors of Granada. It is written in the book of fate, that when the enchantment is broken, Boabdil will
descend from the mountain at the head of this army, resume his throne in the Alhambra and his sway of Granada,
and gathering together the enchanted warriors from all parts of Spain, will reconquer the Peninsula and
restore it to Moslem rule.'
 "'And when shall this happen?' said I.
" "Allah alone knows: we had hoped the day of deliverance was at hand; but there reigns at present a vigilant
governor in the Alhambra, a stanch old soldier, well known as Governor Manco. While such a warrior holds
command of the very outpost, and stands ready to check the first irruption from the mountain, I fear Boabdil
and his soldiery must be content to rest upon their arms.'"
Here the governor raised himself somewhat perpendicularly, adjusted his sword, and twirled up his moustaches.
"To make a long story short, and not to fatigue your Excellency, the trooper, having given me this account,
dismounted from his steed.
"'Tarry here,' said he, 'and guard my steed while I go and bow the knee to Boabdil.' So saying, he strode
away among the throng that pressed forward to the throne.
"'What's to be done?' thought I, when thus left to myself; 'shall I wait here until this infidel returns to
whisk me on his goblin steed, the Lord knows where; or shall I make the most of my time and beat a retreat
from this hobgoblin community?' A soldier's mind is soon made up, as your Excellency well knows. As to the
horse, he belonged to an avowed enemy of the faith and the realm, and was a fair prize according to the rules
of war. So hoisting myself from the crupper into the saddle, I turned the reins, struck the Moorish stirrups
into the sides of the steed, and put him to make the best of his way out of the passage by which he had
entered. As we scoured by the halls where the Moslem horsemen sat in motionless battalions, I thought I heard
the clang of armor and a hollow murmur of voices. I gave the steed another taste of
 the stirrups and doubled my speed. There was now a sound behind me like a rushing blast; I heard the clatter
of a thousand hoofs; a countless throng overtook me. I was borne along in the press, and hurled forth from the
mouth of the cavern, while thousands of shadowy forms were swept off in every direction by the four winds of
"In the whirl and confusion of the scene I was thrown senseless to the earth. When I came to myself, I was
lying on the brow of a hill, with the Arabian steed standing beside me; for in falling, my arm had slipped
within the bridle, which, I presume, prevented his whisking off to Old Castile.
"Your Excellency may easily judge of my surprise, on looking round, to behold hedges of aloes and Indian figs
and other proofs of a southern climate, and to see a great city below me, with towers, and palaces, and a
"I descended the hill cautiously, leading my steed, for I was afraid to mount him again, lest he should play
me some slippery trick. As I descended I met with your patrol, who let me into the secret that it was Granada
that lay before me, and that I was actually under the walls of the Alhambra, the fortress of the redoubted
Governor Manco, the terror of all enchanted Moslems. When I heard this, I determined at once to seek your
Excellency, to inform you of all that I had seen, and to warn you of the perils that surround and undermine
you, that you may take measures in time to guard your fortress, and the kingdom itself, from this army that
lurks in the very bowels of the land."
"And prithee, friend, you who are a veteran campaigner, and have seen so much service," said the governor,
 would you advise me to proceed, in order to prevent this evil?"
"It is not for a humble private of the ranks," said the soldier, modestly, "to pretend to instruct a commander
of your Excellency's sagacity, but it appears to me that your Excellency might cause all the caves and
entrances into the mountains to be walled up with solid mason-work, so that Boabdil and his army might be
completely corked up in their subterranean habitation."
The governor now placed his arm akimbo, with his hand resting on the hilt of his toledo, fixed his eye upon
the soldier, and gently wagging his head from one side to the other,—
"So, friend," said he, "then you really suppose I am to be gulled with this cock-and-bull story about
enchanted mountains and enchanted Moors? Hark ye, culprit!—not another word. An old soldier you may be,
but you'll find you have an older soldier to deal with, and one not easily outgeneralled. Ho! guards there!
put this fellow in irons."
As they were pinioning the soldier, one of the guards felt something of bulk in his pocket, and drawing it
forth, found a long leathern purse that appeared to be well filled. Holding it by one corner, he turned out
the contents upon the table before the governor, and never did freebooter's bag make more gorgeous delivery.
Out tumbled rings, and jewels, and rosaries of pearls, and sparkling diamond crosses, and a profusion of
ancient golden coin, some of which fell jingling to the floor, and rolled away to the uttermost parts of the
chamber. For a time the functions of justice were suspended; there was a universal scramble after the
 The governor alone, who was imbued with true Spanish pride, maintained his stately decorum, though his eye
betrayed a little anxiety until the last coin and jewel-was restored to the sack.
"I was just going to tell your Excellency when you interrupted me," said the stranger, "that, on taking
possession of the trooper's horse, I unhooked a leathern sack which hung at the saddle-bow, and which I
presume contained the plunder of his campaignings in days of old, when the Moors overran the country."
"Mighty well; at present you will make up your mind to take up your quarters in a chamber of the Vermilion
Towers, which, though not under a magic spell, will hold you as safe as any cave of your enchanted Moors."
"Your Excellency will do as you think proper," said the prisoner, coolly. "I shall be thankful to your
Excellency for any accommodation in the fortress. A soldier who has been in the wars, as your Excellency well
knows, is not particular about his lodgings. Provided I have a snug dungeon and regular rations, I shall
manage to make myself comfortable. I would only entreat that while your Excellency is so careful about me, you
would have an eye to your fortress, and think on the hint I dropped about stopping up the entrances to the
Here ended the scene. The prisoner was conducted to a strong dungeon in the Vermilion Towers, the Arabian
steed was led to his Excellency's stable, and the trooper's sack was deposited in his Excellency's strong box.
To explain these prompt and rigid measures on the part of old Governor Manco, it is proper to observe, that
about this time the Alpuxarra mountains in the neighborhood of Granada were terribly infested by a gang of
 the command of-a daring chief named Manuel Borasco, who were accustomed to prowl about the country, and even
to enter the city in various-disguises, to gain intelligence of the departure of convoys of merchandise, or
travellers with well-lined purses, whom they took care to waylay in distant and solitary passes of the road.
These repeated and daring outrages had awakened the attention of the government, and the commanders of the
various posts had received instructions to be on the alert, and to take up all suspicious stragglers. Governor
Manco was particularly zealous in consequence of the stigma that had been cast upon his fortress, and he now
doubted not he had entrapped some formidable desperado of this gang.
In the meantime the story took wind, and became the talk, not merely of the fortress, but of the whole city of
Granada. It was said that the noted robber Manuel Borasco, the terror of the Alpuxarras, had fallen into the
clutches of old Governor Manco, and been cooped up by him in a dungeon of the Vermilion Towers; and every one
who had been robbed by him flocked to recognize the marauder. The Vermilion Towers, as is well known, stand
apart from the Alhambra on a sister hill, separated from the main fortress by the ravine down which passes,
the main avenue. There were no outer walls, but a sentinel patrolled before the tower. The window of the
chamber in which the soldier was confined was strongly grated, and looked upon a small esplanade. Here the
good folks of Granada repaired to gaze at him, as they would at a laughing hyena, grinning through the cage of
a menagerie. Nobody, however, recognized him for Manuel Borasco, for
 that terrible robber was noted for a ferocious physiognomy, and had by no means the good-humored squint of the
prisoner. Visitors came not merely from the city, but from all parts of the country; but nobody knew him, and
there began to be doubts in the minds of the common people whether there might not be some truth in his story.
That Boabdil and his army were shut up in the mountain; as an old tradition which many of the ancient
inhabitants had heard from their fathers. Numbers went up to the Mountain of the Sun, in search of the cave
mentioned by the soldier; and saw and peeped into the deep dark pit, descending, no one knows how far, into
the mountain, and which remains there to this day—the fabled entrance to the subterranean abode of
By degrees the soldier became popular with the common people. A freebooter of the mountains is by no means the
opprobrious character in Spain that a robber is in any other country: on the contrary, he is a kind of
chivalrous personage in the eyes of the lower classes. There is always a disposition, also, to cavil at the
conduct of those in command; and many began to murmur at the high-handed measures of old Governor Manco, and
to look upon the prisoner in the light of a martyr.
The soldier, moreover, was a merry, waggish fellow, that had a joke for every one who came near his window,
and a soft speech for every female. He had procured an old guitar also, and would sit by his window and sing
ballads and love-ditties to the delight of the women of the neighborhood, who would assemble on the esplanade
in the evening and dance to his music. Having trimmed off his
 rough beard, his sunburnt face found favor in the eyes of the fair, and the demure handmaid of the governor
declared that his squint was perfectly irresistible. This kind-hearted damsel had from the first evinced a
deep sympathy in his fortunes, and having in vain tried to mollify the governor, had set to work privately to
mitigate the rigor of his dispensations. Every day she brought the prisoner some crumbs of comfort which had
fallen from the governor's table, or been abstracted from his larder, together with, now and then, a consoling
bottle of choice wine.
While this petty treason was going on in the very centre of the old governor's citadel, a storm of open war
was brewing up among his external foes. The circumstance of a bag of gold and jewels having been found upon
the person of the supposed robber, had been reported, with many exaggerations in Granada. A question of
territorial jurisdiction was immediately started by the governor's inveterate rival, the captain-general. He
insisted that the prisoner had been captured without the precincts of the Alhambra, and within the rules of
his authority. He demanded his body therefore, and the spoils taken with him. The feud ran high; the governor
was furious, and swore; rather than surrender his captive, he would hang him up within the Alhambra, as a spy
caught within the fortress.
The captain-general threatened to send a body of soldiers to transfer the prisoner from the Vermilion Towers
to the city. Word was brought late at night to the governor of this intention. "Let them come," said he,
"they'll find me beforehand with them; he must rise bright and early who would take in an old soldier." He
accordingly issued orders to have the prisoner removed, at daybreak,
 to the donjon-keep within the walls of the Alhambra. "And d'ye hear, child," said he to his demure handmaid,
"tap at my door, and wake me before cock-crowing, that I may see to the matter myself."
The day dawned, the cock crowed, but nobody tapped at the door of the governor. The sun rose high above the
mountain-tops, and glittered in at his casement, ere the governor was awakened from his morning dreams by his
veteran corporal, who stood before him with terror stamped upon his iron visage.
"He's off! he's gone!" cried the corporal, gasping for breath.
"Who's off—who's gone?"
"The soldier—the robber—the devil, for aught I know; his dungeon is empty, but the door locked: no
one knows how he has escaped out of it."
The old governor had scarce time to wince at this news, when fresh misfortune broke upon his view. On going
into his cabinet he found his strong box open, the leather purse of the trooper abstracted, and with it a
couple of corpulent bags of doubloons.
But how, and which way had the fugitive escaped? An old peasant who lived in a cottage by the road-side
leading up into the Sierra, declared that he had heard the tramp of a powerful steed just before daybreak,
passing up into the mountains; he had looked out at his casement and could just distinguish a horseman with a
maiden seated before him.
"Search the stables!" cried Governor Manco. The stables were searched; all the horses were in their stalls;
excepting the Arabian steed. In his place was a stout cudgel, tied to the manger, and on it a label bearing
these words, "A Gift to Governor Manco, from an Old Soldier."
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