Hundreds of additional titles available for
online reading when you join Gateway to the Classics
INDEX OF NAMES,
SELECTED FROM MALLET'S "NORTHERN ANTIQUITIES," AND FROM THORPE'S "NORTHERN MYTHOLOGY"
Ægir — The King of the Sea.
The name means "to flow."
Æsir — Gods or Lords.
Singular, As or Asa.
Alf, Elf — Alfheim, Elfhome.
Ali or Vali — The name of
one of Loki's children. It signifies, "strong."
Amsvartnir — Name of a lake.
It means, "grief, black, gloomy."
Angurbodi — The mother of Jörmungand,
Hela, and Fenrir.
The name signifies, "anguish boding."
Asgard — Literally, "God's-ward," or
"the abode of the gods."
Asyniur — Goddesses.
Audhumla — The first cow.
Signifies, "void, darkness."
Baldhur — Bright, white, bold.
Barri — The Warm Wood.
Beli — The stag, killed by Frey.
Beli signifies, "to bellow."
Bifröst — Name given to the
rainbow. It means, "the Tremulous or Aërial Bridge."
Bilskirnir — Name of Thor's mansion.
It signifies either "bright space" or "storm-serene."
Bör or Bur — The first hero.
Bragi — The god of eloquence. From braga,
"to shine;" or bragga, "to adorn." Bragr,
which in Norse signifies "poetry," has become in
English "to brag," and a poet
"a braggart." From Bragi's bumper,
the Bragafull, comes
our word "bragget," and probably, also, the verb "to
brew;" Norse, brugga.
Breidablik — Name of Baldur's abode.
It means, "broad-blink, wide-glancing,
Brisingamen — Name of Freyja s necklace.
From brising, "flaming."
Dain — Signifies, "swoon," or "complete repose."
It is the name of one of the four harts which ran
about among the branches of Yggdrasil; also the name of a dwarf.
Dpraupnir — A ring of Odin, which, after
being placed on
Baldur's pile, acquired the power of dropping every ninth
night eight rings of equal weight with itself.
Dromi — Name of a chain by which Fenrir was bound,
and from which he freed himself. It has since become a
proverb in Sweden, "To get loose from Læding, and to dash
out of Dromi," when anything is to be done with great
Duneyr — Name of one of the harts which
lived in Yggdrasil.
Durathror — Light sleep. Another of the harts.
Durin — Name of a dwarf. Signifies, "light sleep."
Dvalin — Torpor. Name of one of the harts;
also of a dwarf.
Einherjar — Chosen heroes.
Elivdgar — Stormy waves. The name of the rivers
which flowed forth from Hvergelmir, and hardened into ice in
Ginnungagap, the abyss of abysses, situated between Niflheim
Elli — Old Age. She wrestled with Thor in Jötunheim.
Elvidnir — The entrance-hall of Hela's palace.
It means, "wide storm."
Ermt — Name of a river through which Thor had to wade.
Fenrir or Fenris Ulfr — Monster wolf, or dweller
in an abyss,
or howling wolf of the deep.
Fensalir — Frigga's abode. Fensaloon,
or watery deep.
Folkvang — Freyja's abode. Literally, "the
folk's field or habitation."
Frey and Freyja — Master
and mistress, from whence the
German word "frau." The names also signify, "mild,
joyous, fructifying, beauteous."
Frigga or Frigg — Free, beauteous, winsome.
Garm — The dog with bloody breast and jaws
who guarded the
way to Helheim. From gerr, "voracious," a word
probably cognate with English "gorge."
Gerd, Gerda, or Gerdur — From gera,
"to do — make," as in
Gimli — Name of the heavenly city
which existed after the
destruction and renewal of the world. Signifies, "fire,"
Ginnungagap — The space between Niflheim
Literally, "the gap of gaps, the abyss of abysses, the
yawning, gaping abyss."
Gjallar-bru — The sounding river leading
from the abodes of the living to those of the dead.
Gjallar-horn — From gjalla,
"to resound, to clang." Cognate
with the English, "to yell."
Gjoll — Name of river, meaning "the horizon." It signifies,
"sonorous, fulgid," and has reference to the popular belief of
the sun's sound when it goes down and when it rises, or when
day breaks forth; the shriek of day, our "break of day."
Gladsheim — Odin's abode. Literally, "glad's home," or "the
abode of gladness;" from whence the English word
Gleipnir — The chain made by dwarfs for the binding of Fenrir.
It signifies, "the devouring."
Gnipa — Cave leading to Helheim.
Gullinbursti — Golden Bristles. Name of Frey's hog.
Gulltoppr — Golden Mane. The name of Heimdall's steed.
Heimdall — Guardian of the rainbow. His name signifies,
"the pole or post of the world." The rainbow, when
incomplete, is still called by the northern nations Veirstolpe;
literally, "a weather-post."
Hela — The Queen of the Dead. Some say that her name
means "intense cold;" others, "a large hole or cavity."
Helheim — The home of Hela.
Hermod — The name of Odin's messenger. It signifies, "a
host," or "army of courage."
Himinbiörg — Heimdall's abode. The name signifies, "heavenly
Hlidskjalf — The name of Odin's
throne, from whence he looked over
the earth. It means literally, "a trembling or
Hödur or Höd — The
blind god. His name means, "war,
Hœnir — The god of mind or
perception. He is sometimes
called the rapid As, or Long-foot.
Hringhorn — Literally, s"ringed horn."
The name of Baldur's ship.
Hrym orRyme — Name of a
giant, from whence "rime frost."
Hugi or Hugin — Spirit,
breath, thought. The name of one
of Odin's ravens.
Hvergelmir — The roaring cauldron, or
spring of hot water,
which bubbled up out of Niflheim.
Hymir — Name of a giant. From
hum, "the sea."
Hyrrokin — Literally, "smoky fire."
The name of a giantess.
Idūn — Guardian of the apples
Jarnvid — Iron Wood.
Jörmungand — Universal serpent.
Jötunheim — Giants' home.
Grimm thinks that the old Norse for giant,
iotun, is cognate with the old Saxon eten,
and may be derived from eta, "to eat."
Kerlaug — One of the rivers through which
Thor had to wade
on his way to the Doomstead.
Körmt — Another of the rivers
through which Thor waded.
Kvasir — Name of a man killed by
dwarfs; also of one of
Læding — Name of one of the chains
used to bind Fenrir.
Landvidi — Vidar's abode. Literally,
Logi — Flame.
Loki — Either flame, or
derived from luka, "to shut;" whence
the English "lock."
Lyngvi — The island of sweet broom.
Magni — The powerful. One of Thor's sons.
Manheim — The abode of men.
Mani — The moon.
Mardöll — Sea-nymph; from whence,
perhaps, the English word, "doll."
Megingjardir — Thor's girdle of might,
the belt of prowess.
Midgard — Name applied to the
earth; "middle-ward," or "inclosure."
Mimer — Guardian of Wisdom's Well.
The name signifies, "to keep in memory," or "to be
mindful." Mimer's Well was supposed to be
situated at that end of the rainbow
opposite to Himinbiörg. Mimer drank water
from his well
out of a horn whence the popular superstition that a
cup is to be found at the end of the rainbow.
Miölnir — Name of Thor's hammer.
It signifies, "to pound or grind;" whence
the English word "mill."
Mödgudur — Name of the woman
who stood at the end of the
bridge leading to Helheim. It signifies,
from whence the English word "mood."
Modi — The name of one of Thor's sons.
It signifies, "courage."
Munin — Name of one of Odin's ravens.
It signifies, "memory."
Muspelheim — The Muspellhome. Muspell
means "elemental fire."
Naglfar — Name of the ship that
appears at Ragnarök, made
of nails. Nagl means "nail."
Nanna — Baldur's wife.
The name signifies, "daring."
Nari — One of Loki's sons.
The name signifies "binding."
Naströnd — Literally,
"the shore of corpses."
Nidhögg — Serpent at the root
of Yggdrasil. The name may be
rendered "dark gnawer."
Niflheim — Literally, "nebulous home."
Njörd — A Van, the universal
nourishing power in air and
water. There is in the North an aquatic plant
still called "Njörd's glove."
Nöatun — The name of Njörd's
dome. It means, "the place of ships."
Nornir — singular Norn — Name given
to the Fates.
Odin — Called by the Saxons
Wodan or Woden. Several
places still retain the name of Odin in Germany
as, also, Wednesbury, in Staffordshire.
Odur — The name of Freyja's husband.
Ragnarok — The twilight of the gods.
Ran — Wife of Ægir. Her name
signifies, "plunder, robbery."
Ratatosk — The name of the squirrel
which ran up and down
Roska — The sister of Thialfi, Thor's
attendant. The name signifies, "quick, lively, active;"
from whence comes the
English word "rash."
Sœhrimnir — Name of the boar
every evening eaten in Valhalla.
Sessrymnir — The name of Freyja's hall.
It signifies "seat roomy;" from whence the English
Sif — Name of Thor's wife.
Siguna — Name of Loki's wife.
Siofna — Daughter of Freyja and
goddess of sleep.
Skadi — The wife of Niörd.
Skadi signifies, "the hurtful."
Her habitation was Thrymheim, "noise-home."
Skidbladnir — Name of Frey's ship.
The English word "blade," or "leaf," comes from Bladnir.
Skirnir — Frey's messenger. The
name signifies, "serene, pure, clear."
The English word "sheer" comes from it.
Skrymir — Name of a giant.
From skrum, "show, brag, feint."
Skuld — One of the Nornir. Skald
signifies, "what is to come."
Sleipnir — Name of Odin's horse.
He had eight legs. Sleipnir
signifies, "smooth, gliding;" from whence the English
Sol — The sun.
Surt or Surtur — The fire-god,
who lived in Muspellheim. His
name signifies, "swart, browned by fire."
Suttung — A giant, whose name means, "to drink."
Svartalfheim or Svartheim — Literally,
"swart or dark home." It was the region of the dwarfs,
or dark elves.
Thaukt — Name of a witch.
Thialfi — One of Thor's attendants.
Supposed to mean "the thunder-shower."
Thiassi — Name of Skadi's father.
It signifies, "violent, tempestuous."
Thor — God of thunder. Also called
Ving-Thor, or Winged-Thor; Auku, or
Thrudvang or Thrudheim — Thor's abode. The name signifies,
"the region of fortitude," or "dense, closely packed
Thrynheim — Noise-home.
Tyr — The god after whom Tuesday was named.
 Urd — One of the Nornir. Her name
Urda — The name of the
sacred fount, which was situated over
Utgard — The name of the chief
city of Jötunheim. Literally,
Valhalla — Name of a hall in Gladsheim.
It means literally, "hall of the chosen."
Valkyrior — singular, Valkyria — Odin's maidens.
The name means literally, "choosers of the slain."
Vanaheim — The home of the Vanir.
Vanir — singular masculine, Van;
singular feminine, Vana — The name of the
gods of the air and water. Vanr signifies,
Vegtam — A wanderer.
Verdandi — One of the Nornir.
Her name signifies, "present."
Vidar — The silent god.
signifies, "a wood or forest."
Vidblain — The wide blue.
Vigrid — Name of the battle-field on
which the gods and the
evil powers contended during Ragnarök.
Vigrid signifies, "battle, ride."
Vingolf — Abode of the goddesses.
Means literally, "the floor of friends."
Volsupá — The name of an old poem.
Yggdrasil — The name of the earth tree.
Ymir — The first giant. Ymir means, "a confused noise."