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 IT must be a marvel to you how, after having five times met with shipwreck and unheard of perils, I could
again tempt fortune and risk fresh trouble. I am even surprised myself when I look back, but evidently it was
my fate to rove, and after a year of repose I prepared to make a sixth voyage, regardless of the entreaties of
my friends and relations, who did all they could to keep me at home. Instead of going by the Persian Gulf, I
travelled a considerable way overland, and finally embarked from a distant Indian port with a captain who
meant to make a long voyage. And truly he did so, for we fell in with stormy weather which drove us completely
out of our course, so that for many days neither captain nor pilot knew where we were, nor where we were
going. When they did at last discover our position we had small ground for rejoicing, for the captain, casting
his turban upon the deck and tearing his beard, declared that we were in the most dangerous spot upon the
whole wide sea, and had been caught by a current which was at that minute sweeping us to destruction. It was
too true! In spite of all the sailors could do we were driven with frightful rapidity towards the foot of a
mountain, which rose sheer out of the sea, and our vessel was dashed to pieces upon the rocks at its base,
not, however, until we had managed to scramble on shore, carrying with us the most precious of our
possessions. When we had done this the captain said to us:
"Now we are here we may as well begin to dig our
 graves at once, since from this fatal spot no shipwrecked mariner has ever returned."
This speech discouraged us much, and we began to lament over our sad fate.
The mountain formed the seaward boundary of a large island, and the narrow strip of rocky shore upon which we
stood was strewn with the wreckage of a thousand gallant ships, while the bones of the luckless mariners shone
white in the sunshine, and we shuddered to think how soon our own would be added to the heap. All around, too,
lay vast quantities of the costliest merchandise, and treasures were heaped in every cranny of the rocks, but
all these things only added to the desolation of the scene. It struck me as a very strange thing that a river
of clear fresh water, which gushed out from the mountain not far from where we stood, instead of flowing into
the sea as rivers generally do, turned off sharply, and flowed out of sight under a natural archway of rock,
and when I went to examine it more closely I found that inside the cave the walls were thick with diamonds,
and rubies, and masses of crystal, and the floor was strewn with ambergris. Here, then, upon this desolate
shore we abandoned ourselves to our fate, for there was no possibility of scaling the mountain, and if a ship
had appeared it could only have shared our doom. The first thing our captain did was to divide equally amongst
us all the food we possessed, and then the length of each man's life depended on the time he could make his
portion last. I myself could live upon very little.
Nevertheless, by the time I had buried the last of my companions my stock of provisions was so small that I
hardly thought I should live long enough to dig my own grave, which I set about doing, while I regretted
bitterly the roving disposition which was always bringing me into such straits, and thought longingly of all
the comfort and luxury that I had left. But luckily for me the fancy took me to stand once
 more beside the river where it plunged out of sight in the depths of the cavern, and as I did so an idea
struck me. This river which hid itself underground doubtless emerged again at some distant spot. Why should I
not build a raft and trust myself to its swiftly flowing waters? If I perished before I could reach the light
of day once more I should be no worse off than I was now, for death stared me in the face, while there was
always the possibility that, as I was born under a lucky star, I might find myself safe and sound in some
desirable land. I decided at any rate to risk it, and speedily built myself a stout raft of drift-wood with
strong cords, of which enough and to spare lay strewn upon the beach. I then made up many packages of rubies,
emeralds, rock crystal, ambergris, and precious stuffs, and bound them upon my raft, being careful to preserve
the balance, and then I seated myself upon it, having two small oars that I had fashioned laid ready to my
hand, and loosed the cord which held it to the bank. Once out in the current my raft flew swiftly under the
gloomy archway, and I found myself in total darkness, carried smoothly forward by the rapid river. On I went
as it seemed to me for many nights and days. Once the channel became so small that I had a narrow escape of
being crushed against the rocky roof, and after that I took the precaution of lying flat upon my precious
bales. Though I only ate what was absolutely necessary to keep myself alive, the inevitable moment came when,
after swallowing my last morsel of food, I began to wonder if I must after all die of hunger. Then, worn out
with anxiety and fatigue, I fell into a deep sleep, and when I again opened my eyes I was once more in the
light of day; a beautiful country lay before me, and my raft, which was tied to the river bank, was surrounded
by friendly looking black men. I rose and saluted them, and they spoke to me in return, but I could not
understand a word of their language. Feeling perfectly bewildered by my sudden
 return to life and light, I murmured to myself in Arabic, "Close thine eyes, and while thou sleepest Heaven
will change thy fortune from evil to good."
One of the natives, who understood this tongue, then came forward saying:
"My brother, be not surprised to see us; this is our land, and as we came to get water from the river we
noticed your raft floating down it, and one of us swam out and brought you to the shore. We have waited for
your awakening; tell us now whence you come and where you were going by that dangerous way?"
I replied that nothing would please me better than to tell them, but that I was starving, and would fain eat
something first. I was soon supplied with all I needed, and having satisfied my hunger I told them faithfully
all that had befallen me. They were lost in wonder at my tale when it was interpreted to them, and said that
adventures so surprising must be related to their king only by the man to whom they had happened. So,
procuring a horse, they mounted me upon it, and we set out, followed by several strong men carrying my raft
just as it was upon their shoulders. In this order we marched into the city of Serendib, where the natives
presented me to their king, whom I saluted in the Indian fashion, prostrating myself at his feet and kissing
the ground; but the monarch bade me rise and sit beside him, asking first what was my name.
"I am Sindbad," I replied, "whom men call `the Sailor,' for I have voyaged much upon many seas."
"And how come you here?" asked the king.
I told my story, concealing nothing, and his surprise and delight were so great that he ordered my adventures
to be written in letters of gold and laid up in the archives of his kingdom.
Presently my raft was brought in and the bales opened in his presence, and the king declared that in all his
treasury there were no such rubies and emeralds as
 those which lay in great heaps before him. Seeing that he looked at them with interest, I ventured to say that
I myself and all that I had were at his disposal, but he answered me smiling:
"Nay, Sindbad. Heaven forbid that I should covet your riches; I will rather add to them, for I desire that you
shall not leave my kingdom without some tokens of my good will." He then commanded his officers to provide me
with a suitable lodging at his expense, and sent slaves to wait upon me and carry my raft and my bales to my
new dwelling place. You may imagine that I praised his generosity and gave him grateful thanks, nor did I fail
to present myself daily in his audience chamber, and for the rest of my time I amused myself in seeing all
that was most worthy of attention in the city. The island of Serendib being situated on the equinoctial line,
the days and nights there are of equal length. The chief city is placed at the end of a beautiful valley,
formed by the highest mountain in the world, which is in the middle of the island. I had the curiosity to
ascend to its very summit, for this was the place to which Adam was banished out of Paradise. Here are found
rubies and many precious things, and rare plants grow abundantly, with cedar trees and cocoa palms. On the
seashore and at the mouths of the rivers the divers seek for pearls, and in some valleys diamonds are
plentiful. After many days I petitioned the king that I might return to my own country, to which he graciously
consented. Moreover, he loaded me with rich gifts, and when I went to take leave of him he entrusted me with a
royal present and a letter to the Commander of the Faithful, our sovereign lord, saying, "I pray you give
these to the Caliph Haroun al Raschid, and assure him of my friendship."
I accepted the charge respectfully, and soon embarked upon the vessel which the king himself had chosen for
me. The king's letter was written in blue characters upon a rare and precious skin of yellowish colour, and
 these were the words of it: "The King of the Indies, before whom walk a thousand elephants, who lives in a
palace, of which the roof blazes with a hundred thousand rubies, and whose treasure house contains twenty
thousand diamond crowns, to the Caliph Haroun al Raschid sends greeting. Though the offering we present to you
is unworthy of your notice, we pray you to accept it as a mark of the esteem and friendship which we cherish
for you, and of which we gladly send you this token, and we ask of you a like regard if you deem us worthy of
it. Adieu, brother."
The present consisted of a vase carved from a single ruby, six inches high and as thick as my finger; this was
filled with the choicest pearls, large, and of perfect shape and lustre; secondly, a huge snake skin, with
scales as large as a sequin, which would preserve from sickness those who slept upon it. Then quantities of
aloes wood, camphor, and pistachio-nuts; and lastly, a beautiful slave girl, whose robes glittered with
After a long and prosperous voyage we landed at Balsora, and I made haste to reach Bagdad, and taking the
king's letter I presented myself at the palace gate, followed by the beautiful slave, and various members of
my own family, bearing the treasure.
As soon as I had declared my errand I was conducted into the presence of the Caliph, to whom, after I had made
my obeisance, I gave the letter and the king's gift, and when he had examined them he demanded of me whether
the Prince of Serendib was really as rich and powerful as he claimed to be.
"Commander of the Faithful," I replied, again bowing humbly before him, "I can assure your Majesty that he has
in no way exaggerated his wealth and grandeur. Nothing can equal the magnificence of his palace. When he goes
abroad his throne is prepared upon the back of an elephant, and on either side of him ride his ministers, his
 favourites, and courtiers. On his elephant's neck sits an officer, his golden lance in his hand, and behind
him stands another bearing a pillar of gold, at the top of which is an emerald as long as my hand. A thousand
men in cloth of gold, mounted upon richly caparisoned elephants, go before him, and as the procession moves
onward the officer who guides his elephant cries aloud, `Behold the mighty monarch, the powerful and valiant
Sultan of the Indies, whose palace is covered with a hundred thousand rubies, who possesses twenty thousand
diamond crowns. Behold a monarch greater than Solomon and Mihrage in all their glory!'"
"Then the one who stands behind the throne answers: 'This king, so great and powerful, must die, must die,
"And the first takes up the chant again, `All praise to Him who lives for evermore.'"
"Further, my lord, in Serendib no judge is needed, for to the king himself his people come for justice."
The Caliph was well satisfied with my report.
"From the king's letter," said he, "I judged that he was a wise man. It seems that he is worthy of his people,
and his people of him."
So saying he dismissed me with rich presents, and I returned in peace to my own house.
When Sindbad had done speaking his guests withdrew, Hindbad having first received a hundred sequins, but all
returned next day to hear the story of the seventh voyage, Sindbad thus began.