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Home Geography by  C. C. Long
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FOREST TREES

IN your walks what things please you the most? Is it not the trees? Trees are very useful to us, and we ought to be very grateful for them.

Name some trees along the streets and in the parks. Are they useful to us, especially on a hot day? Why? Then what kind of trees do we call them? (Shade.) Which [100] of these are the first to put on their green dresses in the spring? Which are the brightest in autumn?

Name some trees that grow in the woods.

Name a tree whose wood is dark. A tree whose wood is light. A tree whose wood is hard. A tree whose wood is soft.

Name some trees that are valued for the color and hardness, or the beautiful grain, of their wood.


[Illustration]

A SHADY STREET

[101] What kind of wood are the desks made of? The teacher's table?

What kinds of wood are used in making chairs? tables? pianos? windows? floors?

If we wish to make a carriage, omnibus, cart, or wagon, which wood should we use? Why?

From which trees do we get lumber for building?

Can you name a wood which is very hard and tough, and is used in building ships?

What do we call many trees together, like these?

What is Arbor Day? Why need we plant trees?

What do we plant when we plant the tree?

We plant the houses for you and me.

We plant the rafters, the shingles, the floors,

We plant the studding, the laths, the doors,

The beams and siding, all parts that be—

We plant the house when we plant the tree.


What do we plant when we plant the tree?

A thousand things that we daily see.

[102]

We plant tie spire that out-towers the crag,

We plant the staff for our country's flag,

We plant the shade, from the hot sun free—

We plant all these when we plant the tree.

There are trees much larger than any we find growing here. I am sure you must have heard of the great trees of California. Some of them are one hundred feet around, and nearly four hundred feet high,—twice as high as a very tall steeple. In one of these trees, if hollowed out, a large family might live.


[Illustration]

GREAT TREES OF CALIFORNIA

In your rambles in the woods, notice and examine the trees which you see. Learn to [103] know the trees so that you can call them by their proper names.

Draw and paint some of the objects noticed; as grains, vegetables, trees, etc. You will enjoy this very much, and it will help you to see these things better.


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