FORMS OF LAND AND WATER
 YOU all know what a pond is. Is there a pond near where you live? Did you ever fish in it? Did you
ever walk round it?
When a stream, on its way to the ocean, flows into a basin or hollow in the land, the water spreads
out and fills it. A hollow in the land filled with water is called a lake, or, if it be quite small,
What is a lake made of? What is round it? Suppose some one who never saw a lake were to ask you what
a lake is, what would you say?
What do we find in lakes? Would you not like to sail on a lake?
In the hollows among mountains are great numbers of beautiful lakes. In their clear waters may be
seen the mountains, the forests, and the sky, as in a looking-glass. At night the moon and stars may
be seen below you as plainly as above.
 Here is a picture of a pretty lake in a valley.
A PRETTY LAKE IN A VALLEY
You see a river flowing from the hills beyond. Into what is it flowing? The river that lets the
water into the lake is called an inlet.
You see another river that lets the water out of the lake. This
river we call the outlet of the
Make a lake on your molding-board, or in the sand near your home. Represent its inlet and outlet.
Out in the lake is a little piece of land round
 which the waters play. We could not go to this land
without crossing the water; the water is on all sides of it. Such a little piece of land is called
Did you ever read the story of Robinson Crusoe? You will remember that he went up a hill in search
of water. When he got to the top of the hill, he saw that he was on an island. How did he know?
Have you ever seen an island? What island was it? Could you sail round it? What was on every side of
it? What grew on it? What is an island?
If there is a brook or lake near your home, how can you make an island?
Opposite is a picture of a river and a lake. Make a map of the same river and lake on your slate.
Notice how the coast or shore of the lake bends in and out.
Write the following:
A lake is water surrounded by land.
The land near the water of a lake is called its shore.
An island is a little piece of land surrounded by water.
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