MORE ABOUT FORMS OF LAND AND WATER
 IN the picture we see a narrow strip of land which extends far out into the water. You will notice
that the land has water all round; except at one place.
PICTURE OF A PENINSULA
What is the name for land that has water on all sides but one? What is a peninsula? An island, as we
have learned, is a piece of land with water all round it. Now, sometimes we see a piece of land that
has water nearly all round it. This form of land is called a peninsula. The word peninsula means
almost an island.
MAP OF A PENINSULA
How would you change this peninsula to an island? What is the difference between a peninsula and an
The narrow neck which joins the peninsula to other land—just as the neck joins the head to the
body-is called an isthmus, which means neck.
Here is another picture which I wish you to look at. You see where the shore bends like a bow; and
the water runs a little way into the land.
PICTURE OF A BAY
Can you think of anything else that is bent like this? Yes-a bay-window.
Now, when I tell yon that bay means the same as bow, you can almost guess the name for this bend in
the land. It is called a bay. You will easily remember that little word.
A wide opening or bend in the land, into which the water flows, is usually called a bay.
MAP OF A BAY
Sometimes, when the opening in the bend is long and narrow, it is called a gulf.
On the next page is shown a narrow strip of water joining two larger bodies of water. The name given
to this narrow passage is strait, a word meaning narrow.
PICTURE OF A STRAIT
As an isthmus connects two bodies of land,
 so a strait connects two bodies of water.
MAP OF A STRAIT
After a rain make little lakes, rivers, bays, etc. Perhaps you may find some already made.
See whether you can find in the magazines and books at home pictures of gulfs, bays, peninsulas,
Write the following:
A peninsula is land almost surrounded by water.
An isthmus is a neck of land joining two larger bodies of land.
A gulf or bay is a portion of some large body of water extending into the land.
A strait is a narrow passage of water that joins two larger bodies of water.