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THE ARCHBISHOPS OF CANTERBURY
 WE have now at last come to the choir and Trinity Chapel;
and going up the great stone staircase which we saw in front of us when we were
standing in the nave, and through the iron gates at the top of it, we find
ourselves in the choir. In front of us is the altar, and to our right and to our
left are the second transepts about which I told you.
Standing as we are here in the choir, we see the tombs and monuments of six
archbishops: Archbishop Kemp,
and Archbishop Sudbury
on the right-hand side as we look towards the altar, and Archbishop Bouchier,
on the left. Five are buried here, and one, Archbishop Howley, is buried in
Addington churchyard. The stories of all six are most interesting, but I must
not do more than tell you just a few words about each, so that when you come to
read about them by-and-by, you may remember their names and that you saw their
tombs in Canterbury Cathedral.
was one of those soldiers of the Church who fought, not only for the Church, but
also in battle for his King and country. He was with Henry V. at the battle of
Agincourt; and when, on the King's return to England, a great thanksgiving was
held in Canterbury Cathedral, it was Archbishop Kemp who read the service.
you may already have heard of, for he was one of the twelve guardians appointed
to look after little King Edward III. while he was still a child. But Queen
 the King's mother, and her counsellor, the Earl of Mortimer, were jealous of
these twelve men; they wished to get rid of them, and themselves rule the King
and the kingdom, and they were constantly plotting and planning as to how this
was to be done. At last Stratford, who was then Bishop of Winchester, was
obliged to fly for his life. With a little band of faithful friends he took
refuge in the forests, where, in those days, outlaws and thieves lived by
robbing travellers. It was a curious life for a bishop, but the robbers never
harmed him or his followers. On the contrary, they used to come to the services
which the bishop held every day in the woods, after which the whole congregation
went a-hunting, for otherwise they would have starved. For some time this went
on; then Mortimer died, and then once again Stratford was safe. Once again he
left the forest, and very glad he must have been that for him, at any rate, the
wild life in the woods was over at last. Not long afterwards he was made
Archbishop of Canterbury.
 Archbishop Sudbury's
is the next tomb. You most likely remember the story of the riots at the
beginning of the reign of Richard II., when Wat Tyler persuaded the men of Kent
to rebel against the King, whom they believed was trying to oppress them. They
specially hated the archbishop, the friend and adviser of Richard. The riot, as
you know, was soon put an end to—for the King himself rode out to meet the
rebels, to hear their complaints, and to promise to consider them—but not before
much harm had been done. On their way up to London the rebels had passed through
Canterbury, and had taken the archbishop prisoner. He was carried up to London,
and, after being imprisoned in the Tower, his head was cut off on Tower Hill.
When the riots were over, his body was taken back to Canterbury and buried here
in the choir.
may be chiefly remembered because he was archbishop for such a long
time—thirty-two years; and because he crowned
 during that time three Kings of England—Edward IV., Richard III., and Henry VII.
The monument to old Archbishop Howley,
who died in 1848, when he was eighty-three years old, and was buried in the
little village of Addington, stands between the tombs of Bouchier and Chicheley.
He it was who crowned Queen Victoria, on that June morning—June 28, 1838—so many
years ago. Not only did he crown the Queen, but he also confirmed her, when she
was sixteen years old, and married her to Prince Albert, in the Chapel Royal of
St. James's Palace.
is the last of the six archbishops commemorated here in the choir. This tomb is
the most decorated of any in Canterbury Cathedral, and it is looked after and
kept in order by the College of All Souls, at Oxford, which he founded more than
four hundred and fifty years ago. On the outside you will see a full-length
figure of the archbishop in all his robes.
 Now, as we pass through the little iron gate an our right hand, we find
ourselves in the second transept about which I told you, and which is called the
south transept of the choir. This transept is used as a chapel for the boys of
the old King's School—the school where Bishop Broughton and George Gipps first
met as boys. Here, every Sunday afternoon at five o'clock, they have their
school service, instead of coming to the three-o'clock service in the choir.
Here, too, you will see a beautiful bit of carving by Grinling Gibbons, who
carved the choir-stalls in St. Paul's Cathedral. This is the old archbishop's
throne, which was moved here when the new one,
which we passed on our right hand just as we came out of the choir gate, was put
up. The two little chapels in the south transept are those of St. John the
and St. Gregory.
Leaving the south transept, and walking along the south aisle of the choir, we
next pass the
 little chapel of St. Anselm.
In front of us are two large iron gates, and going through these and up the
stone steps, we find ourselves at last in Trinity Chapel, where the Black Prince
and Henry IV. are buried, and where, in the very centre, the shrine of Thomas à
Becket used to stand. As we come into the chapel, we see, on our left hand, a
black tomb, with the figure of a man in black armour, lying with his head
resting on his helmet. This is the tomb of Edward the Black Prince.
In the next chapter you will find the story of his life, and those of you who
know it too well to want to read it again, must miss that chapter and go on to