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JAMES IV.—THE STORY OF A GREAT SEA FIGHT
 KING JAMES III. was only thirty-five when he was murdered in
1488 A.D., having reigned for twenty-eight years.
The battle did not last long after the King had fled from the field. The rebels won the victory, and soon after, Prince
James was crowned, under the title of James IV.
But at first no one knew what had happened to James III. At this time Scotland was beginning to be famous for her ships
and her brave sea-captains. Sir Andrew Wood, one
of the bravest of these sea-captains, was lying in the Forth with his
ships. As the King could be nowhere found, the lords began to think that perhaps he had taken refuge in one of Sir
Andrew's boats. So they sent messengers to Sir Andrew, asking him if the King were with him.
"He is not here," replied Sir Andrew. "Search my ship if you do not believe me."
So the messengers went back. But the Prince and the lords were not content. They again sent to Sir Andrew commanding him
to come ashore.
Sir Andrew came as he was commanded. He was a very handsome man, and was grandly dressed. As he came into the room he
looked so splendid that the Prince ran to him crying, "Sir, are you my father?"
"No," answered Sir Andrew, the tears running down
 his cheeks, "no, I am not your father. But I was his true servant, and the enemy of all those who rebelled against him."
At these words the Prince turned away sadly, for he had most unwillingly risen against his father.
"Do you know where the King is?" asked
the lords sternly, for they did not like to be spoken of as rebels.
"I do not," replied Sir Andrew scornfully.
Still the lords did not believe him. "Is he not in your ship?" they asked again.
"He is not," replied Sir Andrew. "But would to God he were there safely, and I should defend and keep him from the
traitors who murdered him. I hope to see the day when they shall be hanged for their evil deeds."
These bold answers made the lords very angry,
and when Sir Andrew had gone back to his ship,
they called all the sea-captains of Leith together, and
ordered them to fight Sir Andrew and to take him prisoner.
But the captains refused, and another brave sailor, called Sir Andrew Barton, spoke up bravely, "There are not ten ships
in Scotland," he said, "fit to fight Sir Andrew's two, for he is well practised in war, and his men are hard to beat on
land or sea."
Later, Sir Andrew Wood came to great honour, for James IV. was fond of ships, and was glad that Scotland should have
brave sailors like Andrew Wood and Andrew Barton.
James saw, too, that it was necessary for Scotland to have a navy. For an island lying in the sea must have ships to
guard her shores, and also to carry goods to other countries. People were at this time slowly beginning to learn that a
country was richer and happier when at peace, and that it was much better to trade with other nations, than to fight
with them. They were also finding out
 that Europe was not the whole world, and many brave sailors had sailed into far, unknown seas, and discovered strange
lands, and had come home with curious tales of the wonderful countries and peoples they had seen. So James built ships,
and encouraged his people to fish in far seas, and to trade with distant countries, and soon the Scottish flag was known
and respected far and wide.
Among the ships which James built was one called the Great Michael. It was the greatest ship that had ever been
known. All the carpenters in Scotland worked upon her for a year and a day, till she was ready to put to sea. All the
forests of Fife were cut down to get wood for the building of this monster, which cumbered all Scotland to get her to
sea, says one old writer. King James was so interested in this great ship that he used daily to go on board to watch how
the work was going on, and would often dine there with his lords. At last she was finished, and sailed proudly out on
the waters of the Forth. Then the King commanded that cannon should be fired at her sides, to see if the vessel was
strong enough to stand fire. And the Great Michael was so well and strongly built, that the cannon did little harm to
The English, too, had great ships, and they used to attack the Scots whenever they met upon the sea. They would even
come right up the Scottish Sea, as the Firth of Forth was then often called. King James was very angry at this, and he
sent Sir Andrew Wood against the English; and Sir Andrew, with his two ships, the Yellow Carrel and the Flower,
beat five of the English, and carried their captains and men prisoner to the King.
When King Henry heard how his ships had been taken, he was very angry. He sent through all England, saying, that whoever
would go to fight Sir Andrew, and bring him prisoner, should have great honour, and a
 thousand pounds in gold. So Stephen Bull, a daring sailor, said that he would go and would bring Sir Andrew, alive or
dead, a prisoner to King Henry.
Stephen Bull, with three great ships, sailed away till he came to the Firth of Forth. There he found some fishing-boats,
whose crews he took prisoner.
Then he sailed on again, but still could see nothing of Sir Andrew. Very early one summer morning, however, an English
sailor on the look-out saw two ships far away. Stephen Bull made some of the fishermen, whom he had taken prisoner,
climb the mast, so that they might see whether it was Sir Andrew or not.
But the fishermen, not wishing to betray their own countryman, said that they did not know.
"Tell me truly," said Stephen, "and whether we win or lose, you shall have your lives and liberty."
Then the men confessed that the ships were the Yellow Carvel and the Flower.
Hearing that, Stephen was very glad. He ordered a cask of wine to be brought up, and all the men and captains cheered,
and drank to their victory, of which they felt sure. Then Stephen sent each man to his post, and prepared to meet the
Sir Andrew Wood, on the other hand, came sailing along, little expecting to meet any English. But when he saw three
ships coming towards him in battle array, "Ha," he said, "yonder come the English who would make us prisoners to the
King of England. But, please God, they shall fail in their purpose."
He, too, ordered a cask of wine to be brought, and every man drank to his fellow, and, speaking brave words to them, Sir
Andrew sent each man to his post.
SIR ANDREW WITH HIS TWO SHIPS, THE YELLOW CARVEL AND
THE FLOWER BEAT FOUR OF THE ENGLISH.
By this time the sun had risen high, and shone brightly upon the sails. The English ships were great
 and strong, and had many guns, but the Scots were not afraid, and they sailed on towards the English. Soon cannon
boomed, and the fight began. All that long summer day the battle raged, the heavy smoke darkening the blue sky. The
people who lived on the shore watched and wondered, till at last night fell, and the fighting ceased. But next morning,
as soon as it was light, the trumpets sounded, and once more the battle began. So fiercely did it rage, that neither
captains nor sailors took heed of where the ships went. They drifted with the tide, and the fight, which had begun in
the Forth, finished near the mouth of the Tay. It ended in victory for the Scots.
Instead of being taken prisoner to Henry, Sir Andrew took Stephen Bull and all his men, and led them before King James.
King James thanked and rewarded Sir Andrew greatly, then he sent Stephen and his men back to England. "And tell your
King," he said, "that we have as manful men, both by sea and land, in Scotland, as he has in England. Tell him to send
no more of his captains to disturb my people. If he does, they shall not be treated so well next time."
And King Henry was well pleased neither with the news, nor with the message.