ROBERT III.—THE STORY OF THE DUKE OF ROTHESAY
 THE Duke of Rothesay, although he was wild and wicked, was handsome and had pleasant manners, and the people loved him. He
had many friends and Albany had few, and Parliament decided that as the King was ill, and could not himself rule, his
son, the Duke, should be Governor.
Albany had always hated Rothesay; now that he was obliged to yield the power to him, he hated him more than ever.
Soon after this the truce with England came to an end, and the Scottish Borderers, who had been waiting eagerly for that
time to come, once more broke into England and laid the country waste. The English Borderers too were not slow to fight,
and soon the terrible wars were raging as fiercely as before.
The King of England, who was now called Henry, remembering the old claim of the English Kings to be over-lords of
Scotland, determined to conquer the country. He sent a letter to King Robert, telling him that he meant to march to
Edinburgh, there to receive his homage.
King Robert took no notice of this letter, but treated it with silent scorn. Then Henry, gathering a great army, marched
into Scotland. He marched right on to Edinburgh. There Rothesay, who commanded the castle,
 sent a fiery letter to King Henry. In it he told Henry that he had only come into Scotland for love of plunder, and
dared him to settle the quarrel by a tournament between an equal number of knights from either side. To this Henry would
not listen, and he began to besiege Edinburgh.
Albany had meanwhile gathered an army, and he now came marching toward Edinburgh. But instead of helping his nephew, he
encamped a little way off and did nothing. This made the people very angry, for they believed that Albany wanted King
Henry to defeat the Duke of Rothesay, and either to kill or take him prisoner.
Winter was coming on. The English had eaten up all the food they had, and they began to starve. Many of them, too, had
died of sickness and cold. And last of all Henry heard that the Welsh were rebelling, so he gave up the siege, and
marched back again to England.
This is the last time that an English King ever brought an army into Scotland. When armies came again, they were not led
by the King, but by one of his generals. Unlike all the other armies which had come before, this one did little damage.
For Henry did not allow his troops to burn and ravage as they went, but made them march peacefully and quietly through
While his country was in danger, the Duke of Rothesay had fought well, and kept the castle of Edinburgh from falling
into the hands of the King of England, but now that the danger was over, he again took to his former wild ways. Albany,
who hated his nephew, was not slow to tell the King all the evil things which he heard about him. At last, the poor old
King, hurt to the heart that his son should do such things, ordered Albany to imprison him until he should promise to
Then Albany was very glad. For many years he had
 longed for the death of Rothesay. Now he felt that he could safely kill him. In those days, it was easy for prisoners to
be killed, for the dungeons were dark and hideous, and it was not wonderful that few should come out alive. And Albany
had the King's orders, signed and sealed by the King's ring, telling him to put the Prince in prison.
So one day as the Duke rode towards St. Andrews, attended only by a few followers, he was suddenly seized by Albany and
his friends. Rothesay was first taken to the castle of St. Andrews, but that was not secret or safe enough to please his
wicked uncle. So in a storm of wind and rain, mounted upon a cart horse, and with only a rough peasant's cloak thrown
over his beautiful clothes, he was rudely hurried away to the castle of Falkland, which belonged to Albany. There he was
thrown into a dark and gloomy dungeon under the castle walls.
He had no light except what came through the tiny barred window, just above the ground. He was given no food, no drink.
His cruel uncle meant him to die by one of the most terrible of deaths. He meant him to starve.
In this dungeon he remained day and night without food, or drink, or light, until he cried aloud in pain. The daughter
of the Governor of the castle heard his cries, and she came to the window. She knew that dreadful things often happened
in these dark dungeons, and when the poor Prince, dragging himself to the window, told her that he was being starved to
death, she was full of pity. She hurried away, and returned as quickly as she could, with some thin oat-cakes hidden in
the white muslin veil which it was then the fashion for ladies to wear on their heads. It was all that she dared to
bring, for fear of the soldiers who watched. Day after day she went, pretending to walk in the garden, and
 always she stopped at the little window, and let the oat-cakes drop through the bars. Another woman gave the Duke milk,
but all that those two kind women could bring him was not enough to satisfy his terrible hunger, and soon even that was
stopped, for the cruel jailors began to wonder why the Duke did not die. They watched more carefully than before, and
when they found out what the Governor's daughter and her servant were doing, they put them to death. The poor Duke was
now left without a single friend, and one morning his groans ceased and there was silence in the little cell. He was
Then the Duke of Albany caused it to be made known that the Prince had become ill, and had died in prison. Every one
believed that he had been murdered by his uncle, but no one dared to tell this to the poor old King, who wept and
mourned greatly for the loss of his son, whom he had loved very dearly, in spite of his wildness and wickedness.
Albany now once more became Regent, for although King Robert had another son called James, he was only a little boy, too
young to rule. But King Robert began to be afraid of his brother. He began to feel sure that he had murdered Rothesay.
So to keep his son James safe, he made up his mind to send him to France, pretending that he thought he would receive a
better education there than in Scotland.
A ship was fitted out, and, accompanied by several nobles, the young Prince James, who was about nine years old, set out
The weather was fine, and they sailed along without fear, for there was a truce between England and Scotland at the
time. But in spite of the truce, they had not gone far when an armed English ship came sailing towards
 them and attacked them. The Prince was taken prisoner and carried away to the King of England.
When they were led before him, the nobles fell upon their knees, and begged him to set the Prince free, reminding him
that the two kingdoms were at peace, and that to take the Prince prisoner was an act of war. But King Henry only laughed
at all they said. "If King Robert had been truly friendly," he said, "he would have sent his son to England to be
taught. For I know French indifferently well, and nowhere could he find a better master."
So instead of going to France, the poor little Prince was put into an English prison.
When this news was brought to King Robert he was sitting at supper. As he listened to the messenger, his face grew pale
and he fell forward senseless. His servants thought that he had died. They carried him to his room and laid him upon his
bed. There he lay like one dead, and indeed he was so full of grief that he did not care to live, and soon after, on the
1st of April 1406 A.D., he died. He had reigned for sixteen years. He was a good and gentle man, but no fit King for
those troublous times.