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NCE on a time there was a King who had a great forest near
his palace, full of all kinds of wild animals. One day
he sent out a huntsman to shot him a roe, but he did
not come back.
"Perhaps some accident has befallen him," said the
King, and the next day he sent out two more huntsmen
who were to search for him, but they too stayed away.
Then on the third day, he sent for all his huntsmen,
and said, "Scour the whole forest through, and do not
give up until ye have found all three." But of these
also, none came home again, and of the pack of hounds
which they had taken with them, none were seen more.
From that time forth, no one would any longer venture
into the forest, and it lay in deep stillness and
solitude. Nothing was seen but sometimes an eagle or a
hawk flying over it. This lasted for many years, when
a strange huntsman came to the King asking for work,
and offered to go into the dangerous forest. The King,
however, would not give his consent, and
 said, "It is not safe in there. I fear it would fare
with you no better than with the others, and you would
never come out again."
The huntsman replied, "Lord, I will venture it at my
own risk; of fear I know nothing."
The huntsman therefore betook himself with his dog to
the forest. It was not long before the dog fell in
with some game, and wanted to pursue it. But hardly
had the dog run two steps when he stood before a deep
pool and could go no farther. Then a naked arm
stretched itself out of the water, seized him, and drew
When the huntsman saw that, he went back and fetched
three men to come with buckets and bale out the water.
When they could see the bottom, there lay a Wild Man
whose body was brown like rusty iron, and whose hair
hung over his face down to his knees. They bound him
with cords, and led him away to the castle.
There was great astonishment over the Wild Man. The
King had him put in an iron cage in his courtyard, and
forbade the door to be open on pain of death, and the
Queen herself was to take the key into her keeping.
And from this time forth, every one could once more go
into the forest with safety.
The King had a song, eight years old, who one day was
playing in the courtyard, and while he was playing, his
golden ball fell into the cage. The boy ran thither
and said, "Give me my ball."
"Not till you have opened the door for me," answered
 "No," said the boy, "I will not do that. The King has
forbidden it," and ran away.
The next day he again went and asked for his ball. The
Wild Man said, "Open my door," but the boy would not.
On the third day when the King had ridden out hunting,
the boy went once more and said, "I cannot open the
door even if I wished, for I have not the key."
Then the Wild Man said, "It likes under your mother's
pillow. You can get it there."
The boy, who wanted to have his ball back, cast all
thought to the winds, and brought the key. The door
opened with difficulty, and the boy pinched his
fingers. When it was open, the Wild Man stepped out,
gave him the golden ball, and hurried away.
But the boy was afraid. HE called and cried after him,
"Oh, Wild Man, do not go away, or I shall be beaten!"
The Wild Man turned back, took him up, set him on his
shoulder, and went with hasty steps into the forest.
When the King came home, he saw the empty cage, and
asked the Queen how that had happened. She knew
nothing about it, and sought the key, but it was gone.
She called the boy, but no one answered. The King sent
out people to seek for him in the fields, but they did
not find him. Then he could easily guess what had
happened, and much grief reigned in the Royal Court.
When the Wild Man had reached once more the dark
forest, he took the boy down from his shoulder, and
said to him, "You will never see your father and mother
again, but I will keep you with me for you have set me
free, and I pity you. If you
 do all I bid you, you shall fare well. Of treasure and
gold have I enough, and more than any one in the
He made a bed of moss for the boy on which he slept.
And the next morning, the man took him to a well, and
said, "Behold, the gold well is as bright and clear as
crystal; you shall sit beside it, and take care that
nothing falls into it, or it will be polluted. I will
come every evening to see if you have obeyed my order."
The boy placed himself by the margin of the well, and
often saw a golden fish or a golden snake show itself
therein, and he took care that nothing fell in. As he
was sitting thus, his finger hurt him so violently that
without thinking he put it in the water. He drew it
quickly out again, but saw that it was quite gilded.
And whatsoever pains he took to wash the gold off
again, all was to no purpose.
In the evening, Iron John came back, looked at the boy,
and said, "What has happened to the well?"
"Nothing, nothing," he answered, and held his finger
behind his back, that the man might not see it.
But he said, "You have dipped your finger into the
water. This time it may pass, but take care you do not
again let anything get in."
At daybreak, the boy was already sitting by the well
and watching it. His finger hurt him again, and he
passed it over his head, and then unhappily a hair fell
down into the well. He took it quickly out, but it was
Iron John came, and already knew what had happened.
"You have let a hair fall into the well," said he. "I
will allow you to watch by it once more, but if this
happens the third
 time, then the well will be polluted, and you can no
longer remain with me.
On the third day, the boy sat by the well, and did not
stir his finger, however much it hurt him. But the
time was long to him, and he looked at the reflection
of his face on the surface of the water. And as he
still bent down more and more trying to look straight
into the eyes, his long hair fell down from his
shoulders into the water. He raised himself up
quickly, but the whole of the hair of his head was
golden, and shone like the sun.
You may imagine how terrified the poor boy was! He
took his pocket-handkerchief and tied it round his
head, in order that the man might not see it.
When he came, he already knew everything, and said,
"Take off the handkerchief." Then the golden hair
streamed forth, and let the boy excuse himself as he
might, it was of no use. "You have not stood the
trial, and can no longer stay here. Go forth into the
world. There you will learn what poverty is. But as
you have not a bad heart, and as I mean well by you,
there is one thing I will grant you. If you fall into
any difficulty, come to the forest and cry, ‘Iron John'
and then I will come and help you. My power is great,
greater than you think, and I have gold and silver in
Then the King's Son left the forest, and walked by
beaten and unbeaten paths ever onward, until at length
he reached a great city. There he looked for work, but
could find none, and he had learnt nothing by which he
could help himself.
At length, he went to the palace, and asked if they
 take him in. The people about Court did not know what
use to make of him, but they liked him, and told him to
stay. At last, the cook took him into his service, and
said he might carry wood and water, and rake the
Once when it happened that no one else was at hand, the
cook ordered him to carry the food to the royal table,
but as he did not like to let his golden hair be seen,
he kept his little hat on. Such a thing as that had
never come under the King's notice, and he said, "When
you serve at the royal table you must take off your
He answered, "Ah, Lord, I cannot."
Then the King had the cook called before him. He
scolded him; and asked how he could take such a boy as
that into his service; and said that he was to turn him
off at once. The cook, however, had pity on him, and
exchanged him for the gardener's boy.
And now, the boy had to plant and water the garden, hoe
and dig, and bear the wind and bad weather.
One day in summer when he was working alone in the
garden, the day was so warm he took his little hat off
that the air might cool him. As the sun shone on his
hair it glittered and flashed so that the rays fell
into the bedroom of the King's Daughter. Up she sprang
to see what it could be. Then she saw the boy, and
cried to him, "Boy, bring me a wreath of flowers."
He put his hat on with all haste, and gathered wild
field-flowers and bound them together. When he was
ascending the stairs with them, the gardener met him,
and said, "How can you take the King's Daughter a
garland of such common
flow-  ers? Go quickly, and get another, and seek out the
prettiest and rarest."
"Oh, no," replied the boy, "the wild ones have more
scent, and will please her better."
When he went into the room, the King's Daughter said,
"Take your cap off, it is not seemly to keep it on in
He again said, "I cannot."
She, however, caught at his hat and pulled it off, and
then his golden hair rolled down on his shoulders. And
it was splendid to behold.
He wanted to run out, but she held him by the arm, and
gave him a handful of ducats. With these he departed,
but he cared nothing for the gold pieces. He took them
to the gardener, and said, "I give them to your
children, they may play with them."
The following day, the King's Daughter again called to
him that he was to bring her a wreath of field-flowers.
When he went in with it, she snatched his hat, and
wanted to take it away from him, but he held it fast
with both hands. She again gave him a handful of
ducats. But he would not keep them, and presented them
to the gardener as playthings for his children.
On the third day, things went just the same. She could
not get his hat away from him, and he would not have
Not long afterward, the country was overrun by war.
The King gathered together his people, and did not know
whether or not he could overcome the enemy, who was
superior in strength and had a mighty army.
 Then said the gardener's boy, "I am grown up, and will
go to the wars also, only give me a horse."
The others laughed, and said, "Seek one for yourself
when we are gone. We will leave once behind us in the
stable for you."
When they had gone forth, he went into the stable, and
got the horse. It was lame of one foot, and limped
hobblety jig, hobblety jig. Nevertheless he
mounted it, and rode away to the dark forest. When he
came to the outskirts, he called "Iron John" three
times so loudly that it echoed through the trees.
Thereupon the Wild Man appeared immediately, and said,
"What do you desire?"
"I want a strong steed, for I am going to the wars."
"That you shall have, and still more than you ask."
Then the Wild Man went back into the forest, and it was
not long before a stable-boy came out of it, who led a
horse that snorted, and could hardly be restrained.
Behind them followed a great troop of soldiers entirely
equipped in iron, and their swords flashed in the sun.
The youth made over his three-legged horse to the
stable-boy, mounted the other, and rode at the head of
When he drew near the battle-field, a great part of the
King's men had already fallen, and little was wanting
to make the rest give way. Then the youth galloped
thither with his iron soldiers, broke like a hurricane
over the enemy, and beat down all who opposed him.
They began to fly, but the youth pursued, and never
stopped, until there was not a single man left.
 Instead, however, of returning to the King, he
conducted his troop by side-roads to the forest, and
called Iron John.
"What do you desire?" asked the Wild Man.
"Take back your horse and troops, and give me my
three-legged horse again." All that he asked was done,
and soon he was riding on his three-legged horse.
When the King returned to his palace, his daughter went
to meet him, and wished him joy of his victory. "I am
not the one who carried away the victory," said he,
"but a stranger Knight who came to my assistance with
his soldiers." The daughter wanted to hear who the
strange Knight was, but the King did not know, and
said, "He followed the enemy, and I did not see him
She inquired of the gardener where his boy was, but he
smiled, and said, "He has just come home on his
three-legged horse, and the other have been mocking
him, and crying, ‘Here comes our hobblety jig back
again!' They asked, too, ‘Under what hedge have you
been lying sleeping all the time?' He, however,
answered, ‘I did the best of all, and it would have
gone badly without me.' And then he was ridiculed
The King said to his daughter, "I will proclaim a great
feast that shall last for three days, and you shall
throw a Golden Apple. Perhaps the unknown will come to
When the feast was announced, the youth went out to the
forest, and called Iron John.
"What do you desire?" asked he.
"That I may catch the King's Daughter's Golden Apple."
"It is as safe as if you had it already," said Iron
 "You shall likewise have a suit of red armor for the
occasion, and ride on a spirited chestnut horse."
When the day came, the youth galloped to the spot, took
his place amongst the Knights, and was recognized by no
one. The King's Daughter came forward, and threw a
Golden Apple to the Knights. None of them caught it
but he; only as soon as he had it, he galloped away.
On the second day, Iron John equipped him as a white
Knight, and gave him a white horse. Again he was the
only one who caught the apple, and he did not linger an
instant, but galloped off with it.
The King grew angry, and said, "That is not allowed.
He must appear before me and tell his name." He gave
the order that if the Knight who caught the apple
should go away again, they should pursue him and if he
would not come back willingly, they should cut him down
and stab him.
On the third day, he received from Iron John a suit of
black armor and a black horse. Again he caught the
apple. But when he was riding off with it, the King's
attendants pursued him, and one of them got so near
that he wounded the youth's leg with the point of his
sword. The youth nevertheless escaped from them, but
his horse leapt so violently that the helmet fell from
his head, and they could see that he had golden hair.
They rode back and announced this to the King.
The following day, the King's Daughter asked the
gardener about his boy. "He is at work in the garden.
The queer creature has been at the festival too, and
only came home yesterday evening. He has likewise
shown my children three Golden Apples which he has
 The King had him summoned into his presence. He came
and again had his hat on his head. But the King's
Daughter went up to him and took it off. Then his
golden hair fell down over his shoulders, and he was so
handsome that all were amazed.
"Are you the Knight who came every day to the festival,
always in different colors, and who caught the three
Golden Apples?" asked the King.
"Yes," answered he, "and here are the apples," and he
took them out of his pocket, and returned them to the
King. "If you desire further proof, you may see the
wound which your people gave me when they followed me.
But I am likewise the Knight who helped you win your
victory over your enemies."
"If you can perform such deeds as that, you are no
gardener's boy. Tell me, who is your father?"
"My father is a mighty King, and gold have I in plenty
as much as I require."
"I well see," said the King, "that I owe thanks to you.
Can I do anything to please you?"
"Yes," answered he, "that indeed you can. Give me your
daughter to wife."
The maiden laughed, and said, "He does not stand much
on ceremony, but I have already seen by his golden hair
that he is no gardener's boy," and then she went and
His father and mother came to the wedding, and were in
great delight, for they had given up all hope of ever
seeing their dear son again. And as they were sitting
at the marriage-feast, the music suddenly stopped, the
doors opened, and a stately King came in with a great
 He went up to the youth, embraced him and said, "I am
Iron John, and was by enchantment a Wild Man, but you
have set me free. All the treasures which I possess,
shall be yours."