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WHILE the people were working on the mill, the fort,
and the storehouse, or at the quarry, Master Minuit,
busy man though he was, found time to set up a regular
government in this town of huts which he called New
Amsterdam, himself being at the head of it with no one
to say him nay, and a Council of five chosen by the
West India Company from among the white people.
There was also a secretary for this Council, and a
Dutch official, which in Holland is called
schout-fiscal, which means about all of the offices that could
be held in an ordinary village, for he was sheriff,
constable, collector of customs, tithing-man, and almost
anything else you chose to call him.
The secretary and the schout-fiscal were also appointed
by the Company in Amsterdam, and every act of the
Council, as well as the rules and regulations laid down
 by Master Minuit, were all to be approved by the
gentlemen in Holland before our people would be bound by
them. Thus it can be seen that while one might suppose
the citizens of New Amsterdam made their own laws, it
was in fact the West India Company which had full
direction of affairs.
After a time, when I had been so far entrusted with
the business of the settlement as to understand how it
was conducted, I came to realize that all which was done
by us of New Amsterdam was for the profit of the
Company, rather than for the benefit of the people, and this
finally came to be one of the causes which worked for
the downfall of Dutch power in the New World.