| Peter of New Amsterdam|
|by James Otis|
|The story of the Dutch colony at New Amsterdam, through the eyes of the young lad Peter. Relates its settlement by the West India Company under the leadership of Peter Minuit, their transactions with the Indians including the purchase of the island of Manhattan, their overthrow of the Swedish forts to the south, and their surrender to English forces in 1664. The portrait of the contrasting figures of Peter Minuit and Peter Stuyvesant enlivens the narrative. Numerous black and white illustrations complement the text. Ages 8-10 |
PUNISHING THE QUAKER
A godly man was this Quaker, and yet he was tied
face down to the back end of a cart, in which were two
 women accused of giving him shelter, and this sorry
spectacle was paraded through the streets in the midst
of our merrymaking.
Even though the man had been accused of some
crime, it would have been more to the credit of our
Director had he been lodged in jail without first
marching him up and down that all the people might look
upon the disgrace.
That he had clone no more than preach the word of
God in a manner such as was not set down by the rules
of the Dutch Reformed Church, caused the arrest to
seem much like wickedness, and there were many
persons in New Amsterdam who in private cried out
against it, for to speak in those days openly against
whatsoever the Director commanded was cause for
imprisonment in the dungeons, as in the case of Master Keller's
raising his voice against the capture of the Swedish forts.
Nor was this punishment, severe though you will
say it was, all that the Director imposed upon the God-fearing
Quaker. He ordered that unless he could pay
the sum of six hundred florins at once, he should be
chained to a wheelbarrow by the side of a negro, who
had been condemned to such labor for the good of the
city because of having brutally beaten a Dutchman,
and this for the term of two years.
The Quaker refused to move when they chained him
to the black man, and it seemed to me well that he did
 so; but the refusal cost him dearly, for he was hung up
by the thumbs and beaten with thirty lashes each
morning for the space of four days, when a sister
of Master Stuyvesant mercifully begged for, and
succeeded in obtaining, the prisoner's release.
Now you may be
certain that our people
of New Amsterdam,
although knowing what
might be their punishment for speaking
against such an act, did
not hold their tongues.
Wherever two or
three of the common
people were gathered
on the green, or in the
streets, there could one
hear harsh words spoken against the Director, and
because of such tongue-wagging there were seventeen
free nmen of Ncw Amsterdam at one time imprisoned
in the jail by the orders of Master Stuyvesant.
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