CAPTAIN SMITH GAINS AUTHORITY
THERE was but little idle talk made by the members of the
Council in deciding that Master Wingfield should be deprived
of his office, and Master Ratcliffe set in his place.
Captain Smith was called upon to take his proper
 position in the
government, and, what was more, to him they gave the direction
of all matters outside the town, which was much the same as
putting him in authority over even the President himself.
It was greatly to my pleasure that Captain Smith lost no time
in exercising the power which had been given him. Nor was he
at all gentle in dealing with those men who disdained to soil
their hands by working, yet were willing to spend one day,
and every day, searching for gold, without raising a finger
toward adding to the general store, but at the same time
claiming the right to have so much of food as would not only
satisfy their hunger, but minister to their gluttony.
Nathaniel and I heard our master talking over the matter with
the preacher, on the night the Council had given him full
charge of everything save the dealings which might be had
later with the London Company, therefore it was that we
knew there would be different doings on the morrow.
Greatly did we rejoice thereat, for
 Jamestown had become as
slovenly and ill-kempt a village as ever the sun shone upon.
Now it must be set down that these gentlemen of ours, when not
searching for gold, were wont to play at bowls in the lanes
and paths, that they might have amusement while the others
were working, and woe betide the serving man or laborer, who
by accident interfered with their sports.
On this day, after the conversation with Master Hunt, all was
changed. Captain Smith began his duties as guardian and
director of the village by causing it to be proclaimed
through the mouth of Nicholas Skot,
 our drummer, that there
would be no more playing at bowls in the streets of Jamestown
while it was necessary that very much work should be performed,
and this spoken notice also stated, that whosoever dared to
disobey the command should straightway be clapped into the