PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE
ONCE more Captain Smith made the rule that those who would not
work should not eat, and this time, with all the Council at his
back, together with such men as Captain Newport had just brought
with him, you can well fancy his orders were obeyed.
In addition to the stocks which had been built, he had a pillory
set up, and those gentlemen who were not inclined to labor with
their hands as well as they might, were forced to stand in it to
The next thing which he did was to have a large, deep well
 dug, so that we might have sweet water from it for drinking
purposes, rather than be forced to use that from the river,
for it was to his mind that through this muddy water did the
sickness come to us.
When the winter was well begun, and Captain Newport ceased
to search for the South Sea passage, because of having come
to the falls of the James River, Captain Smith forced our
people to build twenty stout houses such as would serve to
withstand an attack from the savages, and again was the
palisade stretched from one to the other, until the village
stood in the form of a square.
After the cold season had passed, some of the people were set
about shingling the church, and others were ordered to make
clapboards that we might have a cargo when Captain Newport
returned. It was the duty of some few to keep the streets and
lanes of the village clear of filth, lest we invite the
sickness again, and the remainder of the company were employed
in planting Indian corn, forty acres of which were seeded down.