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A GOVERNMENT BY THE PEOPLE
THERE is below Philadelphia, on the river, a
settlement which was called by the Swedes, Upland. It is
neither as large nor as promising as our town; but
nevertheless it was to that place William Penn called
the people together, after he had been here three or
four weeks, to give us a regular government, such as
is the rule in other countries.
You can guess that neither Jethro nor I were allowed
to go to Upland, although we would willingly have
walked there had our fathers given permission. It
would have pleased me wonderfully to see this first
meeting of law-makers in our country of Pennsylvania;
but father said the people were to meet there on gravest
business, and not to make a show of themselves,
therefore it was no place for idle, curious boys.
I do not mean that all the men of the different
settlements had a hand in this law-making, for the
number would have been too great; but the people
in each village chose one or more from among them,
to take part in what was called the General Assembly.
They made many laws, so I have been told, and one
of them was that all these laws should be set forth in
 fair script of the quill, to be used as a reading book in
our school, when we have one.