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A MATTER OF HISTORY
NOW in order that you may understand that which
happened of grave importance to our country of
Pennsylvania, and also know why I had an opportunity
of traveling, it is necessary I repeat to you that which
was told me by my father.
It may be you will not think it in any way interesting;
but I beg that you will read every word carefully, and
afterward think the matter over until you understand
it clearly, otherwise you may never be able to explain
why one settlement was made in a certain place, and
First, as perhaps you already know, when white
people began to come into this new world of America,
the English kings claimed it as their land, saying it
was discovered by John Cabot, who had been given
permission to go out exploring, by King Henry
 Columbus had discovered that there were large
countries where white people had never visited; but
the English king claimed that Columbus had not
really found the land which we call America, for he
ended his voyage at the West Indies.
John Cabot, however, so the English kings said,
had explored all the coast of North America from
Newfoundland to Florida, and therefore it belonged,
by right of discovery, to England.
Then, as you know full well, after some Spanish
people had built a town in Florida, and another near
by, King James gave to two companies of merchants
all the land in Virginia, and by that he meant the
whole country of North America, which was then
known only as Virginia.
To the London Company he gave that part of it
in the south, where Jamestown was afterward built,
and the Plymouth Company landed in the northern
portion where Plymouth was to be laid out.
All that was done in the year of grace 1606, and
at that time the English people did not know how
large was this new world of America.
The Dutch people, however, sent Henry Hudson
out exploring in 1609, and he found the river to which
he gave his name, whereupon a company like unto
the London and Plymouth companies, was formed
in Holland under the name: of the West India Company,
 by which New Amsterdam was settled; but the
English people captured the town and called it New