HULL'S SURRENDER OF DETROIT
"What!" cried the Federalists; "fight with the English on the
sea! Expect this new weak navy of ours to fight
with the great ships of England! It is madness!"
"Just wait," said the Republicans. "Just wait," said
 seamen, who were burning to avenge the wrongs of their
fellow sailors. They did wait, and they did see.
"We shall soon conquer them this time," said the
English. "The Indians will keep up an attack on them
on the western border, and we, with our great fleets,
will attack them along the Atlantic, along the gulf,
and along the lakes on the north. Very likely we shall
gain back all that we lost in the Revolution," said
And so the fighting began on the Canada border. Gen.
Hull was in command of a fort there. And although he
had a small garrison, still there is not doubt he might
have defended the fort and have saved it from the
Brock, the English commander, approached the fort and
demanded that it be surrendered at once. "If you don't
surrender," said he, "I'll let the Indians loose upon
you, and you know what Indian warfare is."
Unfortunately, Hull did know too well what
Indian warfare was, and his fear of the tomahawk
evidently overcame his fear of disgrace; for, without
consulting his officers, he hung out the white flag of
surrender, and the fort with all its provisions fell
into the hands of the enemy.
His soldiers and his officers, who were ready and eager
to fight, were angry and mortified that they had been
sold so meanly. One man, it is said, broke his sword
in pieces, and tearing his gilt lace from his coat,
trampled them under
 foot, saying, "We have been made to disgrace our
uniform by surrendering in this cowardly fashion,
without one blow."
Hull was tried for treason; but no proof could be
brought against him, and he was acquitted of that
charge. He was, however, sentenced to death for
He claimed to have surrendered the fort to save his men
from the horrors of Indian slaughter. Perhaps it was
so; but most people believed that he could very easily
have kept back both Indians and English had he tried.
Hull was pardoned by the President, and lived ever
after in the quiet of his home.