THE CONFEDERATE STATES
The States that first withdrew from
the Union were States farthest
removed from the North. These
States supposed that all the other
slave States would at once join
with them in their Confederacy.
Those States which were farther north, nearer the Northern
States, had more of the neighborly feeling than the first
seceding States had ever dreamed of. In those States,
Unionists and Confederates dwelt side by side, and
in their legislatures, Unionists and Confederates voted
 side by side. So you see it was not so easy after all to pass
"Secession" laws in these States.
THE CONFEDERATE FLAG
Virginia was the first State to join the seven that had
banded together to form their Confederacy. "Hurrah!
hurrah!" cried the Confederates, "Virginia, Old Virginia,
Virginia the mother of the Presidents, the home of George
Washington, has joined us!"
But the Confederate joy was dampened a little when the
western part of Virginia rose in rebellion, and said she would
not belong to a secession State. This western Virginia held
meetings, withdrew from the State, appealed to Congress,
and, as a reward for her loyalty to the Union, was set off a
State by herself, known ever after as "West Virginia."
Soon Arkansas joined the Confederacy; then followed
North Carolina, then Tennessee. It is believed that
Tennessee would not have seceded, had the Unionists not been
threatened with "bullets and cold steel" if they dared say
one word against the South, in the convention which was to
be held in that State.
Kentucky and Missouri wished to have nothing to do with
either side. They would stand by the Union, but they would
not fight the South. Maryland, awed by the prompt action
of Butler, was kept in the Union. Delaware, loyal little
State that she was, and cautious too, preferred to stay where
she was in comfort, rather than to join so uncertain a
movement as this surely seemed to be.
 The Confederacy then stood as follows:
These were the States that had left the Union and were
ready to fight for their State rights, as they believed them to
be. These were the States that had hauled down the "Stars
and Stripes," and had hoisted in its place the Secession
SEVEN ORIGINAL SECESSION STATES.
THE LATER STATES.
THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY.
President of the Confederacy JEFFERSON DAVIS