LEE IS KEPT FROM ENTERING PENNSYLVANIA.
 HAVING so little success in trying to raise troops in Maryland,
Lee next decided to go over into the State of Pennsylvania. There
he proposed to have Stonewall Jackson join his army, and
together they would go on to the very city of New York.
Now it happened, as Lee's army left Frederick
on their march through Pennsylvania, some one of
his generals accidentally dropped a paper in the
streets, upon which was written the one thing of all others
which Lee would not for the world have had the Unionists
find out. And that was just what General Lee had
planned to do; just the route he intended to take; just how
he was going to divide his army; and just where he
intended to bring them together for battle.
McClellan at once set out in hot haste to overtake this
army. On the 16th of September, both armies lay down to
sleep in the beautiful, fertile valley of Antietam, knowing
 that with the rising of the sun must come one of the hottest
contested battles of the war.
It was a long bloody battle. Both sides lost, in killed and
wounded, large numbers; but neither side could be said to
have won the day. It was one of those terrible battles, in
which both sides merely held their places, seeming, with all
the bloodshed, to gain nothing. The next morning was to
have seen the battle renewed; but McClellan, seized again
with his over-cautiousness, waited and waited. The next
day, Lee escaped over the Potomac. His plans were all
broken up by this battle with its terrible losses, and it
seemed at the time as if McClellan might, if he had made
one bold stroke, have done a great deal more even than that.
THE BATTLE OF ANTIETAM
But McClellan now again waited and waited, although he
had been ordered by Lincoln to march against the enemy.
At last, Lincoln ordered that the command be taken from
him, and given to General Burnside.
Lee was now encamped at Fredricksburg. Burnside at
once marched against him, and attempted to take the city
from him. A hot battle followed, but at night Lee was still
in the city, and the Union army had again lost hundreds of
And now the army was led back to the old camps.
There the soldiers built mud huts; and, sick and wounded,
their courage all gone, they settled down for the winter.
This campaign in Virginia had been a wretched failure for
the Union army.