IN China, you must know, the emperor is a Chinaman, and all whom he has about
him are Chinamen too. It happened a good many years ago, but that's just why
it's worth while to hear the story, before it is forgotten. The emperor's palace
was the most splendid in the world; it was made entirely of porcelain, very
costly, but so delicate and brittle that one had to take care how one touched
it. In the garden were to be seen the most wonderful flowers, and to the
costliest of them silver bells were tied, which sounded, so that nobody should
pass by without noticing the flowers. Yes, everything in the emperor's garden
was admirably arranged. And it extended so far, that the gardener himself did
not know where the end was. If a man went on and on, he came into a glorious
forest with high trees and deep lakes. The wood extended straight down to the
sea, which was blue and deep; great ships could sail to and fro beneath the
branches of the trees; and in the trees lived a Nightingale, which sang so
splendidly that even the poor fisherman, who had many other things to do,
stopped still and listened, when he had gone out at night to throw out his nets,
and heard the Nightingale.
"How beautiful that is!" he said; but he was obliged to attend to his
property, and thus forgot the bird. But when in the next night the bird sang
again, and the fisherman heard it, he exclaimed again, "How beautiful that is!"
From all the countries of the world travelers came to the city of the emperor
and admired it, and the palace, and the garden, but when they heard the
Nightingale, they said, "That is the best of all!"
And the travelers told of it when they came
 home; and the learned men wrote many books about the town, the palace, and the
garden. But they did not forget the Nightingale; that was placed highest of
all; and those who were poets wrote most magnificent poems about the Nightingale
in the wood by the deep lake.
The books went through all the world, and a few of them once came to the
emperor. He sat in his golden chair, and read, and read: every moment he nodded
his head, for it pleased him to peruse the masterly descriptions of the city,
the palace, and the garden. "But the Nightingale is the best of all!"—it stood written there.
"What's that?" exclaimed the emperor. "I
don't know the Nightingale at all! Is there such a bird in my empire, and even
in my garden? I've never heard of that. To think that I should have to learn.
such a thing for the first time from books!"
And hereupon he called his cavalier. This cavalier was so grand that
if any one lower in rank than himself dared to speak to him, or to ask him any
question, he answered nothing but "P!"—and that meant nothing.
"There is said to be a wonderful bird here called a Nightingale!" said the
emperor. "They say it is the best thing in all my great empire. Why have I
never heard anything about it?"
"I have never heard him named," replied the cavalier. "He has never been
introduced at court."
"I command that he shall appear this evening, and sing before me," said the
emperor. "All the world knows what I possess, and I do not know it myself!"
"I have never heard him mentioned," said the
cavalier. "I will seek for him. I will find him."
But where was he to be found? The cavalier ran up and down all the staircases,
through halls and passages, but no one among all those whom he met had heard
talk of the Nightingale. And the cavalier ran back to the emperor, and said that
it must be a fable invented by the writers of books.
"Your imperial majesty cannot believe how much is written that is fiction,
besides something that they call the black art."
"But the book in which I read this," said the emperor, "was sent to me by the
high and mighty Emperor of Japan, and therefore it cannot be a
falsehood. I will hear the Nightingale! It must be here this evening!
It has my imperial favor; and if it does not come, all the
court shall be trampled upon after the court has supped!"
"Tsing-pe!" said the cavalier; and again he ran up and down all the stair-
cases, and through all the halls and corridors; and half the court ran with
him, for the courtiers did not like being trampled upon.
"Then there was a great inquiry after the wonderful Nightingale, which all the
world knew excepting the people at court.
At last they met with a poor little girl in the kitchen, who said,—
"The Nightingale? I know it well; yes, it can sing gloriously. Every evening
I get leave to carry my poor sick mother the scraps from the table. She lives
down by the strand, and when I get back and am tired, and rest in the wood, then
I hear the Nightingale sing. And then the water comes into my eyes, and it is
just as if my mother kissed me!"
 "Little kitchen girl," said the cavalier, "I will get you a place in the
kitchen, with permission to see the emperor dine, if you will lead us to the
Nightingale, for it is announced for this evening."
So they all went out into the wood where the Nightingale
was accustomed to sing; half the court went forth. When they were
in the midst of their journey a cow
began to low.
"Oh!" cried the court pages, now we have it! That shows a wonderful power in
so small a creature! I have certainly heard it before."
"No, those are cows lowing!" said the little kitchen girl. "We are a long
way from the place yet."
Now the frogs began to croak in the marsh.
"Glorious!" said the Chinese court preacher. Now I hear it—it sounds
just like little church bells."
"No, those are frogs!" said the little kitchen-
maid. "But now I think we shall soon hear it." And then the Nightingale began
"That is it!" exclaimed the little girl. "Listen, listen! and yonder it sits."
And she pointed to a little gray bird up in the boughs.
"Is it possible?" cried the cavalier. "I should never have thought it looked
like that! How simple it looks! It must certainly have lost its color at
seeing such grand people around."
"Little Nightingale!" called the little kitchen-maid, quite loudly, "our
gracious emperor wishes you to sing before him."
"With the greatest pleasure!" replied the Nightingale, and began to sing most
"It sounds just like glass bells" said the cavalier. "And look at its little
throat, how it's working! It's wonderful that we should never have heard it
before. That bird will be a great success at court."
"Shall I sing once more before the emperor?" asked the Nightingale, for it
thought the emperor was present.
"My excellent little Nightingale," said the cavalier, "I have great pleasure
in inviting you to a court festival this evening, when you shall charm his imperial majesty with
your beautiful singing."
"My song sounds best in the greenwood!" replied the Nightingale; still it
came willingly when it heard what the emperor wished.
The palace was festively adorned. The walls and the flooring, which were of
porcelain, gleamed in the rays of thousands of golden lamps. The most glorious
flowers, which could ring clearly, had been placed in the passages. There was a
running to and fro, and a thorough draught, and all the bells rang so loudly
that one could not hear one's self speak.
In the midst of the great hall, where the emperor sat, a golden perch had been
placed, on which the Nightingale was to sit. The whole court was there; and the
little cook-maid had got leave to stand behind the door, as she had now received
the title of a real court cook. All were in full dress, and all looked at the
little gray bird, to which the emperor nodded.
And the Nightingale sang so gloriously that the tears came into the emperor's
eyes, and the tears ran down over his cheeks; and then the Nightingale sang
still more sweetly, that went straight to the heart. The emperor was so much
pleased that he said the Nightingale should have his golden slipper to wear
round its neck. But the Nightingale declined this with thanks, saying it had
already received sufficient reward.
"I have seen tears in the emperor's eyes—that is the real treasure to me.
An emperor's tears have a peculiar power. I am rewarded enough!" And then it
sang again with a sweet, glorious voice.
"That's the most amiable coquetry I ever saw!" said the ladies who stood
round about, and then they took water in their mouths to gurgle when any one
spoke to them. They thought they should be nightingales too. And the lackeys and
chambermaids reported that they were satisfied too; and that was saying a good
deal, for they are the most difficult to please. In short, the Nightingale
achieved a real success.
It was now to remain at court, to have its own
 cage, with liberty to go out twice every day and once at night. Twelve servants
were appointed when the Nightingale went out, each of whom had a silken string
fastened to the bird's leg, which they held very tight. There was really no
pleasure in an excursion of that kind.
The whole city spoke of the wonderful bird, and when two people met, one said
nothing but "Nightin," and the other said "gale;" and then they sighed, and
understood one another. Eleven peddlers' children were named after the bird, but
not one of them could sing a note.
One day the emperor received a large parcel, on which was written "The
"There we have a new book about this celebrated bird," said the emperor.
But it was not a book, but a little work of art contained in a box, an
artificial nightingale, which was to sing like a natural one, and was
brilliantly ornamented with diamonds, rubies, and sapphires. So soon as the
artificial bird was wound up, he could sing one of the pieces that he really
sang, and then his tail moved up and down, and shone with silver and gold. Round
his neck hung a little ribbon, and on that was written, "The Emperor of China's
Nightingale is poor compared to that of the Emperor of Japan."
"That is capital!" said they all, and he who had brought the artificial bird
immediately received the title, Imperial Head-Nightingale-Bringer.
"Now they must sing together; what a duet that will be!"
And so they had to sing together; but it did not sound very well, for the real
Nightingale sang in its own way, and the artificial bird sang waltzes.
"That's not his fault," said the play-master; "he's quite perfect, and very
much in my style."
Now the artificial bird was to sing alone. He had just as much success as the
real one, and then it was much handsomer to look at—it shone like
bracelets and breastpins.
Three-and-thirty times over did it sing the same piece, and yet was not tired.
The people would gladly have heard it again, but the emperor said that the
living Nightingale ought to sing some thing now. But where was it? No one had
noticed that it had flown away out of the open window, back to the greenwood.
"But what is become of that?" said the emperor.
And all the courtiers abused the Nightingale, and declared that it was a very
"We have the best bird, after all," said they.
And so the artificial bird had to sing again, and that was the thirty-fourth
time that they listened to the same piece. For all that they did not know it
quite by heart, for it was so very difficult. And the play-master praised the
bird particularly; yes, he declared that it was better than a nightingale, not
only with regard to its plumage and the many beautiful diamonds, but inside as
"For you see, ladies and gentlemen, and above all, your imperial majesty, with a
real nightingale one can never calculate what is coming, but in this artificial
bird everything is settled. One can explain it; one can open it, and make
people understand where the waltzes come from, how they go, and how one follows
"Those are quite our own ideas," they all said.
And the speaker received permission to show the bird to the people on the next
Sunday. The people were to hear it sing too, the emperor commanded; and they
did hear it, and were as much pleased as if they had all got tipsy upon tea,
for that's quite the Chinese fashion; and they all said, "Oh!" and held up
their forefingers and nodded. But the poor fisherman, who had heard the real
"It sounds pretty enough, and the melodies resemble each other, but there 's
something wanting, though I know not what!"
The real Nightingale was banished from the country and empire. The artificial
bird had its place on a silken cushion close to the emperor's bed; all the
presents it had received, gold and precious stones, were ranged about it; in
title it had advanced to be the High Imperial After-Dinner-Singer, and in rank,
to number one on the left hand; for the emperor considered that side the
 most important on which the heart is placed, and even in an emperor the heart is
on the left side; and the play-master wrote a work of five-and-twenty volumes
about the artificial bird; it was very learned and very long, full of the most
difficult Chinese words; but yet all the people declared that they had read it,
and understood it, for fear of being
considered stupid, and having their bodies trampled on.
So a whole year went by. The emperor, the court, and all the other Chinese knew
every little twitter in the artificial bird's song by heart. But just for that
reason it pleased them best—they could sing with it themselves, and they
did so. The street boys sang, "Tsi-tsi-tsi-glugging!" and the emperor himself
sang it too. Yes, that was certainly famous.
But one evening, when the artificial bird was singing its best, and the emperor
lay in bed listening to it, something inside the bird said,
"Whizz!" something cracked. "Whir-r-r!" All the wheels ran round, and then
the music stopped.
The emperor immediately sprang out of bed, and caused his body physician to be
called; but what could he do? Then they sent for a watchmaker, and after a
good deal of talking and investigation, the bird was put into something like
order; but the watchmaker said that the bird must be carefully treated, for the
barrels were worn, and it would be impossible to put new ones in in such a
manner that the music would go. There was a great lamentation; only once in a
year was it permitted to let the bird sing, and that was almost too much. But
then the play-master made a little speech, full of heavy words, and said this
was just as good as before—and so of course it was as good as before.
Now five years had gone by, and a real grief came upon the whole nation. The
Chinese were really fond of their emperor, and now he was ill, and could not,
it was said, live much longer. Already a new emperor had been chosen, and the
people stood out in the street and asked the cavalier how their old emperor did.
"P!" said he, and shook his head.
Cold and pale lay the emperor in his great gorgeous bed; the whole court
thought him dead, and each one ran
to pay homage to
the new ruler. The
chamberlains ran out
to talk it over, and the ladies'-maids had a great
coffee party. All about in all the halls and passages cloth had been laid down so that no footstep
could be heard, and therefore it was quiet there,
quite quiet. But the emperor was not dead yet;
stiff and pale he lay on the gorgeous bed with the
long velvet curtains and the heavy gold tassels;
high up, a window stood open, and the moon
shone in upon the emperor and the artificial bird.
 The poor emperor could scarcely breathe; it was just as if something lay upon
his chest: he opened his eyes, and then he saw that it was Death who sat upon
his chest, and had put on his golden crown, and held in one hand the emperor's
sword, and in the other his beautiful banner. And all around, from among the
folds of the splendid velvet curtains, strange heads peered forth; a few very
ugly, the rest quite lovely and mild. These were all the emperor's bad and good
deeds, that stood before him now that Death sat upon his heart.
"Do you remember this?" whispered one to the other. "Do you remember that?"
and then they told him so much that the perspiration ran from his forehead.
"I did not know that!" said the emperor. "Music! music! the great Chinese
drum!" he cried, "so that I need not hear all they say!"
And they continued speaking, and Death nodded like a Chinaman to all they said.
"Music! music!" cried the emperor. "You little precious golden bird, sing,
sing! I have given you gold and costly presents; I have even hung my golden
slipper around your neck—sing now, sing!"
But the bird stood still; no one was there to wind him up, and he could not sing
without that; but Death continued to stare at the emperor with his great hollow
eyes, and it was quiet, fearfully quiet.
Then there sounded from the window, suddenly, the most lovely song. It was the
little live Nightingale, that sat outside on a spray. It had heard of the
emperor's sad plight, and had come to sing to him of comfort and hope. And as it
sang the spectres grew paler and paler; the blood ran quicker and more quickly
through the emperor's weak limbs; and even Death listened, and said,—
"Go on, little Nightingale, go on!"
"But will you give me that splendid golden sword? Will you give me that rich
banner? Will you give me the emperor's crown?"
And Death gave up each of these treasures for a song. And the Nightingale sang
on and on; and it sang of the quiet church-yard where the white roses grow,
where the elder-blossom smells sweet, and where the fresh grass is moistened by
the tears of survivors. Then Death felt a longing to see his garden, and floated
out at the window in the form of a cold, white mist.
"Thanks! thanks!" said the emperor. "You heavenly little bird! I know you
well. I banished you from my country and empire, and yet you have charmed away
the evil faces from my couch, and banished Death from my heart! How can I
"You have rewarded me!" replied the Nightingale. "I have drawn tears from
your eyes, when I sang the first time—I shall never forget that. Those are
the jewels that rejoice a singer's heart. But now sleep and grow fresh and
strong again. I will sing you something."
And it sang, and the emperor fell into a sweet slumber. Ah! how mild and
refreshing that sleep was! The sun shone upon him through the windows, when he
awoke refreshed and restored; not one of his servants had yet returned, for
they all thought he was dead; only the Nightingale still sat beside him and
"You must always stay with me," said the emperor. "You shall sing as you
please; and I'll break the artificial bird into a thousand pieces."
"Not so," replied the Nightingale. "It did well as long as it could; keep it
as you have done till now. I cannot build my nest in the palace to dwell in it,
but let me come when I feel the wish; then I will sit in the evening on the
spray yonder by the window, and sing you something, so that you may be glad and
thoughtful at once. I will sing of those who are happy and of those who suffer.
I will sing of good and of evil that remain hidden round about you. The little
singing bird flies far around, to the poor fisherman, to the peasant's roof, to
every one who dwells far away from you and from your court. I love your heart
more than your crown, and yet the crown has an air of sanctity about it. I will
come and sing to you—but one thing you must promise me."
"Everything!" said the emperor; and he
 stood there in his imperial robes, which he had put on himself, and pressed the
sword which was heavy with gold to his heart.
"One thing I beg of you: tell no one that you have a little bird who tells you
everything. Then it will go all the better." And the Nightingale flew away.
The servants came in to look to their dead emperor, and—yes, there he
stood, and the emperor said "Good-morning!"