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TITUS REWARDS AND DISMISSES HIS ARMY
WHEN the beautiful city of Jerusalem had been destroyed, there were left standing
only the three high towers as monuments of the Roman victory, and a part of
the western wall, which was left as a defence for the Roman camp. For Titus
left the tenth legion, with some cavalry and infantry, to keep
 guard over the ruins of the city. But before he went he called his army
together, that he might praise them for their bravery and confer rewards
upon those who had particularly distinguished themselves. And so a high
tribunal was erected in the middle of the former encampment, and upon this
Titus took his stand with his principal officers. He thanked the army for
the good will they had shown to him, and praised them for their prompt
obedience and courage. He then caused a list to be read of those who had
performed any splendid feat during the war. Calling them by name, he
applauded them as they came forward, placed crowns of gold upon their
heads, and presented them with golden neck-chains, long golden lances,
and silver ensigns. He also gave them shares out of the spoils which had
been taken,—silver and gold, and vestments, and other booty.
When each had been rewarded according to his deserts, he wished every happiness
to his army in general, and stepped down, amid loud applause, from the tribunal.
He then sacrificed a great number of oxen in thanksgiving for his success, and
gave the carcasses to the troops for a banquet.
For three days Titus joined in festivities with his officers, and then dismissed
his army. The tenth legion, however, he left to guard Jerusalem, and because the
twelfth legion had formerly been defeated under Cestius, he banished it from Syria
altogether, and sent it to a country called Meletene. Two legions he thought proper
to keep with him until his arrival in Egypt. With them he first went to Cæsarea
upon the sea-coast, and here he directed his prisoners to be kept in custody, for, the
winter having set in, he was prevented from sailing immediately for Italy.
Titus proceeded from Cæsarea upon the coast to Cæsarea Philippi, as it was
called, and here he remained for some time. Many of the prisoners were killed, during
his stay, in gladiatorial shows. Some were thrown to wild beasts, while others were
compelled to fight with one another in combats. It was
 here that Titus heard of the capture of Simon, the son of Gioras, which was effected
in the following manner:
While the Romans were laying waste the upper city, Simon, with a body of his
most faithful followers, and a party of miners, had leaped down in a cave,
taking with him enough provisions to last for several days. The party advanced
until they had reached the end of the cave, and then they attempted to dig their
way out beyond the walls and escape. But the work went on very slowly, and the
provisions gave out.
Simon then gave up all hope of making his escape in this manner. He dressed
himself in white robes, threw a cloak of purple over his shoulders, and,
walking to the mouth of the cave, suddenly appeared amid the ruins of the
temple. Some soldiers who were lounging about were at first very much frightened
at seeing him, and stood and gazed at him in awe. At length they came nearer to
him, and, forming a circle about him, they asked him who he was. This Simon refused
to tell them, but bade them to go and call their general.
Upon this the soldiers ran quickly to Terentius Rufus, who had been left in command,
and to him Simon told his story and surrendered himself. Rufus put him in chains, and
wrote to Titus to inform him of Simonís capture. On the return of Titus to
Cæsarea upon the coast, Simon was sent to him in chains, and was kept to
appear in the triumph which Titus was preparing to celebrate in Rome.