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NICHOLAS NICKLEBY AT DOTHEBOYS HALL.
 "EDUCATION.—AT Mr. Wackford Squeers's Academy, Dotheboys Hall, at the delightful village of
Dotheboys, near Greta Bridge in Yorkshire, Youth are boarded, clothed, booked, furnished with
pocket-money, provided with all necessaries, instructed in all languages living and dead,
mathematics, orthography geometry, astronomy, trigonometry, the use of the globes, algebra, single
stick (if required), writing, arithmetic, fortification, and every other branch of classical
literature. Terms, twenty guineas per annum. No extras, no vacations, and diet unparalleled. Mr.
Squeers is in town, and attends daily from one till four, at the Saracen's Head, Snow Hill. N.B. An
able assistant wanted. Annual salary £5. A Master of Arts would be preferred."
When this advertisement in the "London Herald" came to the notice of Mr. Nicholas Nickleby, then in
search of a position as teacher, it seemed to be the opening for which he was looking, and the next
day he hastened to the Saracen's Head, Snow Hill, to have an interview with Mr. Wackford Squeers.
Mr. Squeers's appearance was not prepossessing. He had but one eye, and the popular prejudice runs
in favour of two. The blank side of his face was much wrinkled and puckered up, which gave him a
very sinister appearance, especially when he smiled. His hair was very flat and shiny, save at the
ends, where it was brushed stiffly up from a low protruding forehead, which assorted well with his
 and coarse manner. He was about two or three and fifty, and a trifle below the middle size; he wore
a white neckerchief and a suit of scholastic black; but his coat sleeves being a great deal too
long, and his trousers a great deal too short, he appeared ill at ease in his clothes.
In the corner of the room with Mr. Squeers was a very small deal trunk, tied round with a scanty
piece of cord, and on the trunk was perched—his lace-up half-boots and corduroy trousers dangling
in the air—a diminutive boy, with his shoulders drawn up to his ears, and his hands planted on his
knees, who glanced timidly at the schoolmaster from time to time, with evident dread and
apprehension, and at last gave a violent sneeze.
"Halloa, sir!" growled the schoolmaster, turning round. "What's that, sir?"
"Nothing, please sir," said the little boy.
"Nothing, sir!" exclaimed Mr. Squeers.
"Please, sir, I sneezed," rejoined the boy, trembling till the little trunk shook under him.
"Oh! sneezed, did you?" retorted Mr. Squeers. "Then what did you say 'nothing' for, sir?"
In default of a better answer to this question, the little boy screwed a couple of knuckles into
each of his eyes and began to cry; wherefore Mr. Squeers knocked him off the trunk with a blow on
one side of his face, and knocked him on again with a blow on the other.
"Wait till I get you down into Yorkshire, my young gentleman," said Mr. Squeers, "and then I'll give
you the rest. Will you hold that noise, sir?"
"Ye-ye-yes," sobbed the little boy, rubbing his face very hard.
"Then do so at once, sir," said Squeers. "Do you hear?"
 As this admonition was accompanied with a threatening gesture, and uttered with a savage aspect, the
little boy rubbed his face harder, and between alternately sniffing and choking, gave no further
vent to his emotions.
"Mr. Squeers," said the waiter, at this juncture; "here's a gentleman asking for you."
"Show the gentleman in, Richard," replied Mr. Squeers, in a soft voice. "Put your handkerchief in
your pocket, you little scoundrel, or I'll murder you when the gentleman goes."
The schoolmaster had scarcely uttered these words in a fierce whisper, when the stranger entered.
Affecting not to see him, Mr. Squeers feigned to be intent upon mending a pen, and offering
benevolent advice to his youthful pupil.
"My dear child," said Mr. Squeers, "All people have their trials. This early trial of yours that is
fit to make your little heart burst, and your very eyes come out of your head with crying, what is
it? Less than nothing. You are leaving your friends, but you will have a father in me, my dear, and
a mother in Mrs. Squeers. At the delightful village of Dotheboys, near Greta Bridge in Yorkshire,
where youth are boarded, clothed, booked, washed, furnished with pocket-money, provided with all
Here the waiting stranger interrupted with inquiries about sending his boys to Mr. Squeers, and
before he and Mr. Squeers had finished their talk, Nicholas Nickleby entered. He briefly stated his
desire for a position, his having seen Mr. Squeers's "Herald" advertisement, and, after more or less
questioning and examination from the schoolmaster, Nicholas was engaged as assistant master for
Dotheboys Hall, and it was settled that he was to go by coach with Mr. Squeers at eight o'clock the
When he arrived, punctually at the appointed hour, he found that learned gentleman sitting at
breakfast, with five
 little boys, whom he was to take down with him, ranged in a row on the opposite seat. Mr. Squeers
had before him a small measure of coffee, a plate of hot toast, and a cold round of beef, but he was
at that moment intent on preparing breakfast for the little boys.
"This is twopenn'orth of milk, is it waiter?" said Mr. Squeers.
"That's twopenn'orth, sir," replied the waiter.
"What a rare article milk is, to be sure, in London!" said Mr. Squeers, with a sigh. "Just fill that
mug up with lukewarm water, William, will you?"
"To the wery top, sir?" inquired the waiter. "Why, the milk will be drownded."
"Never you mind that," replied Mr. Squeers. "Serve it right for being so dear. You ordered that
thick bread and butter for three, did you?"
"Coming directly, sir."
"You needn't hurry yourself," said Squeers, "there's plenty of time. Conquer your passions, boys,
and don't be eager after vittles." As he uttered this moral precept, Mr. Squeers took a large bite
out of the cold beef, and recognised Nicholas.
"Sit down, Mr. Nickleby," said Squeers. "Here we are, a breakfasting, you see."
Nicholas did not see that anybody was breakfasting, except Mr. Squeers; but he bowed with all
becoming reverence, and looked as cheerful as he could.
"Oh, that's the milk and water, is it, William?" said Mr. Squeers. "Very good; don't forget the
bread and butter presently."
At this fresh mention of the bread and butter, the five little boys looked very eager, and followed
the waiter out, with their eyes; meanwhile Mr. Squeers tasted the milk and water.
 "Ah," said that gentleman, smacking his lips, "here's richness! Think of the many beggars and
orphans in the streets that would be glad of this, little boys. A shocking thing hunger is, isn't
it, Mr. Nickleby?"
"Very shocking, sir," said Nicholas.
"When I say number one," pursued Mr. Squeers, putting the mug before the children, "the boy on the
left hand nearest the window may take a drink; and when I say number two, the boy next him will go
in, and so till we come to number five, which is the last boy. Are you ready?"
"Yes, sir," cried all the little boys with great eagerness.
"That's right," said Squeers, calmly getting on with his breakfast; "keep ready till I tell you to
begin. Subdue your appetites, my dears, and you've conquered human natur. This is the way we
inculcate strength of mind, Mr. Nickleby," said the schoolmaster, turning to Nicholas.
Nicholas murmured something—he knew not what—in reply; and the little boys, dividing their gaze
between the mug, the bread and butter (which by this time had arrived) and every morsel which Mr.
Squeers took into his mouth, remained with strained eyes in torments of expectation.
"Thank God for a good breakfast," said Squeers when he had finished. "Number one may take a drink."
Number one seized the mug ravenously, and had just drunk enough to make him wish for more, when Mr.
Squeers gave the signal for number two, who gave up at the same interesting moment to number three;
and the process was repeated until the milk and water terminated with number five.
"And now," said the schoolmaster, dividing the bread and butter for three into as many portions as
there were children, "you had better look sharp with your breakfast, for the horn will blow in a
minute or two, and then every boy leaves off."
 Permission being thus given to fall to, the boys began to eat voraciously, and in desperate haste;
while the schoolmaster (who was in high good humour after his meal) looked smilingly on. In a very
short time the horn was heard.
"I thought it wouldn't be long," said Squeers, jumping up and producing a little basket from under
the seat; "put what you haven't had time to eat, in here, boys. You'll want it on the road!"
Nicholas was considerably startled by these very economical arrangements; but he had no time to
reflect upon them, for the little boys had to be got up to the top of the coach, and their boxes had
to be brought out and put in, and Mr. Squeers's luggage was to be seen carefully deposited in the
boot, and all these offices were in his department.
Presently, however, the coach was off, and they had started on their long trip, made doubly long by
the severity of the weather, which caused them to be detained several times; so it was not until six
o'clock the following night, that he and Mr. Squeers, and the little boys, were all put down
together at the George and New Inn, Greta Bridge.
"Is it much farther to Dotheboys Hall, sir?" asked Nicholas, when they had started off, the little
boys in one vehicle, he and Mr. Squeers in another.
"About three mile from here," replied Squeers. "But you needn't call it a Hall down here. The fact
is, it ain't a Hall," observed Squeers, drily.
"Oh, indeed!" said Nicholas, whom this piece of intelligence much astonished.
"No," replied Squeers. "We call it a Hall up in London, because it sounds better, but they don't
know it by that name in these parts. A man may call his house an island if he likes; there's no act
of Parliament against that, I believe?"
 "I believe not, sir," rejoined Nicholas.
Squeers eyed his companion slily at the conclusion of this little dialogue, and finding that he had
grown thoughtful and appeared in nowise disposed to volunteer any observations, contented himself
with lashing the pony until they reached their journey's end.
"Jump out," said Squeers. "Hallo there! Come and put this horse up. Be quick, will you!"
While the schoolmaster was uttering these and other impatient cries, Nicholas had time to observe
that the school was a long, cold-looking house, one story high, with a few straggling outbuildings
behind, and a barn and stable adjoining. Mr. Squeers had dismounted, and after ordering the boy,
whom he called Smike, to see to the pony, and to take care that he hadn't any more corn that night,
he told Nicholas to wait at the front door a minute, while he went round and let him in.
A host of unpleasant misgivings, which had been crowding upon Nicholas during the whole journey,
thronged into his mind. His great distance from home, and the impossibility of reaching it, except
on foot, should he feel ever so anxious, presented itself to him in most alarming colours; and as he
looked up at the dreary house and dark windows, and upon the wild country round, covered with snow,
he felt a depression of heart and spirit which he never had experienced before.
"Now, then!" cried Squeers, poking his head out at the front door, "Where are you, Nickleby?"
"Here, sir," replied Nicholas.
"Come in, then," said Squeers, "the wind blows in, at this door, fit to knock a man off his legs."
Nicholas sighed, and hurried in. Mr. Squeers ushered him into a small parlour scantily furnished
with a few chairs, a yellow map hung against the wall, and a couple of tables; one of which
 bore some preparations for supper. Mrs. Squeers then came in, and was duly made acquainted with
Nicholas, and after some conversation between Mr. and Mrs. Squeers, a young servant girl brought in
a Yorkshire pie, which being set upon the table, the boy Smike appeared with a jug of ale.
Mr. Squeers meanwhile was emptying his great-coat pockets of letters to different boys, which he had
brought down. Smike glanced, with an anxious and timid expression, at the papers, as if with a
sickly hope that one among them might relate to him. The look was a very painful one, and went to
Nicholas's heart at once; for it told a sad history. He considered the boy more attentively, and was
surprised to observe the extraordinary mixture of garments which formed his dress. Although he could
not have been less than eighteen or nineteen years old, and was tall for that age, he wore a
skeleton suit, which, though most absurdly short in the arms and legs, was quite wide enough for his
attenuated frame. In order that the lower part of his legs might be in keeping with this singular
dress, he had a very large pair of boots, originally made for tops, but now too patched and tattered
for a beggar. He was lame, and as he feigned to be busy arranging the table, glanced at the letters
with a look so keen, and yet so dispirited and hopeless that Nicholas could hardly bear to watch
"What are you bothering about there, Smike?" cried Mrs. Squeers; "let the things alone, can't you?"
"Eh," said Squeers, looking up. "Oh, it's you, is it?"
"Yes, sir," replied the youth, pressing his hands together, as though to control, by force, the
nervous wandering of his fingers. "Is there——"
"Well!" said Squeers.
"Have you—did anybody—has nothing been heard—about me?"
"Not a word," resumed Squeers, "and never will be.
 Now, this is a pretty sort of thing, isn't it, that you should have been left here, all these
years, and no money paid after the first six—nor no notice taken, nor no clue to be got who you
belong to? It's a pretty sort of thing that I should have to feed a great fellow like you, and never
hope to get one penny for it, isn't it?"
The boy put his hand to his head as if he were making an effort to recollect something, and then,
looking vacantly at his questioner, gradually broke into a smile, and limped away.
The following morning, when Nicholas appeared downstairs, Mrs. Squeers was in a state of great
"I can't find the school spoon anywhere," she said anxiously.
"Never mind it, my dear," observed Squeers in a soothing manner; "it's of no consequence."
"No consequence? Why, how you talk!" retorted Mrs. Squeers sharply, "isn't it brimstone morning?"
"I forgot, my dear," rejoined Squeers; "yes, it certainly is. We purify the boys' bloods now and
"Oh! nonsense," rejoined Mrs. Squeers. "If the young man comes to be a teacher here, let him
understand, at once, that we don't want any foolery about the boys. They have the brimstone and
treacle, partly because if they hadn't something or other in the way of medicine they 'd be always
ailing and giving a world of trouble, and partly because it spoils their appetites and comes cheaper
than breakfast and dinner. So, it does them good and us good at the same time, and that's fair
enough, I'm sure!"
"But come," said Squeers, "let's go to the schoolroom; and lend me a hand with my school-coat, will
Nicholas assisted his master to put on an old fustian shooting jacket, and Squeers, arming himself
with his cane, led the way across a yard, to a door in the rear of the house.
 "There," said the schoolmaster, as they stepped in together; "this is our shop, Nickleby!"
The "shop" was a bare and dirty room, with a couple of windows, whereof a tenth part might be of
glass, the remainder being stopped up with old copybooks and paper. There were a couple of long, old
rickety desks, cut and notched, and inked, and damaged, in every possible way; two or three forms; a
detached desk for Squeers; and another for his assistant. The ceiling was supported, like that of a
barn, by cross beams and rafters; and the walls were so stained and discoloured, that it was
impossible to tell whether they had ever been touched with paint or whitewash.
But the pupils! How the last faint traces of hope faded from the mind of Nicholas as he looked in
dismay around! There were pale and haggard faces, lank and bony figures, boys of stunted growth;
little faces which should have been handsome, darkened with the scowl of sullen, dogged suffering;
vicious-faced boys, brooding with leaden eyes, with every kindly sympathy and affection blasted in
its birth, with every young and healthy feeling flogged and starved down.
And yet this scene, painful as it was, had its grotesque features. Mrs. Squeers stood at one of the
desks, presiding over an immense basin of brimstone and treacle, of which delicious compound she
administered a large instalment to each boy in succession: using for the purpose a common wooden
spoon, which widened every young gentleman's mouth considerably: they being all obliged, under heavy
corporal penalties, to take in the whole of the bowl at a gasp.
In another corner, huddled together for companionship, were the little boys who had arrived on the
preceding night: at no great distance from these was seated the juvenile son and heir of Mr.
Squeers, Wackford by name—a striking likeness of his father—kicking, with great vigour, under the
 hands of Smike, who was fitting upon him a pair of new boots that bore a most suspicious resemblance
to those which the least of the little boys had worn on the journey down—as the little boy himself
seemed to think, for he was regarding the appropriation with a look of rueful amazement.
"Now," said Squeers, giving the desk a great rap with his cane, which made half the little boys
nearly jump out of their boots, "is that physicking over?"
"Just over," said Mrs. Squeers, choking the last boy in her hurry, and tapping the crown of his head
with the spoon to restore him. "Here, you Smike; take away now. Look sharp!"
Smike shuffled out with the basin, and Mrs. Squeers, hurried out after him into a wash-house where
there were a number of little wooden bowls which were arranged upon a board. Into these bowls, Mrs.
Squeers poured a brown composition, which was called porridge. A minute wedge of brown bread was
inserted in each bowl, and when they had eaten their porridge by means of it, the boys ate the bread
itself, and had finished their breakfast; whereupon Mr. Squeers said in a solemn voice, "For what we
have received, may the Lord make us truly thankful!"—and went away to his own.
After eating his share of porridge, and having further disposed of a slice of bread and butter,
allotted to him in virtue of his office, Nicholas sat himself down, to wait for school-time. He
could not but observe how silent and sad the boys seemed to be. There was none of the noise and
clamour of a school-room; none of its boisterous play, or hearty mirth. The only pupil who evinced
the slightest tendency towards locomotion or playfulness was Master Squeers, and as his chief
amusement was to tread upon the other boys' toes in his new boots, his flow of spirits was rather
disagreeable than otherwise.
 After some half-hour's delay, Mr. Squeers reappeared, and the boys took their places and their
books, and ranged themselves in front of the schoolmaster's desk.
"This is the class in English spelling, and philosophy, Nickleby," said Squeers, beckoning Nicholas
to stand beside him. "We'll get up a Latin one, and hand that over to you. Now, then, where's the
"Please, sir, he's cleaning the back parlour window," answered one of the class.
"So he is, to be sure," rejoined Squeers. "We go upon the practical mode of teaching, Nickleby; the
regular education system. C-l-e-a-n, clean, verb active, to make bright, to scour. When the boy
knows this out of book, he goes and does it. Where's the second boy?"
"Please, sir, he's weeding the garden," replied a small voice.
"To be sure," said Squeers. "So he is. B-o-t, bot, t-i-n, tin, n-e-y, ney, bottinney, noun
substantive, a knowledge of plants. Third boy, what's a horse?"
"A beast, sir," replied the boy.
"So it is," said Squeers. "Ain't it, Nickleby?"
"I believe there is no doubt of that, sir," answered Nicholas.
"Of course there isn't," said Squeers. "A horse is a quadruped, and quadruped's Latin for beast, as
every body that's gone through the grammar knows. As you're perfect in that," resumed Squeers,
turning to the boy, "go and look after my horse, and rub him down well, or I'll rub you down.
The rest of the class go and draw water up till somebody tells you to leave off, for it's washing
So saying, he dismissed the class, and eyed Nicholas with a look, half cunning and half doubtful, as
if he were not altogether certain what he might think of him by this time.
 "That's the way we do it, Nickleby," he said, after a pause.
Nicholas shrugged his shoulders, and said he saw it was.
"And a very good way it is, too," said Squeers. "Now just take them fourteen little boys and hear
them some reading, because, you know, you must begin to be useful."
Mr. Squeers said this as if it had suddenly occurred to him, either that he must not say too much to
his assistant, or that his assistant did not say enough to him in praise of the establishment. The
children were arranged in a semi-circle round the new master, and he was soon listening to their
dull, drawling, hesitating recital of stories to be found in the old spelling books. In this
exciting occupation the morning lagged heavily on. At one o'clock, the boys sat down in the kitchen
to some hard salt beef. After this, there was another hour of crouching in the schoolroom and
shivering with cold, and then school began again.
It was Mr. Squeers's custom to call the boys together, and make a sort of report, after every
half-yearly visit to the metropolis, regarding the relations and friends he had seen, the news he
had heard, the letters he had brought down, and so forth. This solemn proceeding took place on the
afternoon of the day succeeding his return. The boys were recalled from house-window, garden and
stable, and cow-yard, when Mr. Squeers with a small bundle of papers in his hand, and Mrs. Squeers
following with a pair of canes, entered the room, and proclaimed silence.
"Let any boy speak without leave," said Mr. Squeers mildly, "and I'll take the skin off his back."
This special proclamation had the desired effect, and a death-like silence immediately prevailed, in
the midst of which Mr. Squeers went on to say:
"Boys, I've been to London, and have returned as strong and well as ever."
 According to half-yearly custom, the boys gave three feeble cheers at this refreshing intelligence.
Such cheers! Sighs of extra strength with the chill on.
Squeers then proceeded to give several messages of various degrees of unpleasantness to sundry of
the boys, followed up by vigorous canings where he had any grudge to pay off. One by one the boys
answered to their names.
"Now let us see," said Squeers. "A letter for Cobbey. Stand up, Cobbey."
Another boy stood up and eyed the letter very hard, while Squeers made a mental abstract of the
"Oh," said Squeers; "Cobbey's grandmother is dead, which is all the news his sister sends, except
eighteenpence, which will just pay for that broken square of glass. Mrs. Squeers, my dear, will you
take the money?"
The worthy lady pocketed the eighteenpence with a most business-like air, and Squeers passed on to
the next boy, as coolly as possible.
"Mobbs's step-mother," said Squeers, "took to her bed on hearing that he wouldn't eat fat, and has
been very ill ever since. She wishes to know, by an early post, where he expects to go to if he
quarrels with his vittles; and with what feelings he could turn up his nose at the cow's liver
broth, after his good master had asked a blessing on it. This was told her in the London
newspapers—not by Mr. Squeers, for he is too kind and good to set anybody against anybody—and it
has vexed her so much, Mobbs can't think. She is sorry to find he is discontented, which is sinful
and horrid, and hopes Mr. Squeers will flog him into a happier state of mind; and with this view,
she has also stopped his halfpenny a week pocket-money, and given a double-bladed knife with a
corkscrew in it to the Missionaries, which she had bought on purpose for him."
BOLDER, COBBEY, SMIKE, GRAYMARSH, MOBB'S.
 "A sulky state of feeling," said Squeers, after a terrible pause. "Cheerfulness and contentment must
be kept up. Mobbs, come to me."
Mobbs moved slowly towards the desk, rubbing his eyes in anticipation of good cause for doing so;
and he soon afterwards retired by the side door, with as good a cause as a boy need have.
Mr. Squeers then proceeded to open a miscellaneous collection of letters; some enclosing money,
which Mrs. Squeers "took care of;" and others referring to small articles of apparel, all of which
the same lady stated to be too large, or too small, and calculated for nobody but young Squeers, who
would appear indeed to have had most accommodating limbs, since everything that came into the school
fitted him to a nicety. His head, in particular, must have been singularly elastic, for hats and
caps of all dimensions were alike to him.
This business despatched, a few slovenly lessons were performed, and Squeers retired to his
fireside, leaving Nicholas to take care of the boys in the schoolroom. There was a small stove at
that corner of the room which was nearest to the master's desk, and by it Nicholas sat down,
depressed and degraded by the consciousness of his position. But for the present his resolve was
taken. He had written to his mother and sister, announcing the safe conclusion of his journey, and
saying as little about Dotheboys Hall, and saying that little as cheerfully, as he could. He hoped
that by remaining where he was, he might do some good, even there; at all events, others depended
too much on him to admit of his complaining just then.
From the moment of making that resolve, Nicholas got on in his place as well as he could, doing his
best to improve matters. He arranged a few regular lessons for the boys, and saw that they were well
attended; but his heart sank more and
 more, for besides the dull, unvarying round of misery there was another system of annoyance which
nearly drove him wild by its injustice and cruelty. Upon the wretched creature Smike, all the spleen
and ill-humour that could not be vented on Nicholas, were unceasingly bestowed. Drudgery would have
been nothing—Smike was well used to that. Buffetings inflicted without cause would have been
equally a matter of course, for to them also he had served a long and weary apprenticeship; but it
was no sooner observed that he had become attached to Nicholas, than stripes and blows, morning,
noon, and night, were his only portion. Squeers was jealous of the influence which his new teacher
had so soon acquired; and his family hated him, and Smike paid for both. Nicholas saw this, and
ground his teeth at every repetition of the savage and cowardly attack.
Not many weeks later, on a cold January morning, when Nicholas awoke he found the entire school agog
with quivering excitement. Smike had run away, and Squeers's anger was at white heat against him and
every one else.
"He is off," said Mrs. Squeers, angrily. "The cowhouse and stable are locked up, so he can't be
there; and he's not down stairs anywhere. He must have gone York way, and by a public road too. Then
of course," continued Mrs. Squeers, "as he had no money he must beg his way, and he could do that
nowhere, but on the public road."
"That's true," exclaimed Squeers, clapping his hands.
"True! Yes; but you would never have thought of it, if I hadn't said so," replied his wife. "Now, if
you take the chaise and go one road, and I borrow Swallow's chaise and go the other, one or other of
us is pretty certain to lay hold of him!"
This plan was adopted and put in execution without a moment's delay.
 After a very hasty breakfast, Squeers started forth in the pony-chaise, intent upon discovery and
vengeance. Shortly afterwards, Mrs. Squeers issued forth in another chaise and another direction,
taking with her a good-sized bludgeon, several odd pieces of strong cord, and a stout labouring man.
Nicholas remained behind, in a tumult of feeling, sensible that whatever might be the upshot of the
boy's flight, nothing but painful and deplorable consequences were likely to ensue from it. The
unhappy being had established a hold upon his sympathy and compassion, which made his heart ache at
the prospect of the suffering he was destined to undergo.
The next evening Squeers returned alone and unsuccessful. Another day came, and Nicholas was
scarcely awake when he heard the wheels of a chaise approaching the house. It stopped. The voice of
Mrs. Squeers was heard in exultation. Nicholas hardly dared to look out of the window; but he did
so, and the very first object that met his eyes was the wretched Smike: so bedabbled with mud and
rain, so haggard, and worn, and wild, that, but for his garments being such as no scarecrow was ever
seen to wear, he might have been doubtful, even then, of his identity.
"Lift him out," said Squeers, after he had literally feasted his eyes upon the culprit. "Bring him
in; bring him in!"
"Take care!" cried Mrs. Squeers. "We tied his legs under the apron and made 'em fast to the chaise,
to prevent his giving us the slip again."
With hands trembling with delight, Squeers unloosened the cord; and Smike, more dead than alive, was
brought into the house and securely locked up in a cellar.
It may be a matter of surprise to some persons that Mr. and Mrs. Squeers should have taken so much
 repossess themselves of an incumbrance of which it was their wont to complain so loudly; but the
services of the drudge, if performed by any one else, would have cost some ten or twelve shillings
per week in the shape of wages; and furthermore, all runaways were, as a matter of policy, made
severe examples of, at Dotheboys Hall, as in consequence of the limited extent of its attractions,
there was but little inducement, beyond the powerful impulse of fear, for any pupil, provided with
the usual number of legs and the power of using them, to remain.
The news that Smike had been caught and brought back in triumph, ran like wild-fire through the
hungry community, and expectation was on tiptoe all the morning. On tiptoe it was destined to
remain, however, until afternoon; when Squeers called the school together, and dragged Smike by the
collar to the front of the room before them all.
"Have you anything to say?" demanded Squeers, giving his right arm two or three flourishes to try
its power and suppleness. "Stand a little out of the way, Mrs. Squeers, my dear; I've hardly got
"Spare me, sir!" cried Smike.
"Oh! that's all, is it?" said Squeers. "Yes, I'll flog you within an inch of your life, and spare
"I was driven to do it," said Smike faintly; and casting an imploring look about him.
"Driven to do it, were you?" said Squeers. "Oh! It wasn't your fault; it was mine, I suppose—eh?"
Squeers caught the boy firmly in his grip; one desperate cut had fallen on his body—he was wincing
from the lash and uttering a scream of pain—it was raised again, and again about to fall—when
Nicholas Nickleby, suddenly starting up, cried "Stop!" in a voice that made the rafters ring.
"Who cried stop?" said Squeers, turning savagely round.
 "I," said Nicholas, stepping forward. "This must not go on!"
"Must not go on!" cried Squeers, almost in a shriek.
"No!" thundered Nicholas.
Aghast and stupified by the boldness of the interference, Squeers released his hold of Smike, and,
falling back a pace or two, gazed upon Nicholas with looks that were positively frightful.
"I say must not," repeated Nicholas, nothing daunted; "shall not. I will prevent it."
Squeers continued to gaze upon him, with his eyes starting out of his head; but astonishment had
actually, for the moment, bereft him of speech.
"You have disregarded all my quiet interference in the miserable lad's behalf," said Nicholas; "you
have returned no answer to the letter in which I begged forgiveness for him, and offered to be
responsible that he would remain quietly here. Don't blame me for this public interference. You have
brought it upon yourself; not I."
"Sit down, beggar!" screamed Squeers, almost beside himself with rage, and seizing Smike as he
"Wretch," rejoined Nicholas, fiercely, "touch him at your peril! I will not stand by and see it
done. My blood is up, and I have the strength of ten such men as you. Look to yourself, for by
Heaven I will not spare you, if you drive me on!"
"Stand back," cried Squeers, brandishing his weapon.
"I have a long series of insults to avenge," said Nicholas, flushed with passion; "and my
indignation is aggravated by the dastardly cruelties practised on helpless infancy in this foul den.
Have a care; for if you do rouse the devil within me, the consequences shall fall heavily upon your
 He had scarcely spoken, when Squeers, in a violent outbreak of wrath, and with a cry like the howl
of a wild beast, struck him a blow across the face with his instrument of torture, which raised up a
bar of livid flesh as it was inflicted. Smarting with the agony of the blow, and concentrating into
that one moment all his feelings of rage, scorn, and indignation, Nicholas sprang upon him, wrested
the weapon from his hand, and pinning him by the throat, beat the ruffian till he roared for mercy.
Then he hastily retired from the fray, leaving Squeers's family to restore him as best they might.
Seeking his room with all possible haste, Nicholas considered seriously what course of action was
best for him to adopt.
After a brief consideration, he packed up a few clothes in a small leathern valise, and, finding
that nobody offered to oppose his progress, marched boldly out by the front door, and struck into
the road which led to Greta Bridge.
When he had cooled, sufficiently to be enabled to give his present circumstances some little
reflection, they did not appear in a very encouraging light; he had only four shillings and a few
pence in his pocket, and was something more than two hundred and fifty miles from London, whither he
resolved to direct his steps.
He lay, that night, at a cottage where beds were let at a cheap rate to the more humble class of
travellers; and, rising betimes next morning, made his way before night to Boroughbridge. Passing
through that town in search of some cheap resting-place, he stumbled upon an empty barn within a
couple of hundred yards of the road side; in a warm corner of which he stretched his weary limbs,
and soon fell asleep.
When he awoke next morning, and tried to recollect his dreams, which had been all connected with his
recent sojourn at Dotheboys Hall, he sat up, rubbed his eyes, and
stared—  not with the most composed countenance possible—at some motionless object which seemed to be
stationed within a few yards in front of him.
"Strange!" cried Nicholas, "can this be some lingering creation of the visions that have scarcely
left me? It cannot be real—and yet I—I am awake! Smike!"
The form moved, rose, advanced, and dropped upon its knees at his feet. It was Smike indeed.
"Why do you kneel to me?" said Nicholas, hastily raising him.
"To go with you—anywhere—everywhere—to the world's end—to the churchyard grave," replied Smike,
clinging to his hand. "Let me, oh, do let me. You are my home—my kind friend—take me with you,
I am a friend who can do "little for you," said Nicholas, kindly. "How came you here?"
He had followed him, it seemed; had never lost sight of him all the way; had watched while he slept,
and when he halted for refreshment; and had feared to appear before, lest he should be sent back. He
had not intended to appear now, but Nicholas had awakened more suddenly than he looked for, and he
had had no time to conceal himself.
"Poor fellow!" said Nicholas, "your hard fate denies you any friend but one, and he is nearly as
poor and helpless as yourself."
"May I—may I go with you?" asked Smike timidly. "I will be your faithful hard-working servant, I
will, indeed. I want no clothes," added the poor creature, drawing his rags together; "these will do
very well. I only want to be near you."
"And you shall!" cried Nicholas. "The world shall deal by you as it does by me, till one or both of
us shall quit it for a better. Come!"
 With these words, he strapped his burden on his shoulders, and, taking his stick in one hand,
extended the other to his delighted charge; and so they passed out of the old barn together, out
from the nightmare of life at Dotheboys Hall, into the busy world outside.
* * * * *
Some years later, when Mr. Squeers was making one of his customary semi-annual visits to London, he
was arrested and sent to jail by persons who had discovered his system of fraud and cruelty, as well
as the fact that he had in his possession a stolen will. Upon John Browdie, a burly Scotchman,
devolved the duty of carrying the painful news to Mrs. Squeers, and of dismissing the school.
So, arriving at Dotheboys Hall, he tied his horse to a gate, and made his way to the schoolroom
door, which he found locked on the inside. A tremendous noise and riot arose from within, and,
applying his eye to a convenient crevice in the wall, he did not remain long in ignorance of its
The news of Mr. Squeers's downfall had reached Dotheboys; that was quite clear. To all appearance,
it had very recently become known to the young gentlemen; for rebellion had just broken out.
It was one of the brimstone-and-treacle mornings, and Mrs. Squeers had entered school according to
custom with the large bowl and spoon, followed by Miss Squeers and the amiable Wackford: who, during
his father's absence, had taken upon himself such minor branches of the executive as kicking the
pupils with his nailed boots, pulling the hair of some of the smaller boys, pinching the others in
aggravating places, and rendering himself in various similar ways a great comfort and happiness to
his mother. Their entrance, whether by premeditation or a simultaneous impulse, was
 the signal of revolt for the boys. While one detachment rushed to the door and locked it, and
another mounted the desks and forms, the stoutest (and consequently the newest) boy seized the cane,
and, confronting Mrs. Squeers with a stern countenance, snatched off her cap and beaver bonnet, put
it on his own head, armed himself with the wooden spoon, and bade her, on pain of death, go down
upon her knees and take a dose directly. Before that estimable lady could recover herself, or offer
the slightest retaliation, she was forced into a kneeling posture by a crowd of shouting tormentors,
and compelled to swallow a spoonful of the odious mixture, rendered more than usually savoury by the
immersion in the bowl of Master Wackford's head, whose ducking was entrusted to another rebel. The
success of this first achievement prompted the malicious crowd, whose faces were clustered together
in every variety of lank and half-starved ugliness, to further acts of outrage. The leader was
insisting upon Mrs. Squeers repeating her dose, Master Squeers was undergoing another dip in the
treacle, when John Browdie, bursting open the door with a vigorous kick, rushed to the rescue. The
shouts, screams, groans, hoots, and clapping of hands, suddenly ceased, and a dead silence ensued.
"Ye be noice chaps," said John, looking steadily round. "What's to do here, thou yoong dogs?"
"Squeers is in prison, and we are going to run away!" cried a score of shrill voices. "We won't
stop, we won't stop!"
"Weel then, dinnot stop," replied John; "who waants thee to stop? Roon awa' loike men, but dinnot
hurt the women.
"Hurrah!" cried the shrill voices, more shrilly still.
"Hurrah?" repeated John. "Weel, hurrah loike men too. Noo then, look out. Hip—hip—hip—hurrah!"
 "Hurrah!" cried the voices.
"Hurrah! agean," said John. "Looder still."
The boys obeyed.
"Anoother!" said John. "Dinnot be afeared on it Let's have a good un!"
"Noo then," said John, "let's have yan more to end wi', and then coot off as quick as you loike.
Tak' a good breath noo—Squeers be in jail—the school's brokken oop—it's all ower—past and
gane—think o' thot, and let it be a hearty 'un! Hurrah!"
Such a cheer arose as the walls of Dotheboys Hall had never echoed before, and were destined never
to respond to again. When the sound had died away, the school was empty; and of the busy noisy crowd
which had peopled it but five minutes before, not one remained.
For some days afterwards, the neighbouring country was overrun with boys, who, the report went, had
been secretly furnished by Mr. and Mrs. Browdie, not only with a hearty meal of bread and meat, but
with sundry shillings and sixpences to help them on their way.
There were a few timid young children, who, miserable as they had been, and many as were the tears
they had shed in the wretched school, still knew no other home, and had formed for it a sort of
attachment which made them weep when the bolder spirits fled, and cling to it as a refuge. Of these,
some were found crying under hedges and in such places, frightened at the solitude. One had a dead
bird in a little cage; he had wandered nearly twenty miles, and when his poor favourite died, lost
courage, and lay down beside him. Another was discovered in a yard hard by the school, sleeping with
a dog, who bit at those who came to remove him, and licked the sleeping child's pale face.
 They were taken back, and some other stragglers were recovered, but by degrees they were all
claimed, and, in course of time, Dotheboys Hall and its last breaking up began to be forgotten by
the neighbours, or to be only spoken of as among things that had been.