OLIVER Twist was the child of an unknown woman who died in the workhouse of an English village,
almost as soon as her babe drew his first breath. The mother's name being unknown, the workhouse
officials called the child Oliver Twist, under which title he grew up. For nine years he was farmed
out at a branch poorhouse, where with twenty or thirty other children he bore all the miseries
consequent on neglect, abuse, and starvation. He was then removed to the workhouse proper to be
taught a useful trade.
His ninth birthday found him a pale, thin child, diminutive in stature, and decidedly small in
circumference, but possessed of a good sturdy spirit, which was not broken by the policy of the
officials who tried to get as much work out of the paupers as possible, and to keep them on as scant
a supply of food as would sustain life.
The boys were fed in a large stone hall, with a copper at one end, out of which the gruel was ladled
at meal-times. Of this festive composition each boy had one porringer, and no more—except on
occasions of great public rejoicing, when he had two ounces and a quarter of bread besides. The
bowls never wanted washing. The boys polished them with their spoons till they shone again; and when
they had performed this operation, they would sit staring at the copper, as if they could have
devoured the very bricks of which it was composed; sucking their fingers, with the view of catching
up any stray splashes of gruel that might have been cast thereon.
 Boys have generally excellent appetites. Oliver Twist and his companions suffered the tortures of
slow starvation for three months: at last they got so voracious and wild that one boy hinted darkly
that unless he had another basin of gruel a day, he was afraid he might some night happen to eat the
boy who slept next him. He had a wild, hungry, eye; and they implicitly believed him. A council was
held; lots were cast who should walk up to the master, and ask for more, and it fell to Oliver
The evening arrived; the boys took their places. The gruel was served out, and a long grace was
said. The gruel disappeared; the boys whispered each other, and winked at Oliver; while his next
neighbours nudged him. Child as he was, he was desperate with hunger, and reckless with misery. He
rose and advancing to the master, basin and spoon in hand, said, somewhat alarmed at his own
"Please, sir, I want some more!"
The master was a fat, healthy man; but he turned very pale. He gazed in stupified astonishment on
the small rebel for some seconds, and then clung for support to the copper. The assistants were
paralysed with wonder; the boys with fear.
"What?" said the master at length, in a faint voice.
"Please, sir," replied Oliver, "I want some more."
The master aimed a blow at Oliver's head with the ladle; pinioned him in his arms; and shrieked for
the beadle, and when that gentleman appeared, an animated discussion took place. Oliver was ordered
into instant confinement; and a bill was next morning pasted on the outside of the gate, offering a
reward of five pounds to any body who would take Oliver Twist off the hands of the parish. In other
words, five pounds, and Oliver Twist were offered to any man or woman who wanted an apprentice to
any trade, business, or calling.
 Mr. Sowerberry, the parish undertaker, finally applied for the prize, and carried Oliver away with
him, which, for the poor boy, was a matter of falling from the frying pan into the fire, and in his
short career as undertaker's assistant he even sighed for the workhouse,—miserable as his life
there had been. At the undertaker's, Oliver's bed was in the shop. The atmosphere seemed tainted
with the smell of coffins. The recess behind the counter in which his mattress was thrust, looked
like a grave. His food was broken bits left from the meals of others, and his constant companion was
an older boy, Noah Claypole, who, although a charity boy himself, was not a workhouse orphan, and
therefore considered himself in a position above Oliver. He made Oliver's days hideous with his
abuse, which the younger boy bore as quietly as he could, until the day when Noah made a sneering
remark about Oliver's dead mother. That was too much. Crimson with fury, Oliver started up, seized
Noah by the throat, shook him till his teeth chattered, and then with one heavy blow, felled him to
This brought about a violent scene, for Noah accused Oliver of attempting to murder him, and Mrs.
Sowerberry, the maid, and the beadle,—who had been hastily summoned,—agreed that Oliver was a
hardened wretch, only fit for confinement, and he was accordingly placed in the cellar, till the
undertaker came in, when he was dragged out again to have the story retold. To do Mr. Sowerberry
justice, he would have been kindly disposed towards Oliver, but for the prejudice of his wife
against the boy. However, to satisfy her, he gave Oliver a sound beating, and shut him up in the
back kitchen until night, when, amidst the jeers and pointings of Noah and Mrs. Sowerberry, he was
ordered up-stairs to his dismal bed.
It was then, alone, in the silence of the gloomy workshop,
 that Oliver gave way to his feelings, wept bitterly, and resolved no longer to bear such treatment.
Softly he undid the fastenings of the door, and looked abroad. It was a cold night. The stars
seemed, to the boy's eyes, farther from the earth than he had ever seen them before; there was no
wind; and the sombre shadows looked sepulchral and death-like, from being so still. He softly
reclosed the door, and having availed himself of the expiring light of the candle to tie up in a
handkerchief the few articles of wearing apparel he had, sat himself down to wait for morning.
With the first ray of light, Oliver arose, and again unbarred the door. One timid look around,—one
minute's pause of hesitation,—he had closed it behind him.
He looked to the right, and to the left, uncertain whither to fly. He remembered to have seen the
waggons, as they went out, toiling up the hill, so he took the same route; and arriving at a
footpath which he knew led out into the road, struck into it, and walked quickly on.
For seven long days he tramped in the direction of London, tasting nothing but such scraps of meals
as he could beg from the occasional cottages by the roadside. On the seventh morning he limped
slowly into the little town of Barnet, and as he was resting for a few moments on the steps of a
public-house, a boy crossed over, and walking close to him, said,
"Hullo! my covey! What's the row?"
The boy who addressed this inquiry to the young wayfarer, was about his own age: but one of the
queerest looking boys that Oliver had ever seen. He was a snub-nosed, flat-browed, common-faced boy
enough; and as dirty a juvenile as one would wish to see; but he had about him all the airs and
manners of a man. He was short, with bow-legs, and little, sharp, ugly, eyes. His hat was stuck on
the top of
 his head, and he wore a man's coat that reached nearly to his heels.
"Hullo, my covey! What's the row?" said this strange young gentleman to Oliver.
"I am very hungry and tired," replied Oliver; the tears standing in his eyes as he spoke. "I have
walked a long way. I have been walking these seven days."
"Going to London?" inquired the strange boy.
"Got any lodgings?"
The strange boy whistled; and put his arms into his pockets.
"Do you live in London?" inquired Oliver.
"Yes, I do when I'm at home," replied the boy. "I suppose you want some place to sleep in to-night,
Upon Oliver answering in the affirmative, the strange boy, whose name was Jack Dawkins, said, "I've
got to be in London to-night; and I know a 'spectable old genelman as lives there, wot'll give you
lodgings for nothink, and never ask for the change—that is, if any genelman he knows interduces
This offer of shelter was too tempting to be resisted, and Oliver trudged off with his new friend.
Into the city they passed, and through the worst and darkest streets, the sight of which filled
Oliver with alarm. At length they reached the door of a house, which Jack entered, drawing Oliver
after him, into its dark passage-way, and closing the door after them.
Oliver, groping his way with one hand, and having the other firmly grasped by his companion,
ascended with much difficulty the dark and broken stairs, which his conductor
 mounted with an expedition that showed he was well acquainted with them. He threw open the door of a
back-room and drew Oliver in after him.
The walls and ceiling of the room were perfectly black with age and dirt. There was a clothes-horse,
over which a great number of silk handkerchiefs were hanging; and a deal table before the fire; upon
which were a candle, stuck in a ginger-beer bottle, two or three pewter pots, a loaf and butter, and
a plate. In a frying pan, which was on the fire, some sausages were cooking, and standing over them,
with a toasting-fork in his hand, was a very old shrivelled Jew, whose villanous-looking and
repulsive face was obscured by a quantity of matted red hair.
Several rough beds, made of old sacks, were huddled side by side on the floor. Seated round the
table were four or five boys, none older than Jack Dawkins, familiarly called the Dodger. The boys
all crowded about their associate, as he whispered a few words to the Jew; and then they turned
round and grinned at Oliver. So did the Jew himself, toasting-fork in hand.
"This is him, Fagin," said Jack Dawkins; "my friend Oliver Twist."
The Jew, making a low bow to Oliver, took him by the hand, and hoped he should have the honour of
his intimate acquaintance. Upon this the young gentlemen came round him, and shook his hand very
hard, especially the one in which he held his little bundle.
"We are very glad to see you, Oliver, very," said the Jew. "Dodger take off the sausages; and draw a
tub near the fire for Oliver. Ah, you're a-staring at the pocket-handkerchiefs! eh, my dear? There
are a good many of 'em, ain't there? We've just looked 'em out ready for the wash; that's all,
Oliver, that's all. Ha! ha! ha!"
The latter part of this speech was hailed by a boisterous
 shout from the boys, who, Oliver found, were all pupils of the merry old gentleman. In the midst of
which they went to supper.
Oliver ate his share, and the Jew then mixed him a glass of hot gin and water, telling him he must
drink it off directly because another gentleman wanted the tumbler. Oliver did as he was desired.
Immediately afterwards, he felt himself gently lifted on to one of the sacks; and then he sunk into
a deep sleep.
It was late next morning when Oliver awoke, from a sound, long sleep. There was no other person in
the room but the old Jew, who was boiling some coffee in a saucepan for breakfast, and whistling
softly to himself as he stirred it. He would stop every now and then to listen when there was the
least noise below; and, when he had satisfied himself, he would go on, whistling and stirring again,
When the coffee was done, the Jew drew the saucepan to the hob, then he turned and looked at Oliver,
and called him by name, but the boy did not answer, and was to all appearances asleep. After
satisfying himself upon this head, the Jew stepped gently to the door, which he fastened. He then
drew forth as it seemed to Oliver, from some trap in the floor a small box, which he placed
carefully on the table. His eyes glistened as he raised the lid, and looked in. Dragging an old
chair to the table, he sat down, and took from it a magnificent gold watch, sparkling with jewels.
At least half a dozen more were severally drawn forth from the same box, besides rings, brooches,
bracelets, and other articles of jewellery, of such magnificent materials, and costly workmanship,
that Oliver had no idea, even of their names.
At length the bright, dark eyes of the Jew, which had been staring vacantly before him, fell on
Oliver's face; the
 boy's eyes were fixed on his in mute curiosity; and, although the recognition was only for an
instant,—it was enough to show the man that he had been observed. He closed the lid of the box with
a loud crash; and, laying his hand on a bread knife which was on the table, started furiously up.
"What's that?" said the Jew. "What do you watch me for? Why are you awake? What have you seen? Speak
out, boy! Quick—quick! for your life!"
"I wasn't able to sleep any longer, sir," replied Oliver meekly. "I am very sorry if I have
disturbed you, sir."
"You were not awake an hour ago?" said the Jew, scowling fiercely.
"No! No indeed!" replied Oliver.
"Are you sure?" cried the Jew, with a still fiercer look than before, and a threatening attitude.
"Upon my word I was not, sir," replied Oliver, earnestly. "I was not, indeed, sir."
"Tush, tush, my dear!" said the Jew, abruptly resuming his old manner. "Of course I know that, my
dear, I only tried to frighten you. You're a brave boy. Ha! ha! you're a brave boy, Oliver!"
The Jew rubbed his hands with a chuckle, but glanced uneasily at the box, notwithstanding.
"Did you see any of these pretty things, my dear?" said the Jew.
"Yes, sir," replied Oliver.
"Ah!" said Fagin, turning rather pale. "They—they're mine, Oliver; my little property. All I have
to live upon in my old age. The folks call me a miser, my dear. Only a miser; that's all."
Oliver thought the old gentleman must be a decided miser to live in such a dirty place, with so many
watches; but thinking that perhaps his fondness for the Dodger and the other
 boys, cost him a good deal of money, he only cast a deferential look at the Jew, and asked if he
might get up. Permission being granted him, he got up, walked across the room, and stooped for an
instant to raise the water-pitcher. When he turned his head, the box was gone.
Presently the Dodger returned with a friend, Charley Bates, and the four sat down to a breakfast of
coffee, and some hot rolls, and ham, which the Dodger had brought home in the crown of his hat.
"Well," said the Jew, "I hope you've been at work this morning, my dears?"
"Hard," replied the Dodger.
"As Nails," added Charley Bates.
"Good boys, good boys!" said the Jew. "What have you got, Dodger?"
"A couple of pocket-books," replied the young gentleman.
"Lined?" inquired the Jew, with eagerness.
"Pretty well," replied the Dodger, producing two pocket-books.
"And what have you got, my dear?" said Fagin to Charley Bates.
 Master Bates; at the same time producing four pocket-handkerchiefs.
"Well," said the Jew, inspecting them closely; "they 're very good ones, very. You haven't marked
them well, though, Charley; so the marks shall be picked out with a needle, and we'll teach Oliver
how to do it. Shall us, Oliver, eh?"
"If you please, sir," said Oliver.
"You'd like to be able to make pocket-handkerchiefs as easy as Charley Bates, wouldn't you, my
dear?" said the Jew.
"Very much indeed, if you'll teach me, sir," replied Oliver.
Master Bates saw something so exquisitely ludicrous in this reply, that he burst into a laugh; which
laugh, meeting the coffee he was drinking, and carrying it down some wrong channel, very nearly
terminated in his suffocation.
"He is so jolly green!" said Charley, when he recovered, as an apology to the company for his
When the breakfast was cleared away, the merry old gentleman and the two boys played at a very
curious and uncommon game, which was performed in this way. Fagin, placing a snuff-box in one pocket
of his trousers, a notecase in the other, and a watch in his waistcoat pocket, with a guard-chain
round his neck, and sticking a mock diamond pin in his shirt, buttoned his coat tight round him, and
putting his spectacle-case and handkerchief in his pockets, trotted up and down with a stick, in
imitation of the manner in which old gentlemen walk about the streets. Sometimes he stopped at the
fire-place, and sometimes at the door, making believe that he was staring with all his might into
shop windows. At such times he would look constantly round him, for fear of thieves, and would keep
slapping all his pockets in turn, to see that he hadn't lost anything, in such a very funny and
natural manner, that Oliver laughed till the tears ran down his face.
All this time, the two boys followed him closely about; getting out of his sight so nimbly, that it
was impossible to follow their motions. At last, the Dodger trod upon his toes accidentally, while
Charley Bates stumbled up against him behind; and in that one moment they took from him, with the
most extraordinary rapidity, snuff-box, note-case, watch-guard, chain, shirt-pin,
pocket-handkerchief—even the spectacle-case. If the old gentleman felt a hand in one of his
pockets, he cried out where it was; and then the game began all over again.
 When this game had been played a great many times, a couple of young women came in; one of whom was
named Bet, and the other Nancy, and afterwards Oliver discovered that they also were pupils of
Fagin's as well as the boys.
Later the young people went out, leaving Oliver alone with the Jew, who was pacing up and down the
"Is my handkerchief hanging out of my pocket, my dear?" said the Jew, stopping short, in front of
"Yes sir," said Oliver.
"See if you can take it out, without my feeling it: as you saw them do when we were at play."
Oliver held up the bottom of the pocket with one hand, as he had seen the Dodger hold it, and drew
the handkerchief lightly out of it with the other.
"Is it gone?" cried the Jew.
"Here it is, sir," said Oliver, showing it in his hand.
"You're a clever boy, my dear," said the playful old gentleman, patting Oliver on the head
approvingly. "I never saw a sharper lad. Here's a shilling for you. If you go on in this way, you'll
be the greatest man of the time. And now come here, and I'll show you how to take the marks out of
Oliver wondered what picking the old gentleman's pocket in play, had to do with his chances of being
a great man. But, thinking that the Jew, being so much his senior, must know best, he followed him
quietly to the table, and was soon deeply involved in his new study.
For many days Oliver remained in the Jew's room, picking marks out of the pocket-handkerchiefs. But
at length, he began to languish, and entreated Fagin to allow him to go out to work with his two
companions. So, one morning, he obtained permission to go out, under the guardianship of Charley
Bates and the Dodger.
 The three boys sallied out; the Dodger with his coat-sleeves tucked up, and his hat cocked as usual;
Master Bates sauntering along with his hands in his pockets; and Oliver between them, wondering
where they were going, and what branch of manufacture he would be instructed in, first.
They were just emerging from a narrow court, when the Dodger made a sudden stop; and, laying his
finger on his lip, drew his companions back again with the greatest caution.
"What's the matter?" demanded Oliver.
"Hush!" replied the Dodger. "Do you see that old cove at the book-stall?"
"The old gentleman over the way?" said Oliver. "Yes, I see him."
"He'll do," said the Dodger.
"A prime plant," observed Master Charley Bates.
Oliver looked from one to the other, with the greatest surprise; but could not ask any questions,
for the two boys walked stealthily across the road, and slunk close behind the old gentleman. Oliver
walked a few paces behind them, looking on in silent amazement.
The old gentleman had taken up a book from the stall; and there he stood: reading away, perfectly
absorbed, and saw not the book-stall, nor the street, nor the boys, nor anything but the book
itself. What was Oliver's horror and alarm to see the Dodger plunge his hand into the old
gentleman's pocket, and draw from thence a handkerchief! To see him hand the same to Charley Bates;
and finally to behold them, both, running away round the corner at full speed!
In an instant the whole mystery of the handkerchiefs, and the watches, and the jewels, and the Jew,
rushed upon the boy's mind. He stood, for a moment, with the blood tingling through all his veins
from terror; then, confused and frightened, he took to his heels.
 In the very instant when Oliver began to run, the old gentleman, putting his hand to his pocket, and
missing his handkerchief, turned sharp round. Seeing the boy scudding away at such a rapid pace, he
very naturally concluded him to be the depredator, and, shouting "Stop thief!" with all his might,
made off after him, book in hand. The Dodger and Master Bates, who had merely retired into the first
doorway round the corner, no sooner heard the cry, and saw Oliver running, than they issued forth
with great promptitude; and, shouting, "Stop thief! Stop thief!" too, joined in the pursuit like
"Stop thief!" The cry is taken up by a hundred voices, the tradesman, the carman, the butcher, the
baker, the milkman, the school-boy, follow in hot pursuit. Away they run, pell-mell, helter-skelter,
slap-dash: tearing, yelling: screaming, knocking down the passengers as they turn the corners,
splashing through the mud, and rattling along the pavements, following after the wretched,
breathless, panting child, gaining upon him every instant. Stopped at last! A clever blow! He is
down upon the pavement, covered with mud and dust, looking wildly round upon the heap of faces that
"Yes," said the old gentleman, "I am afraid that is the boy. Poor fellow! he has hurt himself!"
Just then a police officer appeared and dragged the half fainting boy off, the old gentleman walking
beside him, Oliver protesting his innocence as they went. At the police station Oliver was searched
in vain, and then locked in a cell for a time, while the old gentleman sat outside waiting, and read
his book. Presently the boy was brought out before the Magistrate; and the policeman and the old
gentleman preferred their charges against him. While the case was proceeding, Oliver fell to the
floor in a fainting fit, and
 as he lay there the Magistrate uttered his penance, "He stands committed for three months of hard
labour. Clear the office!" A couple of men were about to carry the insensible boy to his cell, when
an elderly man rushed hastily into the office. "Stop, stop!" he said. "Don't take him away! I saw it
all. I keep the book-stall. I saw three boys loitering on the opposite side of the way when this
gentleman was reading. The robbery was committed by another boy. I saw it done; and I saw that this
boy was perfectly amazed and stupified by it!"
Having by this time recovered a little breath, the bookstall keeper proceeded to relate in a more
coherent manner the exact circumstances of the robbery, in consequence of which explanation Oliver
Twist was discharged, and carried off, still white and faint, in a coach, by the kind-hearted old
gentleman whose name was Brownlow, who seemed to feel himself responsible for the boy's condition,
and resolved to have him cared for in his own home.
After Charley Bates and the Dodger had seen Oliver dragged away by the police officer, they scoured
off with great rapidity. Coming to a halt Master Bates burst into an uncontrollable fit of laughter.
"What's the matter?" inquired the Dodger.
"I can't help it," said Charley, "I can't help it! To see him splitting away at that pace, and
cutting round the corners, and knocking up against the posts, and starting on again as if he was
made of iron, and me with the wipe in my pocket, singing out arter him—oh, my eye!" The vivid
imagination of Master Bates presented the scene before him in too strong colours, and he rolled upon
a door-step and laughed louder than before.
"What'll Fagin say?" inquired the Dodger, and the question sobered Master Bates at once, as both
 in great dread of the Jew. And their worst fears were realised. Fagin was livid with rage at the
loss of his promising pupil, as well as fearful of the disclosures he might make. After long
consultation on the subject, it was agreed by the band that Nancy was to go to the police station in
a disguised dress, to find out what had been done with Oliver, for whom she was to search as her
"dear little lost brother."
Meanwhile Oliver lay for many days burning with fever and unconscious of his surroundings, in the
quietly comfortable home of Mr. Brownlow at Pentonville. At length, weak, and thin, and pallid, he
awoke from what seemed a dream, and found himself being nursed by Mrs. Bedwin, Mr. Brownlow's
motherly old house-keeper, and visited constantly by the doctor. Gradually he grew stronger, and
soon could sit up a little. Those were happy, peaceful days of his recovery, the only happy ones he
had ever known. Everybody was so kind and gentle that it seemed like Heaven itself, as he sat by the
fireside in the house-keeper's room. On the wall hung a portrait of a beautiful, mild, lady with
sorrowful eyes, of which Oliver was the living copy. Every feature was the same—to Mr. Brownlow's
intense astonishment, as he gazed from it to Oliver.
Later, Oliver heard the history of the portrait and his own connection with it.
When he was strong enough to put his clothes on, Mr. Brownlow caused a complete new suit, and a new
cap, and a new pair of shoes, to be provided for him. Oliver gave his old clothes to one of the
servants who had been kind to him, and she sold them to a Jew who came to the house.
One evening Mr. Brownlow sent up word to have Oliver come down into his study and see him for a
little while,—so Mrs. Bedwin helped him to prepare himself, and although
 there was not even time to crimp the little frill that bordered his shirt-collar, he looked so
delicate and handsome, that she surveyed him with great complacency.
Mr. Brownlow was reading, but when he saw Oliver, he pushed the book away, and told him to come
near, and sit down, which Oliver did. Then the old gentleman began to talk kindly of what Oliver's
future was to be. Instantly the boy became pallid with fright, and implored Mr. Brownlow to let him
stay with him, as a servant, as anything, only not to send him out into the streets again, and the
old gentleman, touched by the appeal, assured the boy that unless he should deceive him, he would be
his faithful friend. He then asked Oliver to relate the whole story of his life, which he was
beginning to do when an old friend of Mr. Brownlow's—a Mr. Grimwig,—entered.
He was an eccentric old man, and was loud in his exclamations of distrust in this boy whom Mr.
Brownlow was harbouring.
"I'll answer for that boy's truth with my life!" said Mr. Brownlow, knocking the table.
"And I for his falsehood with my head!" rejoined Mr. Grimwig, knocking the table also.
"We shall see!" said Mr. Brownlow, checking his rising anger.
"We will!" said Mr. Grimwig, with a provoking smile; "we will."
Just then Mrs. Bedwin brought in some books which had been bought of the identical book stall-keeper
who has already figured in this history. Mr. Brownlow was greatly disturbed that the boy who brought
them had not waited, as there were some other books to be returned.
"Send Oliver with them," suggested Mr. Grimwig, "he will be sure to deliver them safely, you know!"
 "Yes; do let me take them, if you please, sir," said Oliver "I'll run all the way, sir."
Mr. Brownlow was about to refuse to have Oliver go out, when Mr. Grimwig's malicious cough made him
change his mind, and let the boy go.
"You are to say," said Mr. Brownlow, "that you have brought those books back; and that you have come
to pay the four pound ten I owe him. This is a five-pound note, so you will have to bring me back
ten shilling change."
"I won't be ten minutes, sir," replied Oliver, eagerly, as with a respectful bow he left the room.
Mrs. Bedwin watched him out of sight exclaiming, "Bless his sweet face!"—while Oliver looked gaily
round, and nodded before he turned the corner.
Then Mr. Brownlow drew out his watch and waited, while Mr. Grimwig asserted that the boy would never
be back. "He has a new suit of clothes on his back; a set of valuable books under his arm; and a
five-pound note in his pocket. He'll join his old friends the thieves, and laugh at you. If ever
that boy returns to this house, sir," said Mr. Grimwig, "I'll eat my head!"
It grew so dark that the figures on the dial-plate were scarcely discernible. The gas lamps were
lighted; Mrs. Bedwin was waiting anxiously at the open door; the servant had run up the street
twenty times to see if there were any traces of Oliver; and still the two old gentlemen sat,
perseveringly, in the dark parlour, with the watch between them, waiting—but Oliver did not come.
He meanwhile, had walked along, on his way to the bookstall, thinking how happy and contented he
ought to feel, when he was startled by a young woman screaming out very loud, "Oh, my dear
brother!"—and then he was stopped by having a pair of arms thrown tight round his neck.
 "Don't!" cried Oliver, struggling. "Let go of Who is it? What are you stopping me for?"
"Oh my gracious!" said the young woman, "I've found him! Oh you naughty boy, to make me suffer sich
distress on your account! Come home, dear, come!" With these and more incoherent exclamations, the
young woman burst out crying, and told the onlookers that Oliver was her brother, who had run away
from his respectable parents a month ago, joined a gang of thieves and almost broke his mother's
heart,—to which Oliver, greatly alarmed, replied that he was an orphan, had no sister, and lived at
Pentonville. Then, catching sight of the woman's face for the first time, he cried,—"Why, it's
"You see he knows me!" cried Nancy. "Make him come home, there's good people, or he'll kill his dear
mother and father, and break my heart!" With this a man who was Nancy's accomplice, Bill Sikes by
name, came to the rescue, tore the volumes from Oliver's grasp, and struck him on the head. Weak
still, and stupified by the suddenness of the attack, overpowered and helpless, what could one poor
child do? Darkness had set in; it was a low neighbourhood; no help was near—resistance was useless.
In another moment he was dragged into a labyrinth of dark narrow courts: and was forced along them,
at a pace which rendered the few cries he dared to give utterance to, unintelligible.
At length they turned into a very filthy street, and stopped at an apparently untenanted house into
which Bill Sikes and Nancy led Oliver, and there, were his old friends, Charley Bates, the Dodger,
They greeted Oliver with cheers, and at once rifled his pockets of the five-pound note, and relieved
him of the books,—although Oliver pleaded that the books and money be sent back to Mr. Brownlow.
When he found that all
 pleading and resistance were useless, he jumped suddenly to his feet and tore wildly from the room,
uttering shrieks for help which made the bare old house echo to the roof, and then attempted to dart
through the door, opened for a moment, but he was instantly caught, while Sikes' dog would have
sprung upon him, except for Nancy's intervention. She was struck with Oliver's pallor and great
grief and tried to shield him from violence. But it was of little avail. He was beaten by the Jew,
and then led off by Master Bates into an adjacent kitchen to go to bed. His new clothes were taken
from him and he was given the identical old suit which he had so congratulated himself upon leaving
off at Mr. Brownlow's, and the accidental display of which to Fagin, by the Jew who purchased them,
had been the first clue to Oliver's whereabouts.
For a week or so the boy was kept locked up, but after that the Jew left him at liberty to wander
about the house; which was a weird, ghostlike place, with the mouldering shutters fast closed, and
no evidence from outside that it sheltered human creatures. Oliver was constantly with Charley Bates
and the Dodger, who played the old game with the Jew every day. At times Fagin entertained the boys
with stories of robberies he had committed in his younger days, which made Oliver laugh heartily,
and show that he was amused in spite of his better feelings. In short, the wily old Jew had the boy
in his toils, and hoped gradually to instil into his soul the poison which would blacken it and
change its hue forever.
Meanwhile Fagin, Bill Sikes, and Nancy were arranging a plot in which poor Oliver was to play a
notable part. One morning he found to his surprise, a pair of stout new shoes by his bedside, and at
breakfast Fagin told him that he was to be taken to the residence of Bill Sikes that night,
 but no reason for this was given. Fagin then left him and presently Nancy came in, looking pale and
ill. She came from Sikes to take Oliver to him. Her countenance was agitated and she trembled.
"I have saved you from being ill-used once, and I will again; and I do now," she said, "for those
who would have fetched you if I had not, would have been far more rough than me. Remember this, and
don't let me suffer more for you just now. If I could help you, I would; but I have not the power. I
have promised for your being quiet; if you are not, you will harm youself and perhaps be my death.
Hush! Give me your hand! Make haste!"
Blowing out the light, she drew Oliver hastily after her, out, and into a hackney-cabriolet. The
driver wanted no directions, but lashed his horse into full speed, and presently they were in a
strange house. There, with Nancy and Sikes, Oliver remained until an early hour the next morning,
when the three set out, whither or for what Oliver did not know, but before they started Sikes drew
out a pistol, and holding it close to Oliver's temple said, "If you speak a word while you're out of
doors, with me, except when I speak to you, that loading will be in your head without notice!" And
Oliver did not doubt the statement.
In the gray dawn of a cheerless morning the trio started off, and by continual tramping, and an
occasional lift from a carter reached a public house where they lingered for some hours, and then
went on again until the next night. They turned into no house at Shepperton, as the weary boy had
expected; but still kept walking on, in mud and darkness, until they came in sight of the lights of
a town. Then they stopped for a time at a solitary, dilapidated house, where they were met by other
men. The party then crossed a bridge and were soon in the little town of
 Chertsey. There was nobody abroad. They had cleared the town as the church-bell struck two. After
walking about a quarter of a mile, they stopped before a detached house surrounded by a wall: to the
top of which one of the men, Toby Crackit, climbed in a twinkling.
"The boy next!" said Toby. "Hoist him up; I'll catch hold of him."
Before Oliver had time to look round, Sikes had caught him under the arms; and he and Toby were
lying on the grass, on the other side of the wall. Sikes followed, and they stole towards the house.
Now, for the first time Oliver realised that robbery, if not murder, was the object of the
expedition. In vain he pleaded that they let him go,—he was answered only by oaths, while the
robbers were busy opening a little window not far from the ground at the back of the house, which
was just large enough to admit Oliver. Toby planted himself firmly with his head against the wall
beneath the window, then Sikes, mounting upon him, put Oliver through the window with his feet
first, and without leaving hold of his collar, planted him safely on the floor inside.
"Take this lantern," whispered Sikes, looking into the room, "You see the stairs afore you; go up
softly and unfasten the street door."
Oliver, more dead than alive gasped out, "Yes." Sikes then advised him to take notice that he was
within shot all the way; and that if he faltered, he would fall dead that instant.
"It's done in a minute," said Sikes. "Directly I leave go of you, do your work. Hark!"
"What's that?" whispered the other man.
"Nothing," said Sikes,—"Now!"
In the short time he had to collect his senses, Oliver had resolved that, whether he died in the
attempt or not,
 he would make one effort to dart up stairs and to alarm the family. Filled with this idea, he
advanced at once, but stealthily.
"Come back!" suddenly cried Sikes aloud. "Back! Back!"
Scared by the sudden breaking of the stillness and by a loud cry which followed it, Oliver let his
lantern fall and knew not whether to advance or fly. The cry was repeated—a light appeared—a
vision of two terrified half-dressed men at the top of the stairs swam before his eyes—a flash—a
smoke—a crash somewhere,—and he staggered back.
Sikes had disappeared for an instant; but he was up again, and had Oliver by the collar before the
smoke had cleared away. He fired his pistol after the men, and dragged the boy up.
"Clasp your arm tighter," said Sikes, as he drew him through the window. "Give me a shawl here.
They've hit him. Quick! How the boy bleeds!"
Then came the loud ringing of a bell, mingled with the noise of fire-arms, the shouts of men, and
the sensation of being carried over uneven ground at a rapid pace. Then the noises grew confused in
the distance; and the boy saw or heard no more. Bill Sikes had him on his back scudding like the
wind. Oliver's head hung down, and he was deadly cold. The pursuers were close upon Sikes' heels. He
dropped the boy in a ditch and fled.
Hours afterwards Oliver came to himself, and found his left arm rudely bandaged hung useless at his
side. He was so weak that he could scarcely move. Trembling from cold and exhaustion he made an
effort to stand upright, but fell back, groaning with pain. Then a creeping stupor came over him,
warning him that if he lay there he must surely die. So he got upon his feet, and stumbling on,
 half unconscious, drew near to the very house which caused him to shudder with horror at the memory
of last night's dreadful scene.
Within, in the kitchen all the servants were gathered round the fire discussing the attempted
burglary. While Mr. Giles, the butler, was giving his version of the affair, there came a timid
knock. They opened the door cautiously and beheld poor little Oliver Twist, speechless and
exhausted, who raised his heavy eyes and mutely solicited their compassion. Instantly there was an
outcry, and Oliver was seized by one leg and one arm, lugged into the hall, and laid on the floor.
"Here he is!" bawled Giles up the staircase; "here's one of the thieves, ma'am! Here's a thief,
miss! Wounded, miss. I shot him, miss; and Brittles held the light!" There was great confusion then,
all the servants talking at once, but the sound of a sweet voice from above quelled the commotion.
On learning that a wounded thief was lying in the house, the voice directed that he be instantly
carried up-stairs to the room of Mr. Giles, and a doctor be summoned; and so for the second time in
his short, tragic existence, Oliver fell into kind hands at a moment when all hope had left his
breast. He was now in the home of Mrs. Maylie, a finely preserved, bright-eyed, elderly lady, and
her fair young adopted niece, Rose.
The attempted burglary had greatly shocked them both, and the fact that one of the robbers was in
the house added to their nervousness. So when Dr. Losberne came, and begged them to accompany him to
the patient's room, they dreaded to comply with the request, but finally yielded to his demand. What
was their astonishment when the bed-curtains were drawn aside, instead of a black-visaged ruffian,
to see a mere child, worn with pain, and sunk into a deep sleep. His wounded arm bound and
splintered up, was
 crossed upon his breast. His head reclined upon the other arm, which was half hidden by his long
hair, as it streamed over the pillow. The boy smiled in his sleep as at a pleasant dream, when Rose
bent tenderly over him, while the older lady and the Doctor discussed the probability of the child's
having been the tool of robbers. Fearing that the doctor might influence her aunt to send the boy
away, Rose pleaded that he be kept and cared for; it was finally decided that when Oliver awoke he
should be examined as to his past life, and if the result seemed satisfactory, he should remain. But
not until evening was he able to be questioned. He then told them all his simple history. It was a
solemn thing to hear the feeble voice of the sick child recounting a weary catalogue of evils and
calamities which hard men had brought upon him, and his hearers were profoundly moved by the
recital. His pillow was smoothed by gentle hands that night and he slept as sleep the calm and
On the following day, officers who had heard of the burglary, and that a thief was prisoner in the
Maylie house, came from London to arrest him, but Dr. Losberne and Mrs. Maylie shielded him, and
their joint bail was accepted for the boy's appearance in court if it should ever be required.
With the Maylies Oliver remained, and thanks to their tender care, gradually throve and prospered,
although it was long weeks before he was quite himself again. Many times he spoke to the two sweet
ladies of his gratitude to them, saying that he only desired to serve them always. To this they
responded that he should go with them to the country, and there could serve them in a hundred ways.
Only one cloud was on Oliver's sky. He longed to go to Mr. Brownlow and tell him the true story of
his seeming ingratitude. So as soon as he was sufficiently recovered,
 Dr. Losberne drove him out to the place where he said Mr. Brownlow resided. They hastened to the
house, but alas! it was empty. There was a bill in the window, "To Let" and upon inquiring, they
found that Mr. Brownlow, Mr. Grimwig, and Mrs. Bedwin had gone to the West Indies.
The disappointment was a cruel one, for all through his sickness Oliver had anticipated the delight
of seeing his first benefactor, and clearing himself of guilt, but now that was impossible.
In a fortnight the Maylies went to the country, and Oliver, whose life had been spent in squalid
crowds, seemed to enter on a new existence there. The sky and the balmy air, the woods and
glistening water, the rose and honeysuckle, were each a daily joy to him. Every morning he went to a
white-haired old gentleman who taught him to read better and to write, then he would walk and talk
with Rose and Mrs. Maylie, and so three happy months glided away.
In the summer Rose was taken down with a terrible fever, and anxiety hung like a cloud over the
cottage where she was so dear, but at length the danger passed and the loving hearts grew lighter
Meanwhile a man named Monks,—a friend of Fagin's—had by chance seen Oliver, had been strangely
excited and angered at sight of him, and after carefully learning some details of the boy's history,
had gone to the beadle at the workhouse where Oliver began life, and by dint of bribes, had extorted
information concerning Oliver's mother, which only one person knew. Satisfied with what he learned,
Monks conferred with Fagin, telling some facts about Oliver which caused Nancy, who happened to
overhear them, to become terror-stricken.
As soon as she could, she stole away from her companions, out towards the West End of London, to a
hotel where the
 Maylies were then boarding, and which she had heard Monks mention. Nancy was such a ragged object
that she found it difficult to have her name carried up to Rose Maylie, but at length she succeeded,
and was ushered into the sweet young lady's presence, where she quickly related what she had come to
tell. That Monks had accidentally seen Oliver, and found out where he was living, and with
whom;—that a bargain had been struck with Fagin that he should have a certain sum of money if
Oliver were brought back, and a still larger amount if the boy could be made a thief. Nancy then
went on to tell that Monks spoke of Oliver as his young brother, and boasted that the proofs of the
boy's identity lay at the bottom of the river—that he, Monks, had money which by right should have
been shared with Oliver, and that his one desire was to take the boy's life.
These disclosures made Rose Maylie turn pale, and ask many questions, from which she discovered that
Nancy's confession was actuated by a real liking for Oliver and a fierce hatred for the man Monks.
Her tale finished, and refusing money, or help of any kind, Nancy went as swiftly as she had come,
and when she left, Rose sank into a chair completely overcome by what she had heard.
Of course the matter was too serious to pass over, and the next day, as Rose was trying to decide
upon a course of action, Oliver settled it for her, by rushing in with breathless haste, and
exclaiming, "I have seen the gentleman—the gentleman who was so good to me—Mr. Brownlow!"
"Where?" asked Rose.
"Going into a house," replied Oliver. "And Giles asked, for me, whether he lived there, and they
said he did. Look here," producing a scrap of paper, "here it is; here's where he lives—I'm going
there directly! OH, DEAR ME! DEAR ME! what shall I do when I come to hear him speak again!"
 With her attention not a little distracted by these exclamations of joy, an idea came to Rose, and
she determined upon turning this discovery to account.
"Quick!" she said, "tell them to fetch a hackney-coach, and be ready to go with me. I will take you
to see Mr. Brownlow directly."
Oliver needed no urging and they were soon on their way to Craven Street. When they arrived, Rose
left Oliver in the coach, and sending up her card, requested to see Mr. Brownlow on business. She
was shown up stairs, and presented to Mr. Brownlow, an elderly gentleman of benevolent appearance,
in a bottle-green coat, and with him was his friend, Mr. Grimwig. Rose began at once upon her
errand, to the great amazement of the two old gentlemen. She related in a few natural words all that
had befallen Oliver since he left Mr. Brownlow's house, concluding with the assurance that his only
sorrow for many months had been the not being able to meet with his former benefactor and friend.
"Thank God!" said Mr. Brownlow. "This is great happiness to me; great happiness! But why not have
"He is waiting in a coach at the door," replied Rose.
"At this door!" cried Mr. Brownlow. With which he hurried down the stairs, without another word, and
came back with Oliver. Then Mrs. Bedwin was sent for. "God be good to me!" she cried, embracing him;
"it is my innocent boy! He would come back—I knew he would! How well he looks, and how like a
gentleman's son he is dressed again! Where have you been, this long, long while?"
Running on thus,—now holding Oliver from her, now clasping him to her and passing her fingers
through his hair, the good soul laughed and wept upon his neck by turns.
 Leaving Oliver with her, Mr. Brownlow led Rose into another room, by her request, and she narrated
her interview with Nancy, which occasioned Mr. Brownlow no small amount of perplexity and surprise.
After a long consultation they decided to take Mrs. Maylie and Dr. Losberne into their confidence,
also Mr. Grimwig, thus forming a committee for the purpose of guarding the young lad from further
entanglement in the plots of villains.
Through Nancy, with whom Rose had another interview, the man Monks was tracked, and finally captured
by Mr. Brownlow, who to his sorrow, found that the villain was the erring son of his oldest friend,
and his name of Monks only an assumed one. Facing him in a room of his own house, to which Monks had
been brought,—Mr. Brownlow charged the man with one crime after another.
The father of Monks had two children who were half brothers, Monks and Oliver Twist. The father died
suddenly, leaving in Mr. Brownlow's home the portrait of Oliver's mother, which was hanging in the
house-keeper's room. The striking likeness between this portrait and Oliver had led Mr. Brownlow to
recognise the boy as the child of his dear old friend. Then, just when he had determined to adopt
Oliver, the boy had disappeared, and all efforts to find him had proved unavailing. Mr. Brownlow
knew that, although the mother and father were dead, the elder brother was alive, and at once
commenced a search for him. Now he had discovered him in the man Monks, the friend of thieves and
murderers, and by a chance clue he found also that there had been a will, dividing the property
between the two brothers. That will had been destroyed, together with all proofs of Oliver's
 parentage, so that Monks might have the entire property. Fearing discovery, Monks had bargained with
Fagin to keep the child a thief or to kill him outright.
This revelation of his crime in all its terrible details, told in clear cutting tones by Mr.
Brownlow, while his eyes never left the man's face, overwhelmed the coward Monks. He stood
convicted, and confessed his guilt.
Then, because the man was son of his old friend, Mr. Brownlow was merciful.
"Will you set your hand to a statement of truth and facts, and repeat it before witnesses?" he
"That I promise," said Monks.
"Remain quietly here until such a document is drawn up, and proceed with me to such a place as I may
deem advisable, to attest it?"
To this also Monks agreed.
"You must do more than that," said Mr. Brownlow; "Make restitution to Oliver. You have not forgotten
the provisions of the will. Carry them into execution so far as your brother is concerned, and then
go where you please. In this world you need meet no more."
To this also, at length Monks gave fearing assent.
A few days later Oliver found himself in a travelling carriage rolling fast towards his native town,
with the Maylies, Mrs. Bedwin, Dr. Losberne, and Mr. Grimwig, while Mr. Brownlow followed in a
post-chaise with Monks.
Oliver was much excited, for he had been told of the disclosures of Monks, which, together with
journeying over a road which he had last travelled on foot, a poor houseless, wandering boy, without
a friend, or a roof to shelter his head, caused his heart to beat violently and his breath to come
in quick gasps.
"See there, there!" he cried, "that's the stile I came over; there are the hedges I crept behind,
for fear anyone should overtake me and force me back!"
As they approached the town, and drove through its
 narrow streets, it became matter of no small difficulty to restrain the boy within reasonable
bounds. There was the undertaker's just as it used to be, only less imposing in appearance than he
remembered it. There was the workhouse, the dreary prison of his youthful days; there was the same
lean porter standing at the gate. There was nearly everything as if he had left it but yesterday,
and all his recent life had been a happy dream.
They drove at once to the hotel where Mr. Brownlow joined them with Monks, and there in the presence
of the whole party, the wretched man made his full confession of guilt, and surrendered one half of
the property—about three thousand pounds—to his half-brother, upon whom even as he spoke, he cast
looks of hatred so violent that Oliver trembled. From some details of his confession it was also
discovered that Rose Maylie, who was only an adopted niece of Mrs. Maylie, had been the sister of
Oliver's mother, and was therefore the boy's aunt, the first blood relation, except Monks, that he
had ever possessed.
"Not aunt," cried Oliver, throwing his arms about her neck, "I'll never call her aunt.
Sister, my own, dear sister, that something taught my heart to love so dearly from the first, Rose!
dear, darling Rose!" And in Rose's close embrace, the boy found compensation for all his past
The only link to his old life which remained was soon broken. Fagin had been captured too, sentenced
to death, and was in prison awaiting the fulfilment of his doom. In his possession he had papers
relating to Oliver's parentage, and the boy went with Mr. Brownlow to the prison to try to recover
them. With Mr. Brownlow, Fagin was obstinately silent, but to Oliver he whispered where they could
be found, and then begged and prayed the boy to help him escape justice, and
 sent up cry after cry that rang in Oliver's ears for months afterwards.
But youth and sorrow are seldom companions for long, and our last glimpse of Oliver is of a boy as
thoroughly happy as one often is. He is now the adopted son of the good Mr. Brownlow. Removing with
him and Mrs. Bedwin to within a mile of the Maylies' home, Mr. Brownlow gratified the only remaining
wish of Oliver's warm and earnest heart, and as the happy days go swiftly by, the past becomes the
shadow of a dream.
Several times a year Mr. Grimwig visits in the neighbourhood, and it is a favourite joke for Mr.
Brownlow to rally him on his old prophecy concerning Oliver, and to remind him of the night on which
they sat with the watch between them awaiting his return. But Mr. Grimwig contends that he was right
in the main, and in proof thereof remarks that Oliver did not come back after all,—which
always calls forth a laugh on his side, and increases his good humour.
Hundreds of additional titles available for
online reading when you join Gateway to the Classics