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VASCO DA GAMA
 WE have seen that Portugal lost the honor of sending out Columbus, although no one of that age realized that it was an
honor. Six years after he crossed the Atlantic Ocean, a Portguese sailor named Vas'co da Gama made a voyage that
was looked upon as being of far more importance, because it opened the way for trade with the far East for which
merchants had been longing. He reached India by sailing around Africa. Navigators were already familiar with the western
coast of Africa, and a few years earlier one of them had doubled the Cape of Good Hope; but of what lay beyond little
A SHIP OF VASCO DE GAMA'S TIME.
Vasco da Gama, therefore, had been chosen by the king of Portugal to sail down the western coast, round the Cape of Good
Hope, and then sail north up the eastern coast. When the day of departure had come, Da Gama and the men of the fleet and
the courtiers all went down to the water's edge. The ships
 were ablaze with flags and standards. A farewell salute was fired, and the vessels floated down the river of
Lis'bon and out into the open sea.
On the voyage there were tempests and stormy winds. There were hardly six hours of light in the twenty-four, and the sea
was rough day and night. When at last they thought that they must have sailed as far south as the southern point of
Africa, they steered directly east. Alas, the shore soon came in sight. "There is no end to the land," declared the
sailors, "it goes straight across the ocean." "Stand out to sea," commanded Da Gama. "Trust in the Lord, and we will
double the Cape." On they went. The days grew shorter, the nights grew longer, and the cold rains fell constantly. Now
the ships began to leak, and the men could never cease pumping. There was so little hope of safety that they no longer
called upon God to save their lives, but begged Him to have mercy upon their souls. In the midst of all the distress, Da
Gama strode about the ship, angry and fearless. "If we do not double the Cape this time," he declared, "we will stand
out to sea again; and we will stand out as many times until the Cape is doubled, or until whatever may please God has
come to pass."
By and by the sea grew calm, the wind moderated, and, however far they went to the east, no land was in sight. Then they
knew that they had doubled the Cape. They were full of joy, and they praised the Lord, who had delivered them from
The Christmas season was at hand, which the Portuguese call Na-tal'. They gave this name to the part of the coast
off which they lay, and it has been so called ever since that time. After the shattered vessels had been repaired, Da
Gama sailed onward up
 the coast of Africa as far as Me-lin'da. There he found a native pilot who guided his ships across the Indian
Ocean to Cal'i-cut in Hin-du-stan'. After many adventures he returned to Portugal. The king gave him
generous rewards, made him a noble, and bade that holidays should be celebrated in his honor throughout the kingdom.
Da Gama made two other voyages to India. On one of these he led a fleet of twelve ships and brought them back richly
laden with spices and silks and ivory and precious stones. Finally he was made viceroy of India; and there he lived in
much luxury and magnificence until his death.
For a time, the voyages of Columbus were almost forgotten. Vasco da Gama had found the way to India, and several
countries of Europe, especially Portugal, were becoming rich by their trade with the East. What more could be asked?
The departure of Vasco da Gama. — A rough voyage. — The doubling of the Cape. — Christmas Day. —
Da Gama's rewards. — Columbus is forgotten.