THE CID AVENGES KING YAHIA
THE CID MAKES READY TO AVENGE YAHIA. HE TAKES HIS ARMY TOWARD VALENCIA. HE CAPTURES A SUBURB. HE PUNISHES A
HEN once Abeniaf had slain his master, King Yahia, he began to act as if he were now king himself. He put guards
round about his houses day and night. He appointed secretaries who should write his secret letters. He chose a
body of the better men to be his guard. When he rode out he took with him many knights and huntsmen, all
armed, who guarded him like a king; and when he went through the streets, the women came out to gaze at him,
and shouted and rejoiced in him. All this made him so arrogant that he assumed in every respect the manners of
a king. He did whatever he could to debase a kinsman of his own who was a chief officer of the city, and who
 and better than he. He made no account of the governor of the Almoravides, who held the chief castles,
declined to counsel with him, and did nothing for him except to supply him and his men with their money.
When King Yahia had been slain, his servants and other members of his household fled to the Castle of Juballa,
while others went to Zaragoza and told the Cid what had been done. The Cid was greatly troubled, and went as
fast as he could to Juballa, and met those who had fled from Valencia. These besought him to revenge the death
of their master, and promised that they would follow him for life or for death. Then the Cid sent letters to
Abeniaf, letting him know that he was aware what he had done, and reproaching him for casting the king's body
into a pond, and letting the body be buried shamefully. He also bade him give him the corn which he had left
in the granaries at Valencia.
Abeniaf replied that the granaries had all been plundered, and that the city now belonged to the king of the
Almoravides; and that if the Cid would serve that king, he would help him get his good will. When the Cid read
this letter, he saw that Abeniaf
 was a fool, that he had written about one matter and the man had answered about another; and he knew that
Abeniaf was not a man to keep the power which he had gained. So he sent other letters, calling him and all who
were with him traitors, and saying that he would make war on him until he had avenged the death of Yahia.
The Cid also sent letters to all the castles in that region, ordering them to supply his men with food at once
or he would destroy them all. All obeyed his commands, except Aboeza. This man sent word that he would obey
the Cid; but at the same time he sent also to Abenrazin, the lord of Albarrazin, saying that he would give him
Monviedro and the other castles which he held, and bidding him make terms with the Cid. Then Abenrazin went
with all speed to Monviedro, and took possession of that castle. Now twenty-six days had passed since Yahia
When Abenrazin had possession of the Castle of Monviedro, he went to the Cid and made an agreement with him
that his castles should provide food for the Cid's men, and that the Cid should not make war upon him. Then
Abenrazin returned to his own land, leaving one of his men in charge of the
 Castle of Monviedro; and Aboeza went with him, glad to have escaped with his life from the power of the Cid.
The Cid lay before Juballa, and sent out his men twice a day toward Valencia, and they slew many Moors, and
made many prisoners, and took all the flocks that they found outside the walls. But the Cid protected the land
and those who labored to produce bread and wine, thinking that what was thus raised could be used by him when
he should besiege the town.
Now Abeniaf gathered about him more than three hundred knights, and he took no counsel with the governor of
the Almoravides; and when the Almoravides saw that he followed only his own will, they were offended. The sons
of Aboegib were offended also, and they made friends with the Almoravides. Now the Cid was lying in front of
Juballa, and his men every day scoured the country up to the gates of Valencia. And the three hundred knights
of Abeniaf, with men from the town, went out against the Cid's men, but the Cid's men slew many of them. In
one of these skirmishes, the Cid's followers captured a rich Moor, and they forced him to give them a large
sum of silver money; and he gave them the
 houses that he owned in Valencia, to be theirs if they could take the town.
When the Cid knew there was strife between the various parties in Valencia, he strove to make this difference
greater. And he sent secretly to Abeniaf, offering him his friendship if he should expel the Almoravides from
the town, and saying he would befriend him if he did this. Abeniaf was well pleased, thinking he would now be
king of Valencia, and he denied the Almoravides their supplies, pretending he had nothing for them.
At this time Abeniaf received word from Ali, who was in Denia, saying that he should send some of the treasure
he had taken from Yahia to the Miramamolin, the great chief of the Moors in Africa, with which he could get
him to send a great army and come and fight the Cid. So Abeniaf took part of the treasure, and hid the rest,
and sent it away secretly lest the Cid should know. But Abenalfarax, who was the governor whom the Cid had
placed in Valencia, sent a messenger to the Cid, who at once sent horsemen who took the treasure and brought
it to the Cid. Greatly did he thank Abenalfarax for this deed, and he made him chief over all the Moors who
were his subjects.
 At this time, the Castle of Juballa surrendered, and the Cid took his army and went toward Valencia and
encamped in a village called Deroncada. And as seed-time was now over, he burned all the villages round about,
and burned the mills and the boats on the river. He beset the city on all sides, and pulled down the houses
that were outside, and sent the wood and stone to build a town near Juballa.
Presently the governor of the king of Zaragoza came to the Cid with treasures that the king had sent for the
ransom of captives. He also came to counsel with Abeniaf and advise him to give up the city to the king of
Zaragoza, and then the king would protect him; but Abeniaf would not heed this advice. On the second day after
this governor had come, the Cid attacked a suburb of Valencia and slew many, and took it and pulled down the
houses, and put a guard there that the Moors might not recover it.
On the next day, the Cid attacked another suburb, and he also sent a part of his host to attack the gate of
the city. The Cid and his company rode among the great multitude of the Moors, smiting and slaying without
mercy, and the Cid's horse stumbled
 over the dead and fell, and the Cid fought on foot. His friends soon brought him another horse, and he
continued smiting them so fearfully that the Moors were amazed at the number that fell, and they strove to
flee into the town. Those who had been sent against the gate would have succeeded had it not been for the boys
and women who were upon the walls and in the towers, and threw stones down upon them. Then many horsemen came
forth from the city and fought with the Christians, and the battle lasted from morning until midday. Then the
Cid returned to his camp, and when he had taken food, he returned to the attack on the suburb.
This attack was so vigorous that those who dwelt in this part thought they would be taken, and cried out,
"Peace, peace," being in great fear. The Cid then bade his men cease fighting, and the leading men of this
suburb came out, and the Cid granted them the terms they asked; and he took possession of the suburb that
night and set his guards there. On the next day, the Cid went to these people who had surrendered, and
promised them his favor, and told them to cultivate their fields and tend their flocks securely, saying that
he would take only a tenth of the fruit. He placed a Moor there named
 Yucef, to be his receiver. He gave orders that all Moors who would live there might dwell securely, and they
could bring food and merchandise for sale. So much food and merchandise were brought there from all parts that
that suburb became like a city.
Since the Cid had possession of the suburbs, he cut off Valencia so that no one could go out nor in, and the
people of the city knew not what to do, and were sorry that they had not listened to the offer of the king of
Zaragoza. The Almoravides were also in bad circumstances, for they had no one to look to, and were not
receiving any pay. All this time Abeniaf secretly pretended friendship for the Cid. Then the men of the town
and the Almoravides talked together as to a way by which they could make peace with the Cid until the
Miramamolin could send them help from beyond the sea. They therefore sent word to the Cid that they wished to
make a treaty with him, but he answered that he would not do this until they had sent the Almoravides out of
the town. These Africans were well pleased at this message, for they were very weary of being in that place,
and said they would count it the happiest day of their lives when they
 were able to depart. So the men of the town made a treaty with the Cid that the Almoravides should be
permitted to depart in peace, and they agreed to pay him for all the corn that was in his granaries when Yahia
was slain, and that they should pay him the amount that had been promised every week while they had been in
arms, and also from that time forth. They agreed, also, that the suburb that he had won should be his, and
that his troops should remain in Juballa as long as they stayed in that part of the land. Then the Africans
departed from Valencia, and horsemen were sent with them to conduct them in safety.
Then the Cid went with all his army to Juballa, leaving only men to collect his rents. Abeniaf now made ready
to pay the Cid for his corn, and he made terms with the castles about Valencia that they should pay him
one-tenth of all their fruits and of all their other rents. As this was the harvest, he appointed a Moor and a
Christian in each place to see the corn gathered into the granaries; and thus the Cid was well paid.
At this time news came to Valencia that the Almoravides were approaching with a great force, and the Cid
planned how he could keep them from
 coming, or fight them if they succeeded in reaching that land. He sent to Abeniaf telling him to forbid the
Africans from marching into that region, saying that if the Africans entered Valencia, he would cease to be
lord of Valencia; but if they did not come, the Cid would protect him from all his enemies.
Abeniaf was well pleased with this plan, that he should continue to be lord of Valencia and have the
protection of the Cid; and he talked with the governors of some of the castles, and they agreed to what the
Cid had said. So they came to Valencia, and the Cid to his suburb; and they made friendship with him in great
secrecy. But the governor of the Castle of Algezira would not take part in this treaty, so the Cid sent his
troops into his land and cut down his corn and brought it to Juballa, which the Cid had made into a great
town, and where he kept his corn and other supplies and had his rents brought, so that men marvelled that in
so short a time he had made so prosperous a town.
Now Abenrazin, the lord of Albarrazin, made an agreement with the king of Aragon that the king should help him
win Valencia, and he would give him great treasures, and as a guarantee of what he would do he gave him the
Castle of Toalba; but in
 this he gained nothing, but lost the castle. This Abenrazin had before made a treaty with the Cid, so that
they were friends, and the Cid had never done him any injury. But when the Cid knew of his agreement with the
king of Aragon, he felt that he had been dealt with falsely; but he said nothing of his anger until the corn
had been gathered into Juballa.
When the harvest was over, the Cid told his men to get ready for a campaign, but did not tell them where he
intended to lead them, and he set forward by night toward Albarrazin. As that land was at peace, the
inhabitants did not keep watch; so the Cid's men fell upon them, and slew many and took many prisoners, and
drove off great flocks and herds, sheep and kine and horses and prisoners all together, and carried away the
corn. And they sent the spoil to Juballa, and it was so great that Valencia and Juballa and all their
dependencies were rich with cattle and other supplies.
The Cid besieged Albarrazin, and on one day he rode forth with five of his knights, and there came twelve
knights out of the town, thinking to kill him or capture him. But he spurred his horse forward and slew two,
cast two others from their horses
 so that they were taken, and put the rest to flight. But in this encounter the Cid received a wound in his
throat from a spear, and it was thought he would die; and it was three weeks before the wound was healed.
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