THE PRINCESS EPYAXA
 THE Hellenes had now been for some considerable time in the service of
Cyrus, and hitherto he had not failed to pay them punctually every month.
But the enormous expenses incurred in starting the expedition had for the
moment completely drained his treasury, and now, two months after the
departure from Sardis, he was still unable to give them any money, although
their pay was by this time three months in arrear. It was a painful and
embarrassing situation, and he felt it the more keenly because he had always
been accustomed to give to those whom he employed more, rather than less,
than he had promised them.
For a time the soldiers had been content to wait, for they had mostly some
money of their own to fall back upon. But gradually their savings were
becoming exhausted, and they were obliged to remind Cyrus of his debt. At
first they did this modestly, but as time went on, they became more and more
persistent, and now whole bands of them were constantly gathered round his
tent, clamouring for their pay.
From this unpleasant position Cyrus was rescued by help that came to him
from an unexpected quarter. Just at this time he received a visit from the
 Epyaxa, wife of Prince Syennesis, who was the ruler of Cilicia, a province
of the Persian empire included in the satrapy of Cyrus.
The princess had made a long journey in order to meet Cyrus at this point,
and she had not come empty-handed. The large sum of money that she brought
with her could not have arrived at a more welcome moment, and it was
sufficient to enable Cyrus to distribute four months' pay to the Hellene
soldiers, and yet reserve a considerable sum for the next time of necessity.
Cyrus was now approaching the province of Cilicia, and for some days Epyaxa
accompanied his march. One day she expressed a wish that he would draw up
his whole army before her, so that she might see it at its full strength.
Accordingly, when they came to some open country suitable for the purpose,
Cyrus proceeded to gratify her wish, and ordered the troops to be drawn up
in battle array, that he might review them in the company of the princess.
Side by side they passed along the ranks, the princess in a woman's chariot
shaded by curtains that could be drawn close or opened wide at pleasure,
Cyrus in a man's chariot.
First they reviewed the Barbarian army with its endless ranks of cavalry and
foot-soldiers. Then they came to the Hellene troops, who were stationed
opposite. In point of numbers the Hellenes could not compare with the
Barbarians, but their appearance was far more imposing, so noble and
spirited was their bearing, so proud and firm their step. They were dressed
in purple tunics, with brass greaves and helmets, and
 carried bright, polished shields that glittered in the sunshine. After
having driven slowly past them, Cyrus sent word to beg that the hoplites
would advance, as if they were in battle, and about to charge. In answer to
his request, the trumpeters gave a signal, and on hearing it, the hoplites
covered themselves with their great shields, and lowered their long,
powerful spears as if they saw the enemy before them. Then the war cry was
sounded forth, and the hoplites began to advance, marching faster and
faster, until their pace was like a whirlwind, carrying everything before
it. The Barbarians were seized
 with panic, for the charge had every appearance of being in earnest; the
princess sprang from her chariot and ran away as fast as she was able; the
merchants left their wares, and, like the rest, sought refuge in flight; and
meanwhile the Hellenes returned, laughing, to their tents.
When the princess had recovered from her fright, she could not sufficiently
praise the gallant bearing of the Hellene troops, and as for Cyrus, his
heart bounded with joy at the thought of the impression they would make upon
his enemies when they should confront them in the field of battle.
Soon after this, the army reached the country of the Lycaonians, who were no
less notorious than the Pisidians for their constant raids upon the
territory of their neighbours. Cyrus desired the Hellenes to plunder their
country, and thus gained a double advantage. On the one hand he was able to
punish the robbers, and on the other, he could in this way provide some
spoil for his Hellene troops,—an arrangement with which they were
The army was now within a few days march of Cilicia, and the princess
returned to her home by a short route, under the escort of a company of
Hellene soldiers, while the main part of the army followed by a longer but
Cyrus was prepared to find Prince Syennesis less disposed than his wife to
receive him with open arms. As a subject of Artaxerxes the Great King, it
would be his duty to prevent Cyrus the rebel from advancing through his
country. This he could easily do, for the entrance to Cilicia was by a road
so steep and narrow
 that a very small number of men could hold it against an army of invaders.
But the difficulty had been foreseen, and before leaving Sardis, Cyrus had
fitted out a fleet which had followed him round the coast of Asia Minor, and
was now in readiness to land soldiers on the further side of the mountains,
so that they might fall upon the enemy in the rear.
It happened however that the presence of the fleet was sufficient, and that
it was not necessary to land the soldiers. The prince had indeed taken
possession of the heights commanding the road by which Cyrus must enter, but
when he found that not only were the mountains behind him occupied by the
Hellene soldiers who had accompanied his wife to her home, but that moreover
the troops who were preparing to disembark from the fleet would also be in
his rear, he abandoned all idea of defending it. And thus Cyrus was able to
pass over the mountains unhindered, and enter the city of Tarsus without
Cyrus now invited the prince to visit him as a friend. But Syennesis
answered, "I have never put myself into the power of one who was more
powerful than myself, and I will not do so now."
The princess however persuaded him to trust to the honour of Cyrus, and he
finally accepted the invitation. Like his wife, he took with him a
considerable sum of money to assist the rebel, and in return, Cyrus
 him with the usual gifts offered by the Persians to persons of distinction,
—a horse with a golden bridle, a sword with a golden sheath, a ring,
armlets, and a robe of honour. So little could the Great King rely upon the
loyalty of his subjects!
In deciding to make his peace with Cyrus, the Cilician prince had probably
considered what would be the course best calculated to forward his own
interests. By occupying the mountains for a few days, he had made a display
of loyalty to the Great King; and having done this, he was anxious on the
other hand to secure the favour of Cyrus also, in case he should be the
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